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Conclusions on the Terminology

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter indicates that the phrase ‘common sense’ probably has not yet crystallized into a technical term with Aristotle. Nevertheless, there can be little doubt that, owing to Aristotle, it ... More


An Overall Picture of Jesus' Teaching

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter emphasizes the originality of Jesus’ ethical teaching, obscured by the use of complex analytical terms (such as nonviolence, nonretaliation, compassion, kindness, tolerance, hypocrisy, ... More


Transforming the 20th Century:: Debts and Advances

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical progress in the 20th century was based on the unprecedented technical advances that took place during the two pre-WWI generations (1867-1914). All of these fundamental and lasting ... More


Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries

Christopher Pollitt, Xavier Girre, Jeremy Lonsdale, Robert Mul, Hilkka Summa, and Marit Waerness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296003
eISBN:
9780191685170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296003.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Performance audit is now in fashion, but has in the past been a somewhat closed world, little studied by outsiders. Now an international team of researchers has studied the work of five national ... More


New Realities and Counterintuitive Worlds:: Accomplishments and Concerns

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical advances based on unprecedented levels of energy use brought a new phenomenon of mass consumption as well as many obvious gains in the typical quality of life. However, they have not ... More


A New Era or an Ephemeral Phenomenon?: Outlook for Technical Civilization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

While the accomplishments of (and the existing problems with) 20th century ingenuity are clear, their implications for the future are highly contested as techno-optimists clash with critics of ... More


Theoretical Approaches to New Public Management

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

New public management–the new discipline that serves as an intellectual basis for public management reform–is far from constituting a unified intellectual field. New public management ... More


The Kuznets Curve: Yesterday and Tomorrow

Thomas Piketty

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Kuznets curve hypothesis has been one of the most debated issues in development economics since the mid-1950s. In a nutshell, the hypothesis simply states that income inequality should follow an ... More


Manager‐Academic Identities, Practices, and Careers in the Contemporary University

Rosemary Deem, Sam Hillyard, and Mike Reed

in Knowledge, Higher Education, and the New Managerialism: The Changing Management of UK Universities

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199265909
eISBN:
9780191708602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265909.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter explores how the sedimentation of varieties of New Managerialism have suffused the accounts of manager-academics about their work, roles, and identities. It considers the two models of ... More


The Governance of Work Systems

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Comparative studies of work, organization, management, human resources, and industrial relation in Germany — according to methodologically rigorous standards of international comparison — have been ... More


Americanization: Ideology or Process? The Case of the United States Technical Assistance and Productivity Programme

Jacqueline McGlade

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the New Left argument that the Marshall Plan evolved out of the corporatist framework of American foreign economic policy-making set before the Second World War. It also ... More


Systems Integration and the Social Solution of Technical Problems in Complex Systems

Stephen. B Johnson

in The Business of Systems Integration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263233
eISBN:
9780191718847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263233.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

As has been shown in books such as Charles Perrow's Normal Accidents, it is difficult to build reliable complex technologies. The primary reasons revolve around the communication of deep and ... More


The Role of Technical Standards in Coordinating the Division of Labour in Complex System Industries

W. Edward Steinmueller

in The Business of Systems Integration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263233
eISBN:
9780191718847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263233.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines alternative theories of the technical compatibility standard-setting process as a means of coordinating component and sub-system suppliers in complex product systems industries, ... More


Presence of Wholesale and Retail Industries in the American Economy

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the size, form, presence, and role of wholesale and retail industries over the last half century in America. The chapter provides both an economic and business description of ... More


War and Economic Growth

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The relationship between war and economic development has been controversial in economic history. During the Cold War, defense and defense-related research and development were criticized as a burden ... More


The Socio-technical Nature of Information Systems Innovation

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the relationship of information systems innovation and organizational context, substantiating theoretically the position that technology innovation is inseparable from the ... More


Computer-Co and Electric-Co: The Pursuit of Design and Development Capabilities

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter considers a firm exceptional among Japanese inward investors in its systematic commitment to local design and development capabilities. The Japanese parent company bought a local firm ... More


The Great Inheritance

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

No other period in history has brought so many fundamental technical advances in such a short period of time. This Age of Synergy (1867-1914) saw a rapid introduction of science-based innovations, ... More


Closing Commentary: implications for capacity

Aster Haregot

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One of the largest challenges in improving the quality of early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies is service provider capacity. Often, programs cannot be implemented because of ... More


The Chinese Arms Embargo Affair

Nicola Casarini

in Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe-China Relations and its Implications for East Asia and the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199560073
eISBN:
9780191721168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560073.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the debate surrounding the proposal — (officially put forward in Autumn 2003) to lift the EU arms embargo imposed on China in June 1989, after the crackdown on students in ... More


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