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The Governance of Work Systems

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Comparative studies of work, organization, management, human resources, and industrial relation in Germany — according to methodologically rigorous standards of international comparison — have been ... More


The Kuznets Curve: Yesterday and Tomorrow

Thomas Piketty

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Kuznets curve hypothesis has been one of the most debated issues in development economics since the mid-1950s. In a nutshell, the hypothesis simply states that income inequality should follow an ... More


War and Economic Growth

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The relationship between war and economic development has been controversial in economic history. During the Cold War, defense and defense-related research and development were criticized as a burden ... More


Learning and Productivity Change in Developing Countries *

Gerald K. Helleiner (ed.)

in Trade Policy, Industrialization, and Development: New Perspectives

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283591
eISBN:
9780191684456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283591.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on learning and technical change in manufacturing. It examines some of the major findings on firm-level technical change in less-developed country (LDC) manufacturing and ... More


Computers and Labour Markets: International Evidence

FRANCIS KRAMARZ

in Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth: International Evidence and Implications for Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243983
eISBN:
9780191697319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243983.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The consequences of utilizing computers for the labour market has changed over time because of how computers have become rapidly dispersed and easily available. Compared to how computers were ... More


In Search of Dynamic Capabilities: The Origins of R&D Competence in Biopharmaceuticals

Gary P. Pisano

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248544
eISBN:
9780191596155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248540.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter seeks to shed some light on the issue of creating firms’ unique organizational capabilities by reporting the findings of an in‐depth, field‐based, longitudinal analysis of the evolution ... More


Modeling Producer Behavior

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Production functions in many CGE models use a nest of CES functions which imposes a strong assumption about substitution patterns. Here we describe the implementation of a more flexible translog ... More


Brains Not Brawn

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Thanks to globalization, the United States along with the other developed economies has eclipsed her glory days and is on the way to managing decline. This chapter questions: is the best the managed ... More


Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture: An Indian Case Study

V. K. Ramachandran

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286479
eISBN:
9780191684524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286479.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book addresses the question of how it is that so much growth and technical change can take place in agriculture and yet leave the position of agricultural labourers relatively unchanged. Much ... More


Intranational Trade Costs, Reallocation, and Technical Change: Evidence from a Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Reform

Mark Brown, Shon M. Ferguson, and Crina Viju-Miljusevic

in Agricultural Productivity and Producer Behavior

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226619804
eISBN:
9780226619941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619941.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The 1995 removal of a railway transportation subsidy for exports of grains from Western Canada led to large aggregate changes in technology adoption and land use. We decompose the impact of the ... More


Policy Evaluation

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents the simulation results for five increasingly aggressive carbon tax regimes covering all greenhouse gas emissions. Major fiscal reform is viewed from a tax perspective involving ... More


Spillover, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007

Edward Wolff

in Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646685
eISBN:
9780191748998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter speculates that technological spillover effects may have become more important over time as information technology (IT) penetrated the US economy. The rationale is that IT may speed up ... More


Capitalism, Socialism, and Technical Progress

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter begins by listing 111 revolutionary new products that have emerged since 1917, the same period as the birth of the Soviet Union. Out of the 111 innovations, about 25–30 are related to ... More


Taxation and the Sources of Growth: Estimates from U.S. Multinational Corporations

Jason G. Cummins

in International Taxation and Multinational Activity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226341736
eISBN:
9780226341750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226341750.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Numerous careful studies of productivity have been made at the firm level. None of these studies, however, focus on multinational corporations (MNCs) in the United States despite their important role ... More


Conclusions

Francesco Caselli

in Technology Differences over Space and Time

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691146027
eISBN:
9781400883608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146027.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter concludes that the book has presented evidence showing that technology and technical change are more flexible than generally allowed. The efficiency of different factors changes across ... More


High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Nonroutine-Biased Technical Change

Nir Jaimovich and Henry E. Siu

in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226525525
eISBN:
9780226525662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525662.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Immigration has constituted an important source of growth in high-skilled employment, innovation, and productivity in the U.S. during the past 35 years. In this chapter, we study the role of this ... More


The Medium Is the Message, or How Context Matters: The Rand Corporation Builds an Economics of Innovation, 1946–1962

David A. Hounshell

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter documents and analyzes the development within RAND of a body of pioneering literature in what has come to be known as the economics of technical change. Although undertaken in the 1950s ... More


Finance and Slow Growth during the Industrial Revolution

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reviews recent research on Britain's Industrial revolution, showing that the presumed rate of economic growth during this economic watershed has been reduced progressively by several ... More


Structure of the Intertemporal General Equilibrium Model

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the IGEM in detail – the demand and supply sides of the economy, the inter-industry (input-output) structure and the determination of intertemporal equilibrium. The production ... More


Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for Future US GDP Growth

Charles R. Hulten and Valerie A. Ramey (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226567808
eISBN:
9780226567945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226567945.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The growth in future US living standards will likely depend significantly on the evolution in the “knowledge” economy. This may require a parallel transformation in worker skills in order to ... More


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