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Introduction

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter presents the overall profile of ergative languages. It develops a distinction between morphological and syntactic ergativity. Syntactic ergativity is defined as restrictions on A-bar ... More


Proposal

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter outlines the core proposal concerning variation across ergative languages. I contend that ergative languages fall into two major types, DP-ergative and PP-ergative. In the former, the ... More


Syntactic ergativity as absolutive movement in Tongic Polynesian

Lauren Clemens and Rebecca Tollan

in Polynesian Syntax and its Interfaces

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198860839
eISBN:
9780191892905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860839.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

We propose a unified account of the presence of syntactic ergativity and the availability of variable post-verbal word order in the Tongic branch of Polynesian languages. In Tongan, ergative subjects ... More


Taking stock

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reiterates the main idea developed in this book: in some languages, the ergative argument is a prepositional phrase, base-generated in the specifier of the transitive v. The ... More


Alignment in Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects

Eleanor Coghill

in The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic: Cycles of Alignment Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723806
eISBN:
9780191791147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723806.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 4 describes in detail the various alignment patterns attested in Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects. Firstly the dialects with only accusative alignment are presented. These show inversion of the ... More


The nature and origin of syntactic ergativity in Austronesian languages

Edith Aldridge

in Syntactic Features and the Limits of Syntactic Change

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198832584
eISBN:
9780191871115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832584.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

In syntactically ergative languages, generally only the nominal with nominative (absolutive) case can undergo A’-extraction operations. Drawing evidence from Austronesian languages, this paper argues ... More


Apparent raising in Tongan and its implications for multiple case valuation

Yuko Otsuka

in Polynesian Syntax and its Interfaces

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198860839
eISBN:
9780191892905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860839.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

Apparent raising (AR) constructions in Tongan resemble raising constructions in that the thematic subject of the embedded clause seems to occur in the matrix subject position. Unlike regular raising, ... More


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