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A Tale of Two Tax Cuts

Benjamin C. Waterhouse

in Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149165
eISBN:
9781400848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149165.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter analyzes how the interlocking problems of taxation and the federal budget set the stage for the contentious politics of business in the 1980s. During the Reagan administration, ... More


Inflation Adjustments

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Discusses on the impact of income tax structure. It is widely acknowledged that the major goal of tax reductions was to adjust for the heavier tax burdens arising from inflation; at least it was true ... More


Two Strategies of Postwar Tax Policy

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Sheds light on the strategies traditionally adopted by the Japanese government concerning tax policy during the post‐war period of 1960s and 1970s.


Effects of Income Tax Changes on Economic Growth

William G. Gale and Andrew A. Samwick

in The Economics of Tax Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190619725
eISBN:
9780190619756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619725.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines how changes to the individual income tax affect long-term economic growth. The structure and financing of a tax change are critical to achieving economic growth. Tax rate cuts ... More


Ford’s 1975 State of the Union Program

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123493
eISBN:
9780813134956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123493.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines former U.S. President Gerald Ford's 1975 State of the Union Address. In this speech, Ford first introduced his new energy program, then explained his plan to fight unemployment. ... More


The Temporary Triumph of Estate Tax Repeal

Isaac William Martin

in Rich People's Movements: Grassroots Campaigns to Untax the One Percent

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199928996
eISBN:
9780199367733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928996.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The campaign to eliminate the federal estate tax revived in the mid-1990 under the leadership of skilled movement entrepreneurs who had experience in previous rich people’s movements. The most ... More


Nurturing Economic Growth and the Values of American Democracy

Norton Garfinkle (ed.)

in Uniting America: Restoring the Vital Center to American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108569
eISBN:
9780300133189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108569.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

Economic growth and democratic values are intertwined. Economic life and the pursuit of wealth must complement the core values essential to maintaining a healthy civic society. However, this ... More


The Federal Budget: Faith-Based Economics

Tom Allen

in Dangerous Convictions: What's Really Wrong with the U.S. Congress

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199931989
eISBN:
9780190252687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199931989.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter addresses the budget and tax issues that have raised the most baffling question for Democratic members of Congress: “Do these guys believe what they say?” The Republicans' apparent ... More


Neutralizing the Adverse Industry Impacts of CO2 Abatement Policies: What Does It Cost?

A. Lans Bovenberg and Lawrence H. Goulder

in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226094816
eISBN:
9780226094809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094809.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the distributional impacts of various CO2 abatement policies in the United States in terms of their impacts on profits and equity values for the industries supplying fossil ... More


Sowing the Wind: The Early Johnson Years

Robert P. Bremner

in Chairman of the Fed: William McChesney Martin Jr., and the Creation of the Modern American Financial System

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300105087
eISBN:
9780300127799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300105087.003.0010
Subject:
History, Economic History

Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the presidency when John F. Kennedy was assassinated, a change that raised a lot of questions for Federal Reserve System Chairman William McChesney Martin Jr. and other ... More


The Agenda

Doug Rossinow

in The Reagan Era: A History of the 1980s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169882
eISBN:
9780231538657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169882.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Reagan’s policy agenda. Cutting income taxes for Americans, especially for wealthy Americans and beefing up the country’s military were the twin pillars of his 1980 platform. ... More


Erhard as Economics Director in Bizone

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights and discuses Erhard's efforts and endeavours as economic director of the Bizone in stabilizing the economic crisis. Erhard was of the view that a currency reform without an ... More


Starving the Beast

David Stoesz

in Building Better Social Programs: How Evidence Is Transforming Public Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190945572
eISBN:
9780190945602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945572.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The evolution of the Chicago school of economics and public choice theory provided an alternative to Keynesian economics, which had served as the basis for financing the welfare state. Accordingly, ... More


The Politics of Aging

Alex Waddan

in Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency: A Tale of Two Terms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627400
eISBN:
9780748671946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Under President George W. Bush, the White House had been ambitious in its earlier years as it sought to redraw the contours of domestic policy. The tax cuts of 2001 and 2003, the No Child Left Behind ... More


Two Can Play at That Game

Robert P. Saldin

in When Bad Policy Makes Good Politics: Running the Numbers on Health Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190255435
eISBN:
9780190255466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190255435.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

While the CLASS saga offers a prime example of how the contemporary policymaking rules incentivize the development of deceptive policy, it is far from an anomaly. The tendency for reform-based rules ... More


Introduction: A Tale of Two Terms

Andrew Wroe and Jon Herbert

in Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency: A Tale of Two Terms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627400
eISBN:
9780748671946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

George W. Bush left office as president of the United States on January 20, 2009. Americans, in a multitude of different polls, consistently rated him as one of the country's worst post-war ... More


First a Dream: Reagan

Harold H. Bruff

in Untrodden Ground: How Presidents Interpret the Constitution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226211107
eISBN:
9780226211244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226211244.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Ronald Reagan realigned American politics in pursuit of his romantic vision of traditional American values. By increasing defense spending while cutting taxes, he incurred soaring deficits that ... More


Financial Crisis Origin

Padma Desai

in From Financial Crisis to Global Recovery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157865
eISBN:
9780231527743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157865.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the housing bubble phenomenon that led to the economic recession in the United States from 2007 to 2009. The first phase, from 2001 to 2004, was characterized by the ... More


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