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Analysing observations

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Although detailed statistical analyses are beyond the scope of this book, there are some important general principles about organizing and analyzing data. Hypotheses have to be phrased in such a way ... More


Bivariate Statistical Methods

Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers

in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764044
eISBN:
9780199332533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 4 reviews bivariate statistical methods used to determine the probability that a relationship found between two variables is based on sampling error. The focus of this review is on the ... More


Randomized Trial

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter evaluates the results of a randomized trial conducted to test the effectiveness of an experimental treatment in slowing the pathological changes in memory caused by Alzheimer's disease. ... More


One-Sample and Difference-of-Means Tests

Quan Li

in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates the types of questions one could ask about a continuous random variable of interest and answer using statistical inference. It provides conceptual preparation for ... More


Multivariate Analysis of Variance: Overview and Key Concepts

Patrick Dattalo

in Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773596
eISBN:
9780199332564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773596.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) as a generalization of the t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The t-test is a strategy to test hypotheses about differences ... More


Doing your Statistics in R: Getting Started

Andrew P. Beckerman and Owen L. Petchey

in Getting Started with R: An introduction for biologists

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601615
eISBN:
9780191774539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601615.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter presents a workflow for implementing and interpreting t-tests, chi-square tests, and general linear models. It begins by looking at how to implement a chi-square contingency table ... More


Comparing Groups: Student’s t-test

Andy Hector

in The New Statistics with R: An Introduction for Biologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198729051
eISBN:
9780191795855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729051.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter re-analyses Darwin’s maize data that were introduced in Chapter 2. Here t-tests and confidence intervals are used and compared with the ANOVA approach. Confidence intervals are ... More


Design and Analysis of Experimental Research I

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter builds on the previous chapter by elaborating from theories of causal knowledge presented earlier to practical considerations for the design, execution, and analysis of randomized ... More


Introducing Statistics in R

Andrew P. Beckerman, Dylan Z. Childs, and Owen L. Petchey

in Getting Started with R: An Introduction for Biologists

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198787839
eISBN:
9780191829659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Here we cover how to do some basic statistical tests in R, including the t-test, chi-square contingency table analysis, simple linear regression, and a one-way ANOVA. We offer a robust, reliable, and ... More


Discrepancy to Variability

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes quantification during the late nineteenth century. Then, most ordinary people were gaining an overt awareness, and probability notions were seeping into everyday conversation ... More


Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Quan Li

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book seeks to teach undergraduate and graduate students in social sciences how to use R to manage, visualize, and analyze data in order to answer substantive questions and replicate published ... More


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