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Selling Vodka: The Tax Farm—Structure, Metabolism, and Ecology

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

If the tavern was the cell of the liquor trade in Russia during the nineteenth century, the tax farm was the organism. And while in the history of tax farming, as in that of living creatures, there ... More


Selling Vodka: The Tax Farmers

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

What was the nature and influence of the tax farm ‘interest’ in Russia during the 19th century? This chapter looks at the tax farmers themselves as a group of entrepreneurs and explores the extent ... More


Upper Class Protest—Press Attacks on the Tax Farm

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When Nicholas I died in February 1835, he left a world that still belonged to Nikolai Gogol. Much in this world still smacked of Muscovy, not least its taverns, its distilleries, and its vodka ... More


Taxing Vodka—The Government's Share

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Taxes, like commercial profits, are a form of revenue — a way in which wealth is transferred to social and political elites. The essential similarity of private and public revenues is particularly ... More


‘Killing the Hundred-Headed Hydra’: The Abolition of Tax Farming

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

On paper, the Russian government had been committed to the abolition of tax farming since the late 1840s. And Alexander II, who had already accepted the challenge of abolishing serfdom, was in a mood ... More


The Revenue Laws Papyrus: Greek Tradition and Hellenistic Adaptation

Jean Bingen

in Hellenistic Egypt: Monarchy, Society, Economy, Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748615780
eISBN:
9780748670727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The “Revenue Laws” of Ptolemy II Philadelphos are a cluster of 7-8 ordinances, collected in two related but separate papyrus rolls found in the late nineteenth century and usually treated as if they ... More


Working Class Protest: Smashing Taverns

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In May 1859, the vodka protests in Russia turned violent. There were attacks on taverns in town after town in Pensa province, mainly during local markets. The movement spread West to neighbouring ... More


Working Class Protest: Boycotting Vodka

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

At first the working class assault on the tax farm, which began in September 1858, was peaceful and disciplined, taking the form of organized boycotts of vodka. In September 1858, consumers in the ... More


Introduction

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Since the 16th century, vodka has not merely been a source of pleasure and even of spiritual and religious experience, but has also circulated vast quantities of wealth through the long-suffering ... More


Traditional and Modern Drinking Cultures

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the uses of vodka in Russian society during the 19th century — the needs it satisfied in working class life, and the ways in which these shaped the level of demand. These ... More


The Use and Abuse of Tax Farming

James Tan

in Power and Public Finance at Rome, 264-49 BCE

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190639570
eISBN:
9780190639600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190639570.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The use of private tax collectors was not unique to Rome. What was unusual, however, was that Rome relied on contractors to collect so many revenues, including direct taxes. Rome employed contractors ... More


Ottoman Tax Farming and the Greek Orthodox Church

Tom Papademetriou

in Render unto the Sultan: Power, Authority, and the Greek Orthodox Church in the Early Ottoman Centuries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198717898
eISBN:
9780191787362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717898.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter compares and contrasts the ecclesiastical tax farm with the principles of Ottoman tax farming, in general. It considers why the needs of the Ottoman state made tax farming desirable, and ... More


Inheritances

Gerard Sasges

in Imperial Intoxication: Alcohol and the Making of Colonial Indochina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824866884
eISBN:
9780824876883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866884.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Indochina’s alcohol regime was shaped by two crucial inheritances. One was the institution of the tax farm, which allowed officials to raise revenue while consolidating a co-dependent relationship ... More


“Politicall Science and Martiall Prudence”: Political Thought and Political Economy

Philip J. Stern

in The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393736
eISBN:
9780199896837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393736.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter investigates the ideological foundations of the policies, institutions, and behaviors of the East India Company in the later part of the seventeenth century. It shows that Company ... More


Render unto the Sultan: Power, Authority, and the Greek Orthodox Church in the Early Ottoman Centuries

Tom Papademetriou

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198717898
eISBN:
9780191787362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717898.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

The received wisdom about the nature of the Greek Orthodox Church in the Ottoman Empire is that Sultan Mehmed II re-established the Patriarchate of Constantinople as both a political and a religious ... More


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