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Complexity, Evolution, and the Structure of Demand

John Foster and Jason Potts

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that evolutionary economics should be founded upon complex systems theory rather than neo-Darwinian analogies concerning natural selection, which focus on supply side ... More


Predictability and Control in Complex Systems

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the key difference between the two paradigms of crisis management described in Chapters 2 and 3. The traditional crisis planning process described in Chapter 2 depends on the ... More


Modularity and Flexibility: The First Steps

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by outlining the various challenges faced by the massive modularity hypothesis, most of which turn on one or another form of cognitive flexibility. It outlines the role of mental ... More


The Failure of Discourse Ethics and the Theory of Communicative Action in Their Attempted Empirical Demonstration and Application to Politics, Law and Society

Uwe Steinhoff

in The Philosophy of Jürgen Habermas: A Critical Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547807
eISBN:
9780191720758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547807.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

The chapter provides a detailed description and critical discussion of Habermas' attempts to make the theory of communicative action and discourse ethics fruitful beyond the narrower moral and ... More


The System of the Constitution

Adrian Vermeule

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199838455
eISBN:
9780199932481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838455.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

A constitutional order is a system of systems. It is an aggregate of interacting institutions, which are themselves aggregates of interacting individuals. This book analyzes constitutionalism through ... More


Child Public Health

Dr Mitch Blair, Professor Sarah Stewart-Brown, Dr Tony Waterston, and Dr Rachel Crowther

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Despite children making up around a quarter of the population, the first edition of this book was the first to focus on a public health approach to the health and sickness of children and young ... More


Introductory Concepts

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a brief introduction to concepts from systems biology; tools from differential equations and control theory; and approaches to the modeling, analysis, and design of biomolecular ... More


Are Dynamic Systems and Connectionist Approaches an Alternative to Good Old-Fashioned Cognitive Development?

Lisa M. Oakes, Nora S. Newcombe, and Jodie M. Plumert

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses the question of whether dynamic systems and connectionist approaches are an alternative to good old-fashioned cognitive development (GOFCD). The chapter is organized as ... More


Moving toward a Unified Theory While Valuing the Importance of the Initial Conditions

John P. Spencer, Evelina Dineva, and Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter seeks to articulate and clarify cases of perceived differences between dynamical systems theory (DST) and the connectionist (CN) approaches that are not real, as well as cases of ... More


System Justification Theory and Research: Implications for Law, Legal Advocacy, and Social Justice

Gary Blasi and John T. Jost

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theory and research on System Justification Theory (SJT) and summarizes key implications for law, lawyers, and social justice advocacy. According to SJT, lawyers should attend to ... More


Development as Change of System Dynamics: Stability, Instability, and Emergence

Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Dynamical systems thinking can provide metaphors that help ask new questions, generate new experimental paradigms and measures, and lead to new kinds of explanations. This chapter reviews dynamical ... More


A Developmental Systems Theory Perspective on Psychological Change

Timothy D. Johnston and Robert Lickliter

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter draws attention to some aspects of development that are considered underrepresented in both dynamic systems theory (DST) and connectionism. The approach taken is that of developmental ... More


Dynamic Systems and the Quest for Individual-Based Models of Change and Development

Paul van Geert and Kurt W. Fischer

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the question of how dynamic systems theory can be fruitfully applied to the development of the kind of phenomena and variables that have been of interest for a long time. ... More


A Primer for Dynamical Systems

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the reader to some of the main conceptual ideas behind dynamical systems theory from the perspective of an experimentalist. It first considers the qualitative approaches used ... More


Integrating Connectionist Learning and Dynamical Systems Processing: Case Studies in Speech and Lexical Development

Bob McMurray, Jessica S. Horst, Joseph C. Toscano, and Larissa K. Samuelson

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the interplay of dynamical systems and connectionism at the level of both theory and computation. It begins with a discussion of developmental mechanism focusing on two ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

John Spencer (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From William James to Sigmund Freud to Jean Piaget to B. F. Skinner, scholars (and parents) have wondered how children move from the blooming, buzzing confusion of infancy, through the tumult of ... More


A Perspective

Lorraine McCune

in How Children Learn to Learn Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177879
eISBN:
9780199870202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177879.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter lays the theoretical foundations of the analyses in this book. The book addresses two major themes. First, language does not stand alone as the crowning achievement of infancy. Rather, ... More


Cold War US Foreign Policy: Key Perspectives

Steven Hurst

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748620791
eISBN:
9780748652686
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620791.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book provides a comprehensive description and critique of the six most important historical interpretations of US Cold War foreign policy: traditionalism, revisionism, post-revisionism, ... More


Combining Connectionist and Dynamic Systems Principles in Models of Development: The Case of Analogical Completion

Denis Mareschal, Robert Leech, and Richard P. Cooper

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes model of the development of simple analogical reasoning and shows how the model accounts for seven characteristics of children's developing abilities to reason analogically. It ... More


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