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Soft-Assembled Mechanisms for the Unified Theory

Heidi Kloos and Guy C. Van Orden

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that connectionist and dynamic systems models complement each other and collectively move toward a unified theory of development if they subscribe to the second view of ... More


Collaboration

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter focuses on how people collaborate in various kinds of multi-user virtual environments. It begins by reviewing findings on distributed work and findings about problems in collaborating in ... More


Emphasis Change as a Training Protocol for High-Demand Tasks

Daniel Gopher

in Attention: From Theory to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305722
eISBN:
9780199847723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Emphasis change is a training protocol under which subjects are required, during training, to change systematically their emphasis, effort, attention allocation policy (these terms are used ... More


The attentional blink and task switching within and across modalities

Marvine M. Chun and Mary C. Potter

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The visual attentional blink (AB) effect represents a limit in the speed with which visual targets—which are vulnerable to masking — can be consolidated into working memory or awareness: a second ... More


The Aging of Executive Functions

Karen Daniels Jeffrey and Toth Larry Jacoby

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As with most cognitive abilities, executive functions have been operationalized in terms of task performance, although the specific tasks employed have differed in neuropsychology and cognitive ... More


Attending to emerging representations: the importance of task context and time of response

Amelia R. Hunt, Wieske van Zoest, and Alan Kingstone

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines human attention as indexed by the time-to-respond-to-stimulus events and evaluates the use of this behavioural metric. It discusses the limitations of using reaction time (RT) ... More


Age-related Differences in the Speed of Executive Control

Paul Verhaeghen

in The Elements of Cognitive Aging: Meta-Analyses of Age-Related Differences in Processing Speed and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195368697
eISBN:
9780199369171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368697.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The meta-analyses presented in this chapter lead to two empirical conclusions. First, at the level of absolute age differences—the level older adults deal with in their daily lives, and also the ... More


Performance criteria and drivers in cooperative ventures

John Child, David Faulkner, Stephen Tallman, and Linda Hsieh

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198814634
eISBN:
9780191852374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814634.003.0023
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Chapter 23 examines performance in cooperative ventures, a complex issue. The question of performance must be addressed from at least three perspectives; those of the two or more parents and the ... More


Controlling the Wandering Mind: Spontaneous Thought Content Suggests Compensation for Cognitive Decline

Dayna R. Touron

in Multiple Pathways of Cognitive Aging: Motivational and Contextual Influences

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197528976
eISBN:
9780197554944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528976.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Older adults typically report less mind wandering compared to young adults, both in responses to thought probes that interrupt laboratory tasks and in experience sampling studies during everyday ... More


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