## Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

*Jan-Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton*

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780198280538
- eISBN:
- 9780191601934
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/019828053X.001.0001
- Subject:
- Political Science, Reference

This book presents comprehensive political, social and economic statistics on the 24 OECD countries. The book is divided into two main sections. The first section features comparative tables covering ... More

## Introduction

*Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton*

### in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780198280538
- eISBN:
- 9780191601934
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/019828053X.003.0001
- Subject:
- Political Science, Reference

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the purpose of this book. It then presents an overview of statistics on OECD countries. The rationale behind the authors’ decisions on ... More

## Truth-operations

*Michael Potter*

### in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199215836
- eISBN:
- 9780191721243
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0018
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

From a single proposition p we form its negation not-p. From two propositions p and q we form various further propositions, e.g., p or q, p and q, etc.; similarly (though less often) with three or ... More

## The rise and rise of the spreadsheet

*Martin Campbell-Kelly*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical table, as a paper-based artefact, is close to the end of its technological life. Tables had two main uses — as a calculating aid (such as a logarithm table) and as a data storage ... More

## The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

*Martin Campbell-Kelly, Mary Croarken, Raymond Flood, and Eleanor Robson (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The oldest known mathematical table was found in the ancient Sumerian city of Shuruppag in southern Iraq. Since then, tables have been an important feature of mathematical activity; table making and ... More

## INTRODUCTION

*M. Campbell-Kelly, M. Croarken, R. Flood, and E. Robson*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the four periods in the history of table making. It then discusses types of tables, communities of table makers and users, and making ... More

## Table making by committee: British table makers 1871–1965

*Mary Croarken*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The British Association for the Advancement of Science was established in 1831 to promote the public understanding of science, an activity in which it is still has an important role today. By the ... More

## Table making for the relief of labour

*David Alan Grier*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the Mathematical Tables Project, which was created by the Work Projects Administration (WPA), a government agency that attempted to create jobs for ‘employable workers’. Over ... More

## History of actuarial tables

*Christopher Lewin and Margaret De Valois*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Actuaries make financial sense of the future by combining techniques of risk and finance. The actuarial profession was formed in 1848 but long before then mathematicians were producing tables in ... More

## The computation factory: de Prony's project for making tables in the 1790s

*Ivor Grattan-Guinness*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

A large set of logarithmic and trigonometric tables was produced at the end of the 18th century under the direction of Gaspard Riche de Prony. Although they were completed in 1801, their size made ... More

## The Income Concept

*Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore*

### in Income Distribution: Includes CD

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780195300918
- eISBN:
- 9780199783441
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195300912.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The definition of income in developed and developing countries is introduced. The use of household sample surveys to gather information on income distribution is discussed as well as the derived ... More

## Country Comparisons

*Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore*

### in Income Distribution: Includes CD

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780195300918
- eISBN:
- 9780199783441
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More

## Change in Intergenerational Class Mobility in France from the 1970s to the 1990s and its Explanation: An Analysis Following the CASMIN Approach

*Louis-André Vallet*

### in Social Mobility in Europe

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- November 2004
- ISBN:
- 9780199258451
- eISBN:
- 9780191601491
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199258457.003.0005
- Subject:
- Political Science, European Union

There has been a progressive opening up in the mobility regime in France from the start of the seventies. It is apparent in both men’s mobility and women’s mobility, is also revealed by an analysis ... More

## How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain

*Leah Price*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691114170
- eISBN:
- 9781400842186
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691114170.001.0001
- Subject:
- Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book asks how our culture came to frown on using books for any purpose other than reading. When did the coffee-table book become an object of scorn? Why did law courts forbid witnesses to kiss ... More

## Categorical Data Analysis: Log‐Linear and Latent Class Models

*Allan McCutcheon and Colin Mills*

### in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

- Published in print:
- 1998
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198292371
- eISBN:
- 9780191600159
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198292376.003.0005
- Subject:
- Political Science, Reference

Extending the basic regression model to the analysis of contingency tables, using odds and odds ratios. The worked example shows how log‐linear and latent class techniques can be assimilated into a ... More

## The European Union

*Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton*

### in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780198280538
- eISBN:
- 9780191601934
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/019828053X.003.0010
- Subject:
- Political Science, Reference

This section presents statistics on the European Union. It features tables on member state resources, expenditures, budget, institutions, election turnout, composition of the European Parliament, ... More

## The making of astronomical tables in HM Nautical Almanac Office

*George A. Wilkins*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0012
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter traces the history of the preparation of nautical almanacs. Topics covered include early procedures for preparing the Nautical Almanac; the computational work of the Nautical Almanac ... More

## Tables and tabular formatting in Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, 2500 bce–50 ce

*Eleanor Robson*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the invention and evolution of the numerical table as an information storage device. This was not a one-off event, with clearly traceable consequences across an ever-widening ... More

## The ‘unerring certainty of mechanical agency’: machines and table making in the nineteenth century

*Doron Swade*

### in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508410
- eISBN:
- 9780191708831
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

When machines are mentioned in the context of table making it is their role as calculators that tends to be emphasized. The mechanization of other processes, specifically transcription, typesetting, ... More

## Population

*Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton*

### in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780198280538
- eISBN:
- 9780191601934
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
- Subject:
- Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More