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The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

James A. Clarke

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Synchrotron radiation sources are now used routinely by thousands of research scientists and engineers throughout the world to perform experiments in biology, physics, materials science, chemistry, ... More


Introduction

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the subject of synchrotron radiation by explaining the history of particle accelerators and hence the development of these sources of intense light. An overview of the photon ... More


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


X-ray optics

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to the applications of dynamical diffraction to X-ray optics. After a brief description of X-ray sources (tubes and synchrotron radiation), it gives the principle of the ... More


Winding up at the Radiation Lab, going to Harvard, and marriage

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Throughout the period spent at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Radiation Laboratory, Julian Schwinger did not socialise much beyond the immediate circle of his co-workers and old friends ... More


Synchrotron radiation powder diffraction

Peter W. Stephens, David E. Cox, and Andrew N. Fitch

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses how powder diffraction experiments can take advantage of the properties of a synchrotron source and to considerations of how the data are best processed, with a particular ... More


An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Edmund Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Many scientists and engineers spend their lives designing, constructing, and running accelerators, yet few universities include a study of them in their curricula. This book is a straightforward ... More


Electrons

E. J. N. Wilson

in An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Electrons behave in the same way as protons in the magnetic guide field of a synchrotron but, being 2000 times lighter than protons, travel much closer to the velocity of light when given the same ... More


Introduction: Compton scattering: a probe of electron density distributions

M. J. Cooper

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides the background to the use of Compton scattering as a probe of electron density distributions starting from a simplified overview of the underlying theory, treating Compton ... More


Compton scattering instrumentation

H. Kawata and N. Shiotani

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with all practical aspects of the instrumentation used for synchrotron radiation-based measurements, discussing the resolution and photon flux attainable with synchrotron insertion ... More


Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

André Authier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

X-ray diffraction is a major tool for the study of crystal structures and the characterization of crystal perfection. Since the discovery of X-ray diffraction by von Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping in ... More


Stairway to Heaven

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the reasons why fundamental physics needs to explore the world at small distances. Modern research has discovered that the physical laws of nature become progressively simpler ... More


Unusual diffraction geometries

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Unusual diffraction geometries may seem a curiosity but may stimulate novel avenues of application. Not least they illustrate a diversity of diffraction‐measuring possibilities. Laue diffraction ... More


During the Second World War

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the late summer of 1941 Julian Schwinger arrived in West Lafayette, Indiana, to assume his first regular teaching position as an instructor of physics at Purdue University. His research work ... More


The Effect of Insertion Devices on the Electron Beam

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at the impact that insertion devices have on the electron beam through the emission of synchrotron radiation. Issues such as emittance change, damping, and energy spread growth are ... More


Historical developments 1

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a historical introduction to X-ray dynamical diffraction. It starts with an account of Ewald's thesis on the dispersion of light and of the famous experiment of the diffraction ... More


Radiation from Charges Moving at Relativistic Velocities

Richard Freeman, James King, and Gregory Lafyatis

in Electromagnetic Radiation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198726500
eISBN:
9780191793325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726500.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The evaluation of the electric scalar and magnetic vector potentials for a source moving relative to the observer is considered. With retarded time taken into account, the potentials have a form ... More


Structure determination from powder diffraction data: an overview

Anthony K Cheetham

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter looks at the history of structure determination from powder diffraction data and highlights some landmark papers in the field. The role of the Rietveld method in structure refinement is ... More


Accelerators

G. Barr, R. Devenish, R. Walczak, and T. Weidberg

in Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter gives an introduction to accelerator physics, concentrating on synchrotrons. Accelerating cavities for standing and travelling radiofrequency (RF) waves, the synchronicity requirement, ... More


The diffraction of X-rays

Christopher Hammond

in The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738671
eISBN:
9780191801938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 9 illustrates the intensities of X-ray diffracted beams and considers atomic scattering factors, the structure factor equation, and its applications. Next, it analyses the broadening of ... More


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