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The Later Nineteenth Century: 1830–1914

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses technological change and economic growth in the late nineteenth century. It notes that during this period, the complexity of technological systems increased, and examples of ... More


An Envirotechnical Disaster: Negotiating Nature, Technology, and Politics at Fukushima

Sara B. Pritchard

in Japan at Nature's Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836924
eISBN:
9780824871109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836924.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the power and politics underlying the Fukushima nuclear disaster that struck Japan on March 11, 2011. It argues that Fukushima was an envirotechnical disaster, a result of the ... More


Expert Revolutionary

Fredrik Meiton

in Electrical Palestine: Capital and Technology from Empire to Nation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520295889
eISBN:
9780520968486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295889.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 1 situates Palestine in the context of British colonialism and technology transfer. The character of the electric power system that was built in Mandate Palestine was influenced by a ... More


The Medium Is the Message, or How Context Matters: The Rand Corporation Builds an Economics of Innovation, 1946–1962

David A. Hounshell

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter documents and analyzes the development within RAND of a body of pioneering literature in what has come to be known as the economics of technical change. Although undertaken in the 1950s ... More


Technology and Society in Classical Athens: A Study of the Social Context of Mining and Metallurgy at Laurion

Kim Van Liefferinge

in Ancient Greek History and Contemporary Social Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474421775
eISBN:
9781474449519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421775.003.0020
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Technology is a ubiquitous aspect of the everyday world. Although hard to ignore in this day and age, Classical scholars have shown little awareness of this observation in their research. Technology ... More


Evolvable technology and innovation

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0253
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines whether principles of biological innovation may apply to technological systems. It shows that an analogue of genotype networks exists in a technological system, that is, in a ... More


Nonmodern Metamorphosis

Bruce Clarke

in Posthuman Metamorphosis: Narrative and Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823228508
eISBN:
9780823240999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823228508.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The theory of evolution marks a recent moment in the long history of narratives of bodily metamorphosis, a modern moment when scientific discourse presented new and persuasive explanations for ... More


Comparing Renewable Energy Micro-Grids in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Laos: A Technological Innovation Systems Approach

Tobias S. Schmidt, Nicola U. Blum, and Catharina R. Bening

in Science, Technology, and Innovation for Sustainable Development Goals: Insights from Agriculture, Health, Environment, and Energy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190949501
eISBN:
9780197528907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949501.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sustainable development goal 7.1 aims to ensure access to electricity for approximately 800 million people who currently live without electricity. Despite its advantages over other electrification ... More


How Should We Study Intelligent Technologies’ Implications for Work and Employment?

Stephen R. Barley and Matthew I. Beane

in Work and Technological Change

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198795209
eISBN:
9780191836510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795209.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

After providing a review of current research on how intelligent technologies (such as artificial intelligence) may alter work and employment, this chapter points to two problems in the existing ... More


Fighting Each Other:: The N-1, Soviet Big Science, and the Cold War at Home

Asif Siddiqi

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Making use of newly available archival sources, this paper revisits a poorly understood episode in postwar Soviet science: the development of the N-1 super rocket designed to take Soviet cosmonauts ... More


Technical Progress and Structural Change: A Long-term View

Alessandro Nuvolari and Emanuele Russo

in New Perspectives on Structural Change: Causes and Consequences of Structural Change in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198850113
eISBN:
9780191884566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850113.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter traces long term patterns of technological change. In particular, we connect the long run patterns of structural change to the emergence and consolidation of the technological systems of ... More


The Peaceful Atom in Global Agriculture

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The 1950s saw the development of an international atomic infrastructure. Within this system, American atomic technologies—including those associated with mutation breeding—were explicitly the object ... More


Mutation Politics

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter further elaborates on subjects introduced in the preceding chapter, considering in greater detail political aspects of mutation research at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In 1953, ... More


Radiation Revisited

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After World War II, the increased availability of radioisotopes, nuclear reactors, and other radiation-generating technologies associated with the production and study of nuclear energy—and the ... More


Conclusion

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

in The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion reviews Ovshinsky’s accomplishments and historical significance. Ovshinsky is now gaining mare recognition. In May 2015 he was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of ... More


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