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## Analysing observations

*Marian Stamp Dawkins*

### in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198569350
- eISBN:
- 9780191717512
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0008
- Subject:
- Biology, Animal Biology

Although detailed statistical analyses are beyond the scope of this book, there are some important general principles about organizing and analyzing data. Hypotheses have to be phrased in such a way ... More

## Bivariate Statistical Methods

*Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers*

### in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199764044
- eISBN:
- 9780199332533
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0004
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 4 reviews bivariate statistical methods used to determine the probability that a relationship found between two variables is based on sampling error. The focus of this review is on the ... More

## Randomized Trial

*Steve Selvin*

### in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195146189
- eISBN:
- 9780199864720
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0003
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter evaluates the results of a randomized trial conducted to test the effectiveness of an experimental treatment in slowing the pathological changes in memory caused by Alzheimer's disease. ... More

## One-Sample and Difference-of-Means Tests

*Quan Li*

### in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- March 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780190656218
- eISBN:
- 9780190656256
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0003
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates the types of questions one could ask about a continuous random variable of interest and answer using statistical inference. It provides conceptual preparation for ... More

## Multivariate Analysis of Variance: Overview and Key Concepts

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199773596
- eISBN:
- 9780199332564
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773596.003.0002
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) as a generalization of the t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The t-test is a strategy to test hypotheses about differences ... More

## Doing your Statistics in R: Getting Started

*Andrew P. Beckerman and Owen L. Petchey*

### in Getting Started with R: An introduction for biologists

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199601615
- eISBN:
- 9780191774539
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601615.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter presents a workflow for implementing and interpreting t-tests, chi-square tests, and general linear models. It begins by looking at how to implement a chi-square contingency table ... More

## Comparing Groups: Student’s t-test

*Andy Hector*

### in The New Statistics with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198729051
- eISBN:
- 9780191795855
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729051.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter re-analyses Darwin’s maize data that were introduced in Chapter 2. Here t-tests and confidence intervals are used and compared with the ANOVA approach. Confidence intervals are ... More

## Design and Analysis of Experimental Research I

*Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus*

### in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- March 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780199391905
- eISBN:
- 9780199391943
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0008
- Subject:
- Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter builds on the previous chapter by elaborating from theories of causal knowledge presented earlier to practical considerations for the design, execution, and analysis of randomized ... More

## Introducing Statistics in R

*Andrew P. Beckerman, Dylan Z. Childs, and Owen L. Petchey*

### in Getting Started with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198787839
- eISBN:
- 9780191829659
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Here we cover how to do some basic statistical tests in R, including the t-test, chi-square contingency table analysis, simple linear regression, and a one-way ANOVA. We offer a robust, reliable, and ... More

## Discrepancy to Variability

*Steven J. Osterlind*

### in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- January 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198831600
- eISBN:
- 9780191869532
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0014
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes quantification during the late nineteenth century. Then, most ordinary people were gaining an overt awareness, and probability notions were seeping into everyday conversation ... More

## Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

*Quan Li*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- March 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780190656218
- eISBN:
- 9780190656256
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190656218.001.0001
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

This book seeks to teach undergraduate and graduate students in social sciences how to use R to manage, visualize, and analyze data in order to answer substantive questions and replicate published ... More

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