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Teacher Power: Black Teachers and the Politics of Representation

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

in Political Education: Black Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646589
eISBN:
9781469647173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Black educators’ growth from an insurgent group of teachers in the 1960s into a powerful political base of the coalition that elected the first Black mayor of Chicago in 1983. ... More


Building a “New Social Order”: Teachers, Teacher Unions, and Equity in the Great Depression

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter describes the start of the black civil rights movement for equal education in Harlem, which had a significant impact on teacher unionism. It is observed that in the 1930s both the ... More


Organizing the Oppressed Teacher: Teachers' Rights in the Cold War

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the transformation of the teacher unions between 1950 and 1960 that came about due to teacher assignment campaigns. Organizations such as the Urban League and various parent ... More


From Teachers' Rights to Teacher Power

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explains teacher union campaigns in 1970 and 1980 and states that they were a product of visible efforts towards school reform on the part of black parents and a publicly responsive ... More


“A New era of Labor Relations”: Teachers and the Public-Sector Labor Problem

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter outlines the parameters of the “public sector labor problem.” When private sector unions grew powerful after World War II, public employees organized for similar rights. In many states ... More


“An Educator's Commitment”: Professionalism and Civil Rights in the 1960s

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter elaborates upon the simultaneous changes in unionists' conceptions of teachers' rights and black New Yorkers' strategies to improve their neighborhood schools. This culminated in the ... More


Muscular Democracy: Teachers and the War on Prejudice, 1940–1950

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explains the start of the race progress efforts of teachers in 1942 and the ways in which other union policies regarding schools and race were influenced by these efforts. The aftermarth ... More


“Who is Going to Run the Schools?” Teacher Strikes and the Urban Crises of 1972–73

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter chronicles a wave of contentious teacher strikes in 1972-73 and shows that teacher unions’ collective bargaining efforts clashed with the limited budgets of many of the nation’s largest ... More


The “Fed-up Taxpayer”: St. Louis, Philadelphia, and the Eclipse of the Labor-Liberal Coalition

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter chronicles the new reality faced by urban teacher unions after the emergence of austerity regimes in many American cities. It charts teacher strikes in St. Louis (1979) and Philadelphia ... More


Teacher Power, Black Power, and the fracturing of Labor Liberalism

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter chronicles the growing conflict between the Black Power movement—an extension of the civil rights movement seeking the formation of black political and community institutions—and ... More


To be a Good American: The New York City Teachers Union and Race During the Second World War

Clarence Taylor

in Civil Rights in New York City: From World War II to the Giuliani Era

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823232895
eISBN:
9780823240876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823232895.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

The New York City Teachers Union (TU) highlighted the Quinn affair in its weekly publication, New York Teacher News, by placing the episode into a wartime context. The Quinn incident was not simply ... More


Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Jon Shelton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Historians have sought for some time to understand why the labor-liberal coalition’s political influence declined and how the right instituted a conservative revolution in the 1970s and 80s in the ... More


The Struggle for Status

Campbell F. Scribner

in The Fight for Local Control: Schools, Suburbs, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501700804
eISBN:
9781501704116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700804.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter analyzes the rise of teachers' unions outside of metropolitan boundaries. As teachers and administrators began to demand tenure protection, rights of collective bargaining, and ... More


Crusading for Civil Rights

Clarence Taylor

in Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152693
eISBN:
9780231526487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152693.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the New York City Teachers Union's (TU) campaigns to eliminate racist and bigoted textbooks from classrooms, hire more black teachers, and promote Black History Month. By the ... More


Teachers and Children

Mary McAuley

in Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219828
eISBN:
9780191678387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219828.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The teachers' political hostility to the Bolsheviks was evidenced by their union's proclamation and their strike action. Although by the end of January 1918 a majority had voted for working with the ... More


Communist Front?: The TU During the Popular Front Era

Clarence Taylor

in Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152693
eISBN:
9780231526487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152693.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers the claim by New York City Teachers Union (TU) opponents and some scholars that the main objective of the Communist-controlled union was not to protect the interest of teachers ... More


Chicago Teachers: Building a Resilient Union

Jane F. McAlevey

in No Shortcuts: Organizing for Power in the New Gilded Age

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190624712
eISBN:
9780190624743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624712.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyzes the history of the Chicago Teachers Union (CTU) during the quarter century from 1988 to the union’s recent strike in 2012. It shows the CTU’s slow but steady decline from a ... More


The Pittsburgh Teacher Strike of 1975–76 and the Crisis of the Labor-Liberal Coalition

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter documents the nation’s longest and most contentious teacher strike in the immediate wake of the New York City fiscal crisis of 1975, after which New York and many other cities were ... More


Conclusion: Moving beyond Rights?: Teacher Professionalism and Civil Rights in the Era of No Child Left Behind

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter outlines the recent efforts that teacher unions have made to address the quality of education in minority schools, the limits they have faced in their efforts, and the ways in which the ... More


From Labor Liberalism to Neoliberalism

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter introduces the reader to the phenomenon of teacher strikes in the US between the mid-1960s and the early 1980s. It argues that contentious conflicts over urban public education brought ... More


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