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Avoiding the Winner's Curse

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

In many cases, company executives have turned away from continuing on a path to actually winning a venture that they started pursuing. This chapter examines the reason why these managers were willing ... More


A theory of the behavioural inhibition system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter presents the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS) as mediating between a Fight-Flight-Freezing system (FFFS) that controls pure avoidance (of punishment or frustration), and a Behavioural ... More


Innovation Policy—A Systemic Approach

Charles Edquist

in The Globalizing Learning Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258178
eISBN:
9780191595868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258171.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many innovations arise spontaneously as a result of the market mechanism and the actions of capitalist firms, but some, especially the more radical ones, require public intervention. The first part ... More


From processes to systems

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter draws together the various themes in the book and argues for the importance of a systems view of global ecology. It also briefly considers models which may help understand the evolution ... More


Technological Systems and Comparative Systems of Innovation: From Historical Performance to Future Policy Guidelines

Nick Von Tunzelmann

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the comparative systems approach to understanding the way in which different institutional regimes affect the governance of technological development. It focuses on four ... More


Connectionist Models of Development: Mechanistic Dynamical Models with Emergent Dynamical Properties

James L. McClelland and Gautam Vallabha

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter attempts to underscore the common ground between connectionist and dynamical systems approaches. Central to both approaches is the emergent nature of system-level behavior and changes to ... More


Brain, Body, and Mind: Lessons from Infant Motor Development

Daniela Corbetta

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the role that the body plays in the process of brain and mind formation. It begins by reviewing some theoretical concepts about embodiment and the dynamic systems approach. It ... More


Dynamic Systems, Sensorimotor Processes, and the Origins of Stability and Flexibility

Linda B. Smith

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of a dynamic systems account of the A-not-B error in infants. It presents evidence on how the processes that give rise to perseveration in infants are also processes ... More


Multivariate periodic time series models

Philip Hans Franses and Richard Paap

in Periodic Time Series Models

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199242023
eISBN:
9780191601286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924202X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In Chapter 5 we extend all material in Chapter 4 of the book to the case of more than a single time series. It turns out that in principle it is easy to extend univariate periodic models, by simply ... More


Health inequalities: adopting a whole system approach

Jonathan Wistow, Tim Blackman, David Byrne, and Gerald Wistow

in Studying health inequalities: An applied approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447305286
eISBN:
9781447312031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305286.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health inequality outcomes in local systems reflect the design of services, interactions between agents and contextual attributes. This chapter outlines an approach to understanding health ... More


A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood

Deborah M. Capaldi and Margit Wiesner

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins by reviewing the current theory regarding developmental models of crime and delinquency, and issues of persistence and desistance from adolescence into the early adult period. We ... More


Spatial Vision

Russell L. DeValois and Karen K. DeValois

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book presents an integrated view of how we perceive the spatial relations in our visual world, covering anatomical, physiological, psychophysical, and perceptual aspects. The book discusses the ... More


Health risk and the patient safety agenda

Monica Shaw

in Risk, Safety and Clinical Practice: Health care through the lens of risk

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198569008
eISBN:
9780191717499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569008.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reflects on the UK Government's approach to tackling patient safety, and the complexities that arise with respect to developing the evidence base on which it is supposed to depend. It ... More


Best‐System Approaches

Gordon Belot

in Geometric Possibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199595327
eISBN:
9780191729157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595327.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines a variety of modal relationalism that is analogous to the Humean best‐system account of laws of nature. It is argued that best‐system accounts face daunting difficulties: they ... More


Alternative Models of Scientific Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon and Merrilee H. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Coauthored with Merrilee Salmon, addresses archaeologists and other anthropologists interested in the nature of scientific explanation. A group called the new archaeologists, concerned to assure the ... More


Communicating with family carers

Barbara Monroe and David Oliviere

in Family Carers in Palliative Care: A guide for health and social care professionals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199216901
eISBN:
9780191730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216901.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter focuses on the family in terms of a social care and family systems approach in palliative care. It outlines some of the communication issues and challenges to family work in palliative ... More


Introduction

Thomas P. Hughes and Agatha C. Hughes

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The systems approach enjoyed a top spot among the minds of engineers, scientists, and managers during the early Lyndon Johnson administration. However, this trajectory of advocacy declined together ... More


The Rise of System-Cybernetic Governmentality

Eglė Rindzevičiūtė

in The Power of Systems: How Policy Sciences Opened Up the Cold War World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501703188
eISBN:
9781501706257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703188.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of system-cybernetic governance. Cybernetics and the systems approach—which includes but is not limited to operations research (OR), systems theory, ... More


Basic Concepts

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

As a multidisciplinary field, human information interaction (HII) includes basic concepts with a variety of definitions and interpretations. Researchers give these concepts the meanings common in ... More


Memory structures, procedures, and processes

JONATHAN K. FOSTER and MARKO JELICIC

in Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a brief history of the theoretical views of memory. It then provides an overview of the two views of the organization of human long-term memory: systems approach and ... More


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