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The University Start-Up: Characteristics and Context

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

A university startup has a number of characteristics, many of which are common to any startup. Central to the startup is the business model, the mechanism by which the company will create, market, ... More


War and Economic Growth

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The relationship between war and economic development has been controversial in economic history. During the Cold War, defense and defense-related research and development were criticized as a burden ... More


Innovation and Information Technology in MNE

John Cantwell

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In recent years, there has been a steady expansion in the literature that relates the internationalization of production to the development and transfer of technology by multinational enterprises ... More


Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Ilkka Tuomi

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This book argues that innovation is about creating meaning; that it is inherently social; and is grounded in existing social practices. To understand the social basis of innovation and technology ... More


The Co‐Evolution of Technology, Industrial Structure, and Supporting Institutions

Richard R. Nelson

in Technology, Organization, and Competitiveness: Perspectives on Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290964
eISBN:
9780191596162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290969.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

There is a large intellectual discrepancy between most formal growth models described by economists and descriptions of growth in economic history. This paper draws on an evolutionary theory of ... More


Concluding Remarks

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter puts the open source model of technology development in a broader perspective, and discusses the cultural and value system that underlies open source. It argues that a study on the ... More


Irrigation Technology and Irrigation Management Reform: The Case of the Terai Region in Nepal

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water: Matching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082927
eISBN:
9780199082247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter uses evidence from three case studies of irrigation reform processes in irrigation systems of different scale and complexity in the Nepalese Terai to show changing dynamics in and ... More


The Role of Foreign Technology in China’s Wind Power Industry Development

Joanna I. Lewis

in Green Innovation in China: China's Wind Power Industry and the Global Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153317
eISBN:
9780231526876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153317.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines companies that came to China from Denmark, Germany, and the United States—the three early leaders in wind power technology development. It looks into how Chinese companies ... More


Start-up Scale-up: Addressing the Manufacturing Challenge for Start-ups

William B. Bonvillian and Peter L. Singer

in Advanced Manufacturing: The New American Innovation Policies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037037
eISBN:
9780262343398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037037.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at a new but related problem: start-up scale-up. There is an additional and compounding innovation gap problem affecting start-ups that need to manufacture their products. While ... More


Conclusion: Asian Business Systems—Changes, Causes, and Consequences

Xiaoke Zhang and Richard Whitley

in Changing Asian Business Systems: Globalization, Socio-Political Change, and Economic Organization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198729167
eISBN:
9780191795886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729167.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

In this book we have considered three questions: first, how dominant business systems have changed across Asian political economies since the early 1990s; second, how such changes can be understood ... More


Pedal to the Metal: Subsidies to China’s Auto-Parts Industry

Usha C. V. Haley and George T. Haley

in Subsidies to Chinese Industry: State Capitalism, Business Strategy, and Trade Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773749
eISBN:
9780199332571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773749.003.0138
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter covers $27.5 billion in subsidies to Chinese auto-parts from 2001-2011 that helped make one of the world’s largest producers and exporters. The auto-parts “pillar industry” received the ... More


Workforce Education and Advanced Manufacturing

William B. Bonvillian and Peter L. Singer

in Advanced Manufacturing: The New American Innovation Policies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037037
eISBN:
9780262343398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037037.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores the manufacturing workforce. Data indicates a growing need to upgrade the manufacturing workforce to higher levels of skills, which appears to be a prerequisite for advanced ... More


The Dividends of Defense Programs

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the important legacy in space technology of the defense work undertaken at JPL. NASA's neglect of technology development continued into the 1980s; what little technology NASA ... More


Making Animals

Carrie Friese

in Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729083
eISBN:
9780814729090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the practices and logics that are being argued for when cloned animals are unequivocally classified as part of the endangered species. Focusing on the cloned gaur, African ... More


Reproducing Populations

Carrie Friese

in Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729083
eISBN:
9780814729090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter introduces an alternative articulation of cloning, one that uses cloning as part of an effort to shepherd rather than master endangered animals. It examines the scientific practices that ... More


Upgrading Korea’s Competitive Advantages

Hwy-Chang Moon

in The Strategy for Korea's Economic Success

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190228798
eISBN:
9780190228828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190228798.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The ABCD model can be used not only to build competitive advantages, but sustain them. As Korea moves forward into an increasingly complex and volatile economic environment with the emergence of new ... More


Epilogue: Fifty Years Later

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The epilogue briefly summarizes the major changes that have occurred at the institute in the fifty years of its existence. The staff has reached twice the size planned by Salk, and the fellows and ... More


Induced Innovation Theory and Agricultural Development: A Personal Account

Vernon W. Ruttan and Yujiro Hayami

in Can Economic Growth Be Sustained?: The Collected Papers of Vernon W. Ruttan and Yujiro Hayami

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199754359
eISBN:
9780190261320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754359.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses how Vernon Ruttan and Yujiro Hayami’s research provided a consistent and effective framework for analyzing how markets, technology development, and institutional changes ... More


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