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What Difference does a Job Make? The Income Consequences of Joblessness in Europe

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines replacement rates across Europe using an integrated European tax-benefit model. It is argued that the household context must be taken into account when comparing measures of ... More


Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal

A. B. Atkinson

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292166
eISBN:
9780191595875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292163.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The book provides an introduction to the key ideas of public economics. For this purpose, it takes as a case study the proposal for a basic income financed by a flat tax on all income. This radical ... More


Lone Mothers, Economic Well‐Being, and Policies

Majella Kilkey and Jonathan Bradshaw

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the impact of policies on the economic well‐being of lone mothers. The authors present trends on the growing prevalence of lone mothers across 21 OECD countries and the routes to solo ... More


Tax‐Benefit Models

A. B. Atkinson

in Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292166
eISBN:
9780191595875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292163.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

An important development in recent years has been the construction of numerical tax‐benefit models. These models allow researchers to calculate the impact of complex changes in the tax and social ... More


Poverty, inequality and redistribution

Sefton Tom, Hills John, and Sutherland Holly

in Towards a more equal society?: Poverty, inequality and policy since 1997

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422026
eISBN:
9781447304036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422026.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter sets the scene for the rest of the book by examining the evidence on income poverty and income inequality. The assessment includes the results of micro-simulation, which allows one to ... More


Criteria for a Benefits System: Coherence and Administrative Simplicity

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter begins a series of four which evaluate both a Citizen's Income and the current tax and benefits structure against a series of seven criteria for a good tax and benefits structure. ... More


The Regulation of Interest Groups and Public Benefit Organizations: The Operation Stage

Nicole Bolleyer

in The State and Civil Society: Regulating Interest Groups, Parties, and Public Benefit Organizations in Contemporary Democracies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758587
eISBN:
9780191818509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758587.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a detailed empirical assessment of cross-country variation in the regulation of interest groups and public benefit organizations in the operation stage—covering the regulation ... More


Tax Benefits for College Attendance

Susan Dynarski and Judith Scott-Clayton

in The Economics of Tax Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190619725
eISBN:
9780190619756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619725.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

National efforts to promote college enrollment are increasingly delivered through tax-based assistance, including tax credits and deductions for tuition and fees, tax-advantaged college savings ... More


Canada: Taking Children Off Welfare

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 4 examines how Canadian policymakers’ renewed promise to tackle child poverty translated into the Child Tax Benefit, the nonrefundable Child Tax Credit, and the Working Income Tax Benefit. ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Stephen P. Jenkins

in Changing Fortunes: Income Mobility and Poverty Dynamics in Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199226436
eISBN:
9780191728457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226436.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter draws together the main themes and lessons of the book referring in turn to concepts, research findings and policy implications, data and measures, and modelling approaches. It proposes ... More


Policy and Poverty in Seven European Union Countries in the Lisbon Decade: The Contribution of Tax−Benefit Policy Changes

John Hills, Alari Paulus, Holly Sutherland, and Iva Tasseva

in Decent Incomes for All: Improving Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190849696
eISBN:
9780190849726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849696.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines the extent to which tax and benefit policy changes introduced in the period 2001−2011 had poverty- or inequality-reducing effects. The analysis uses the tax−benefit model ... More


New York Film Production Unions Enter the Political Arena in Search of Tax Subsidies

Maria Figueroa and Lois S. Gray

in Unions and the City: Negotiating Urban Change

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501706547
eISBN:
9781501712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501706547.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explains how labor's preference for tax incentives is conditioned by the highly concentrated ownership structure, flexible production system, and fragmented bargaining relations that ... More


Tax Benefits and Benefit Taxes

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues regarding the distribution and costs of Social Security benefits. Since the passage of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), much of the policy dialogue ... More


The Case for a Progressive Benefits Tax

Barbara H. Fried

in Taxation: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199609222
eISBN:
9780191862878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199609222.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Libertarians have long argued for a “benefits tax,” which sets tax rates to approximate the shadow market price for the public goods each taxpayer consumes. Libertarians have assumed that because ... More


The End of Cheap Talk About Poverty Reduction: The Cost of Closing the Poverty Gap While Maintaining Work Incentives

Diego Collado, Bea Cantillon, Karel Van den Bosch, Tim Goedemé, and Dieter Vandelannoote

in Decent Incomes for All: Improving Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190849696
eISBN:
9780190849726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849696.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

Available evidence suggests that social investment and employment strategies are important but not sufficient for poverty reduction. Thus, European Union countries must not only develop effective ... More


Divided We Fall? The Wider Consequences of High and Unrelenting Inequality in the Uk*

Abigail McKnight and Tiffany Tsang

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Inequality in the UK increased dramatically over the 1980s. Since the early 1990s high levels of inequality have become entrenched and while government policy has had some success in protecting ... More


Poverty, Inequality, and Policy in Latin America

Stephan Klasen and Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113243
eISBN:
9780262255400
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113243.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

High inequality in incomes and assets and persistent poverty continue to plague Latin America and remain a central economic policy challenge for Latin American policymakers. At the same time, ... More


Combating Gender Earnings Disparities

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that child care support does not simply enable women to maintain employment, it also makes it sensible for many working mothers to enroll in job training and educational programs ... More


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