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The Case of Italy: Everything Changes, Everything Stays the Same

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Italy had less competitive product markets than Germany by the late 1990s, suggesting that producers continued to benefit from economic rents. Consistent with the hypothesis of this book, it also ... More


Stalinist Generation, ‘Leninist Norms’, 1956–1966

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Although there was turmoil in this period with the rise and fall of N. S. Khrushchev, there was stability in the role and make up of the Central Committee elite. The events of 1957 and the ... More


Conclusion: Has European Unification by Stealth a Future?

Jack Hayward

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Monnet‐style European integration relied upon behind‐the‐scenes influence of a few self‐conscious agents of change. The negotiating skills of technocrats and the political skills of statesmen secured ... More


France: Enduring Notables, Weak Parties, and Powerful Technocrats

Marcus Kreuzer and Ina Stephan

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

French politicians became skilled political entrepreneurs much earlier than their European counterparts, but their professionalization was shaped by the fact that it took place within a centralized ... More


Contested Rationality: Disturbances, Controversies, and Opposition to Management Systems

Yehouda Shenhav

in Manufacturing Rationality: The Engineering Foundations of the Managerial Revolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250004
eISBN:
9780191697869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250004.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Business History

This chapter focuses on the opposition to ‘management systems’; on the objection of manufacturers, engineers, and employee representatives. It argues that management systems were not promoted by ... More


After the Great Complacence

Ewald Engelen, Ismail Ertürk, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal, Adam Leaver, Michael Moran, Adriana Nilsson, and Karel Williams

in After the Great Complacence: Financial Crisis and the Politics of Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589081
eISBN:
9780191731150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589081.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

The chapter makes the case for framing the crisis as an elite debacle. The first section focuses on the informal pre-2007 elite story about the benefits of financial innovation, told in the period of ... More


The Limits of Expertise: The United Kingdom as an Unhappy Family

Ewald Engelen, Ismail Ertürk, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal, Adam Leaver, Michael Moran, Adriana Nilsson, and Karel Williams

in After the Great Complacence: Financial Crisis and the Politics of Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589081
eISBN:
9780191731150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589081.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

Democratic politicians were central to crisis management in 2008, but they were marginalized once again after the crisis by various kinds of technocrats. This chapter argues that the failure to ... More


Reform? Hubristic Intervention or Effective Democracy

Ewald Engelen, Ismail Ertürk, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal, Adam Leaver, Michael Moran, Adriana Nilsson, and Karel Williams

in After the Great Complacence: Financial Crisis and the Politics of Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589081
eISBN:
9780191731150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589081.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

In this concluding chapter, we do not produce lists of changes required to fix the financial system, but instead reflect on the preceding analysis to find some bearings that could lead towards a much ... More


Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century Brazil

Eve E. Buckley

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634302
eISBN:
9781469634326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634302.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Eve E. Buckley’s study of twentieth-century Brazil examines the nation’s hard social realities through the history of science, focusing on the use of technology and engineering as vexed instruments ... More


Death of a Dream

RAMóN EDUARDO RUIZ

in Mexico: Why a Few Are Rich and the People Poor

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520262355
eISBN:
9780520947528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262355.003.0009
Subject:
History, Latin American History

By 1982, Mexico's empresarios and politicos, with the enthusiastic help of outsiders, had made a mess of the economy. They discarded a domestically oriented blueprint in order to resurrect Adam ... More


Ethical Challenges Confronting the Applied Economist

George F. DeMartino

in The Economist’s Oath: On the Need for and Content of Professional Economic Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199730568
eISBN:
9780199896776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730568.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents the results of interviews with over forty applied economists about the ethical challenges they face as they attempt to render their professional services with integrity. The ... More


Bureaucratic Visions of Manchukuo, 1933–39

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes the process by which reform bureaucrats altered the military's program and strategies of Manchurian development and promoted their own technocratic agenda for Manchukuo. ... More


Epilogue: From Wartime Techno-Fascism to Postwar Managerialism

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This epilogue considers the favorable historical conditions for the ascendance of Japanese technocrats and their legacy in the creation of Japan's postwar democratic system. It argues that Japan's ... More


Switzerland

John L. Campbell and John A. Hall

in The Paradox of Vulnerability: States, Nationalism, and the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691163260
eISBN:
9781400887958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163260.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines how Switzerland managed the 2008 financial crisis. It first provides an overview of Switzerland's transition into a modern nation-state before discussing the institutional ... More


“All He Gave Me Was a Foot”: Black Technocrats, Richmond’s Urban Woes, and the Crisis of the Crusade for Voters

Julian Maxwell Hayter

in The Dream Is Lost: Voting Rights and the Politics of Race in Richmond, Virginia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169484
eISBN:
9780813169972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169484.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 5 describes how structural forces beyond the realm of politics led to fissures in black leadership. Urban retrenchment, rising poverty and crime, and the persistence of residential ... More


A Theory of Diffusion Through Democratic Mechanisms

Katerina Linos

in The Democratic Foundations of Policy Diffusion: How Health, Family, and Employment Laws Spread Across Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199967865
eISBN:
9780199333271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199967865.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter develops the book’s theoretical argument: it explains the mechanisms through which international law and international norms can influence domestic reforms. Existing theories in ... More


Technologies of Asian Development

Aaron Stephen Moore

in Constructing East Asia: Technology, Ideology, and Empire in Japan's Wartime Era, 1931-1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785396
eISBN:
9780804786690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785396.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the discourse around technology as it circulated among engineers and technology bureaucrats. Through an analysis of the writings and policies of Miyamoto Takenosuke, a ... More


Reforging the Russian State

Chris Miller

in Putinomics: Power and Money in Resurgent Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469640662
eISBN:
9781469640679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640662.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The persistent weakness of Russia’s state institutions was a major cause of the tumult of the 1990s. Yeltsin and his ministers took important steps to bolster government effectiveness, but the ... More


Knowing Growth

Scott O’Bryan

in The Growth Idea: Purpose and Prosperity in Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832827
eISBN:
9780824870621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832827.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the rise of growth theory within the academy and economic agencies of Japan in the 1950s and how its analytical power prompted historians and economists to reevaluate both ... More


Planning a Technological Nation: Systems Thinking and the Politics of National Identity in Postwar France

Gabrielle Hecht

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main focus of this chapter is addressing two questions pointing to the importance of a deeper and more complex consideration of the comparison between systems thinking and how we currently ... More


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