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Traditional Criteria of Tax Equity

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Traditional analyses of tax justice demand that the distribution of tax burdens satisfy criteria of vertical and horizontal equity–like cases should be treated alike and relevantly different cases ... More


Corporate Tax Levels and Tax Incentives

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Gives an overview of tax incentive policies, paying much attention to the role played by the government in light of the special tax measures for corporation. Also, the tax burden of the corporate ... More


A Government for Free

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Shows how the Federalists responded to the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, thereby creating an understanding of the kind of state that was ... More


The Federalists and the Uses of Fiscal Powers

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Offers brief sketches of the institutionalization of the military and fiscal powers granted by the US Constitution, and of the uses made of them by the Federalists in the 1790s. Gives an outline of ... More


Inheritance and Gift Taxes

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Deal with the tax issues on estate transfer, bequests and gifts, which are considered to be appropriate objects of taxation. The structural features of the Japanese inheritance and gifts taxes are ... More


General Characteristics of the Tax System

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Provides an overview of Japan's tax development, dating back to the pre‐war period with a brief explanation of general characteristics that are thought to be of basic importance to understand the ... More


The Venetian Milch-Cow

DAVID LAVEN

in Venice and Venetia under the Habsburgs: 1815-1835

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205746
eISBN:
9780191717147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205746.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

One of the chief criticisms of Austrian rule voiced by Risorgimento propagandists and echoed by subsequent historians is that it was fiscally exploitative of Venetia. This chapter questions the ... More


Welfare and Income Inequality

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter reviews what has happened to welfare spending and inequality in the OECD countries since 1980. A central question is whether the heightened international competition involved in ... More


The Informal Sector in Developing Countries: Output, Assets, and Employment

Sangeeta Pratap and Erwan Quintin

in Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548880
eISBN:
9780191720765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This study documents four key facts about informal economic activities: (1) the size of the informal sector varies greatly across nations; (2) this size is strongly correlated with economic ... More


Financial Contributions

Atle L. Wold

in Scotland and the French Revolutionary War, 1792-1802

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474403313
eISBN:
9781474415965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403313.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

What did Scotland contribute in terms of financial support for the war effort, and did the Scots pay their ‘fair share’ of taxes in the 1790s? This chapter addresses the question of Scotland’s ... More


Chamber Voice from the Corn Laws to the Twenty-First Century

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter combines a full analysis of the Parliamentary Papers archive, giving an overview of all chamber parliamentary lobby activity, with detailed assessments of the main campaigns. It shows ... More


Tynedale: A Community in Transition, 1296–c. 1400

Keith Stringer

in Border Liberties and Loyalties: North-East England, c. 1200 to c. 1400

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632787
eISBN:
9780748651405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632787.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Under the good lordship of the kings of Scots the liberty of Tynedale played a self-assured and potent role as a focus for the organisation of government, loyalty and community. Yet ... More


Policy Battles Over Responsibility

Mark D. Brewer and Jeffrey M. Stonecash

in Polarization and the Politics of Personal Responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190239817
eISBN:
9780190239848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239817.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The growing division about personal responsibility has become the basis for partisan conflicts and policy battles involving appropriate tax levels and how much various groups should pay, welfare ... More


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