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Parts of Speech

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Most grammatical theories assume that the parts of speech — noun, verb, adjective — are categories of particular languages, but may be absent in some languages. But standard analyses are arbitrary ... More


Syntactic Theory and the Theory of Language

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Radical Construction Grammar is a construction grammar, in which syntactic representation is a pairing of form and meaning. Constructions are the basic, primitive units of syntactic representation; ... More


Introduction—Words? What Words?

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199263936
eISBN:
9780191759017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides an introduction to the book as a whole. It begins with a detailed critical review of historical approaches to Words, focusing, in particular, on the rationale for listedness and ... More


The relation between linguistic analogies and lexical categories *

LouAnn Gerken, Rachel Wilson, Rebecca Gómez, and Erika Nurmsoo

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter examines evidence that adults and infants can learn proto-categories through morphological paradigms in which a subset of the categories are double-marked. It is possible that the ... More


Labels and Structures

David Adger

in A Syntax of Substance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018616
eISBN:
9780262312233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018616.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the standard Bare Phrase Structure-style system and its problems with labeling syntactic structures containing specifiers, challenges different proposals for the labeling of ... More


Categorial Mismatches in the Syntax and the Lexicon: Evidence from Language Contact Research

Pieter Muysken

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores mismatches between syntactic and lexical categories, adducing evidence from Creole land Amerindian languages, with a case study of Popoloca de Mezontla. Core lexical features ... More


Derivation and categorization in flexible and differentiated languages

Jan Don and Eva van Lier

in Flexible Word Classes: Typological studies of underspecified parts of speech

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668441
eISBN:
9780191748707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668441.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

Don and Van Lier focus on Evans and Osada’s criterion of semantic compositionality: What is the interpretation of formally identical lexemes in different syntactic contexts, and what implications ... More


Number As a Feature *

Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin

in Functional Heads: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199746736
eISBN:
9780199949519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746736.003.0024
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with the nature of functional projections, specifically the relation between features and projections. It addresses the question of whether the feature of Number should be ... More


Categorizing Roots

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199263936
eISBN:
9780191759017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is devoted to articulating a model of categorial determination based fundamentally on the conceptualization of categorial selection as a partition of the categorial space, and as ... More


Topos-theoretic background

Olivia Caramello

in Theories, Sites, Toposes: Relating and studying mathematical theories through topos-theoretic 'bridges'

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198758914
eISBN:
9780191818752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758914.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Pure Mathematics

This chapter provides the topos-theoretic background necessary for understanding the contents of the book; the presentation is self-contained and only assumes a basic familiarity with the language of ... More


Puzzles in the Syntax of Relational Nominals

David Adger

in A Syntax of Substance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018616
eISBN:
9780262312233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018616.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Noam Chomsky identified close parallels in the structures built around syntactic categories; specifically, around noun and verb. Based on the explanation for the behavior of nominalizations, he ... More


Uninterpretable Features Are Incompatible in Morphology with Other Minimalist Postulates

M. Rita Manzini and Leonardo M. Savoia

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the theory that both morphological and syntactic structures are constructed from the same set of categories. Focusing on clitic variation across Romance dialects (specifically ... More


Typological and theoretical implications

John J. Lowe

in Transitive Nouns and Adjectives: Evidence from Early Indo-Aryan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198793571
eISBN:
9780191835353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793571.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter briefly considers the evidence for transitive nouns and adjectives in early Indo-Aryan in both a typological and a theoretical perspective. The fact that most transitive nouns and ... More


Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form

Hagit Borer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199263936
eISBN:
9780191759017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book is volume III of a trilogy which explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. The trilogy sets out to demonstrate that the explanation of ... More


The Syntax of Roots and the Roots of Syntax

Artemis Alexiadou, Hagit Borer, and Florian Schäfer (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199665266
eISBN:
9780191748554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665266.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This volume brings together chapters that discuss the nature of roots, the core elements of word meaning. It looks not only at their syntax, but also their phonology, semantics, and ... More


Which words are adjectives?

P. H. Matthews

in The Positions of Adjectives in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199681594
eISBN:
9780191760792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681594.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The first part of this chapter discusses the traditional definition of an adjective and the way it has developed in the history of grammar. It questions the validity of syntactic categories at the ... More


Envoi

P. H. Matthews

in The Positions of Adjectives in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199681594
eISBN:
9780191760792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681594.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This final chapter, which is much shorter than the others, tries to draw some morals for the study of syntax generally. These concern especially the distinction between functions and categories, and ... More


Introduction

Carrie Gillon and Nicole Rosen

in Nominal Contact in Michif

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198795339
eISBN:
9780191836596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795339.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides some background on the history of Michif, the language spoken by at least a few hundred Métis people. The Métis were originally located in the Red River Valley, and are today ... More


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