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The Role of ABMS

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter uses a supply chain example to compare and contrast agent-based modeling and simulation with other modeling techniques, including systems dynamics, discrete-event simulation, ... More


Cross‐Country Comparisons: Legislative and Executive Inclusion

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A comparative analysis is given of both actual and simulated election results of the five country case studies (from Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) presented in the book, along ... More


The World in a Machine: Origins and Impacts of Early Computerized Global Systems Models

Paul N. Edwards

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the origins of two types of simulation models, namely numerical models of weather and climate, and world-dynamics models that are offshoots of a general method known as “system ... More


Studying Emergence:: 15 Fields of Complexity Science

Benyamin Lichtenstein

in Generative Emergence: A New Discipline of Organizational, Entrepreneurial, and Social Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199933594
eISBN:
9780199388370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933594.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The origins of complexity science lie in 50+ years of research into nonlinear dynamics in the fields of mathematics, physics, biology, information science, and system dynamics. Following numerous ... More


System-Theoretic Approaches to Network Reconstruction

Jorge Gonçalves and Sean Warnick

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces the biochemical network, highlighting its role in managing the complexity of biochemical systems and its link to system dynamics. It describes network reconstruction and its ... More


Systems Science Methods in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Douglas A. Luke, Alexandra B. Morshed, Virginia R. McKay, and Todd B. Combs

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190683214
eISBN:
9780190683245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683214.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

As we have seen, numerous analysis and modeling tools that take into account the natural complexity of systems and dissemination and implementation processes are available, and the use of them is ... More


Party Patronage in Portugal: Treading in Shallow Water

Carlos Jalali, Patrícia Silva, and Diogo Moreira

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses patronage in contemporary Portugal. First, it provides a precise conceptualization of patronage and, second, bases its assessment on a detailed empirical basis which makes it ... More


Complex causality in improving underperforming schools: a complex adaptive systems approach

Martijn van der Steen, Mark van Twist, Menno Fenger, and Sara Le Cointre

in Rethinking policy and politics: Reflections on contemporary debates in policy studies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447319467
eISBN:
9781447319474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319467.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

When designing and implementing policies, policy makers usually assume linear, proportionate causation between interventions and consequences. Yet frequently unexpected consequences occur that seem ... More


System Dynamics Modeling to Rethink Health System Reform

Jack Homer, Bobby Milstein, and Gary B. Hirsch

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Rethink Health Dynamics Model represents the complex dynamics of a regional health system in the United States and has been calibrated for more than 10 regions using nationwide and local data. ... More


Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Yuri G. Raydugin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

There are multiple complaints that existing project risk quantification methods—both parametric and Monte Carlo—fail to produce accurate project duration and cost-risk contingencies in a majority of ... More


Computational Simulation Modeling in Population Health Research and Policy

Nathaniel Osgood

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dynamic modeling provides a powerful tool for enabling faster learning in a complex and uncertain world. Within this contribution, we briefly survey three prominent dynamic modeling ... More


Systems Approaches to Urban Health

Ana V. Diez Roux and Ivana Stankov

in Urban Public Health: A Research Toolkit for Practice and Impact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190885304
eISBN:
9780190885335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190885304.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews ways the concepts and tools of systems approaches can help understand how city environments affect health and identify the most effective policies. The authors discuss basic ... More


Introduction

Thomas P. Hughes and Agatha C. Hughes

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The systems approach enjoyed a top spot among the minds of engineers, scientists, and managers during the early Lyndon Johnson administration. However, this trajectory of advocacy declined together ... More


Overview of Unconventional Risk Quantification Methods

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

Unconventional risk quantification methods focused on risk assessments only are reviewed. It is shown that all unconventional methods are actually not risk quantification methods being aimed at ... More


Quantum error correction

I. L. Chuang

in Quantum Machines: Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 96, July 2011

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681181
eISBN:
9780191761454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681181.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter treats the subject of quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, it presents the various representations of open-system quantum dynamics, insisting ... More


Booms, Busts, and Beer: Understanding the Dynamics of Supply Chains

John Sterman

in The Handbook of Behavioral Operations Management: Social and Psychological Dynamics in Production and Service Settings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199357215
eISBN:
9780190239336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357215.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Supply chains are fundamental to a wide range of systems. Many exhibit chronic instability, including oscillations, amplification as disturbances move upstream from final sales, and phase lag. Every ... More


High-level Overview of Project Risk Management (PRM)

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

Selection of adequate project risk management (PRM) methodologies should be based on deep understanding of PRM context of a project to avoid PRM context—PRM method mismatch. Various realizations of ... More


Agent-Based Modeling to Delineate Opioid and Other Drug Use Epidemics

Georgiy V. Bobashev, Lee D. Hoffer, and Francois R. Lamy

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug epidemics have enormous individual and societal costs that often persist years after the epidemic has declined. Drug use and addiction produce mental and physical health problems, as well as ... More


Introduction

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

A roadmap of the book is developed to expedite a fundamental upgrade to the traditional Monte Carlo methodology. Traditionally risks are seen as standalone noninteracting events. As noninteracting ... More


Modeling Financial Instability

Steve Keen

in The Global Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath: Hidden Factors in the Meltdown

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199386222
eISBN:
9780199386253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386222.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Macroeconomics has ignored private debt on the argument that debt is a “pure redistribution” which “should have no significant macro-economic effects” (Bernanke 2000, 24). This is true of the ... More


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