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Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Jan-Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This book presents comprehensive political, social and economic statistics on the 24 OECD countries. The book is divided into two main sections. The first section features comparative tables covering ... More


Introduction

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the purpose of this book. It then presents an overview of statistics on OECD countries. The rationale behind the authors’ decisions on ... More


Truth-operations

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

From a single proposition p we form its negation not-p. From two propositions p and q we form various further propositions, e.g., p or q, p and q, etc.; similarly (though less often) with three or ... More


The rise and rise of the spreadsheet

Martin Campbell-Kelly

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical table, as a paper-based artefact, is close to the end of its technological life. Tables had two main uses — as a calculating aid (such as a logarithm table) and as a data storage ... More


The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Martin Campbell-Kelly, Mary Croarken, Raymond Flood, and Eleanor Robson (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The oldest known mathematical table was found in the ancient Sumerian city of Shuruppag in southern Iraq. Since then, tables have been an important feature of mathematical activity; table making and ... More


INTRODUCTION

M. Campbell-Kelly, M. Croarken, R. Flood, and E. Robson

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the four periods in the history of table making. It then discusses types of tables, communities of table makers and users, and making ... More


Table making by committee: British table makers 1871–1965

Mary Croarken

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The British Association for the Advancement of Science was established in 1831 to promote the public understanding of science, an activity in which it is still has an important role today. By the ... More


Table making for the relief of labour

David Alan Grier

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the Mathematical Tables Project, which was created by the Work Projects Administration (WPA), a government agency that attempted to create jobs for ‘employable workers’. Over ... More


History of actuarial tables

Christopher Lewin and Margaret De Valois

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Actuaries make financial sense of the future by combining techniques of risk and finance. The actuarial profession was formed in 1848 but long before then mathematicians were producing tables in ... More


The computation factory: de Prony's project for making tables in the 1790s

Ivor Grattan-Guinness

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

A large set of logarithmic and trigonometric tables was produced at the end of the 18th century under the direction of Gaspard Riche de Prony. Although they were completed in 1801, their size made ... More


The Income Concept

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The definition of income in developed and developing countries is introduced. The use of household sample surveys to gather information on income distribution is discussed as well as the derived ... More


Country Comparisons

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More


Change in Intergenerational Class Mobility in France from the 1970s to the 1990s and its Explanation: An Analysis Following the CASMIN Approach

Louis-André Vallet

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

There has been a progressive opening up in the mobility regime in France from the start of the seventies. It is apparent in both men’s mobility and women’s mobility, is also revealed by an analysis ... More


How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain

Leah Price

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691114170
eISBN:
9781400842186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691114170.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book asks how our culture came to frown on using books for any purpose other than reading. When did the coffee-table book become an object of scorn? Why did law courts forbid witnesses to kiss ... More


Categorical Data Analysis: Log‐Linear and Latent Class Models

Allan McCutcheon and Colin Mills

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the basic regression model to the analysis of contingency tables, using odds and odds ratios. The worked example shows how log‐linear and latent class techniques can be assimilated into a ... More


The European Union

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents statistics on the European Union. It features tables on member state resources, expenditures, budget, institutions, election turnout, composition of the European Parliament, ... More


The making of astronomical tables in HM Nautical Almanac Office

George A. Wilkins

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter traces the history of the preparation of nautical almanacs. Topics covered include early procedures for preparing the Nautical Almanac; the computational work of the Nautical Almanac ... More


Tables and tabular formatting in Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, 2500 bce–50 ce

Eleanor Robson

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the invention and evolution of the numerical table as an information storage device. This was not a one-off event, with clearly traceable consequences across an ever-widening ... More


The ‘unerring certainty of mechanical agency’: machines and table making in the nineteenth century

Doron Swade

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

When machines are mentioned in the context of table making it is their role as calculators that tends to be emphasized. The mechanization of other processes, specifically transcription, typesetting, ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


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