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Party Systems and Structures of Competition

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and presents an overall review. In the first section, Approaches to the Classification of Party Systems: ... More


On Classification Systems

Jennifer C. Lena

in Banding Together: How Communities Create Genres in Popular Music

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150765
eISBN:
9781400840458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150765.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses classification systems that exist within music and its peer culture-producing fields. It emphasizes the role of power in setting boundaries around categories and defining these ... More


The Linguistic Construction of Social and Medical Categories in the Work of the English General Register Office, 1837–1950

Edward Higgs

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Examines the classification systems and nosologies that were developed by the General Register Office in London in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in terms of modern linguistic analysis. ... More


Taxonomy Red in Tooth and Claw

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by discussing the concept of biodiversity, which comes to us from conservation biology. It suggests that biodiversity might not be a single natural property or quantity: that ... More


Introduction to the Weird

Michael Dylan Foster

in Pandemonium and Parade: Japanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253612
eISBN:
9780520942677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253612.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the various supernatural creatures in Japanese culture. These creatures are often considered as yôkai, which can be translated as monster, spirit, goblin, ghost, demon, ... More


Legal Families, Legal Culture, and Context

Uwe Kischel

in Comparative Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198791355
eISBN:
9780191833830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791355.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses legal families, legal culture, and context. A legal family is structured genealogically, with a parent legal order and its historical offspring or siblings. There are many ... More


Introduction

Ruth Colker

in Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This book presents a critical analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), originally enacted in 1975 as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act to improve educational ... More


Defining Open-Source Software Success and Abandonment

Charles M. Schweik and Robert C. English

in Internet Success: A Study of Open-Source Software Commons

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017251
eISBN:
9780262301206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017251.003.0007
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the factors that determine the success or abandonment of open-source software (OSS) projects, focusing on the hosting web site SourceForge.net. It describes a theoretical ... More


Forest Mélange

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251250
eISBN:
9780520933798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the forests of the Klamath Mountains. It first discusses the factors influencing vegetation and then discusses the life-zone concept, which explains the distribution of ... More


Ceramic Organization in the Spanish Atlantic (COSA)

Kathryn L. Ness

in Setting the Table: Ceramics, Dining, and Cultural Exchange in Andalucía and La Florida

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781683400042
eISBN:
9781683400271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400042.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

“Ceramic Organization in the Spanish Atlantic (COSA)” presents the vessel-based classification system for Spanish ceramics, Ceramic Organization in the Spanish Atlantic (COSA) that was developed for ... More


The Spirit World

Rane Willerslev

in Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism, and Personhood among the Siberian Yukaghirs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252165
eISBN:
9780520941007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252165.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter centers on the spirit world, showing that the Yukaghirs hardly give names to spirits and have no neatly ordered system of classification. It then develops an argument that relates this ... More


Behind the Green Door: Love and Lust in Eighteenth-Century Botany

Lincoln Taiz and Lee Taiz

in Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190490263
eISBN:
9780190868673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490263.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Chapter 14 explores literary and scientific reactions to the idea of sex in plants. England experienced a fashion for “phytoerotica”: bawdy verse, in which plants represented human genitalia, and ... More


Ideology and Atrocity

Valerie Hartouni

in Visualizing Atrocity: Arendt, Evil, and the Optics of Thoughtlessness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738498
eISBN:
9780814738993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738498.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the Nazi genocide directly. It argues that it was the pursuit and repeated failure—between 1939 and 1941—of economic and utilitarian goals drafted in the context of social ... More


Retrospect and Prospect

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Harappan astronomical and cosmological conceptions occasion speculations about social structure. In the Indus and other civilizations the five visible planets have been connected with five colors, ... More


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