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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Unusual diffraction geometries

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Unusual diffraction geometries may seem a curiosity but may stimulate novel avenues of application. Not least they illustrate a diversity of diffraction‐measuring possibilities. Laue diffraction ... More


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

James A. Clarke

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Synchrotron radiation sources are now used routinely by thousands of research scientists and engineers throughout the world to perform experiments in biology, physics, materials science, chemistry, ... More


Introduction

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the subject of synchrotron radiation by explaining the history of particle accelerators and hence the development of these sources of intense light. An overview of the photon ... More


An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Edmund Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Many scientists and engineers spend their lives designing, constructing, and running accelerators, yet few universities include a study of them in their curricula. This book is a straightforward ... More


Fundamentals of Beam Physics

J. B. Rosenzweig

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525547
eISBN:
9780191711725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book presents beam physics using a unified approach, emphasizing basic concepts and analysis methods. While many existing resources in beams and accelerators are specialized to aid the ... More


High-throughput crystallographic data collection at synchrotrons

Stephen R. Wasserman, David W. Smith, Kevin L. D'Amico, John W. Koss, Laura L. Morisco, and Stephen K. Burley

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

High-throughput data collection requires seamless interoperation of various hardware components. In addition, user-supplied descriptions of protein crystals must be directly linked with the ... More


Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

John Banhart (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Tomography provides three-dimensional images of heterogeneous materials or engineering components, and offers an unprecedented insight into their internal structure. By using X-rays generated by ... More


SYNCHROTRON X-RAY ABSORPTION TOMOGRAPHY

Astrid Haibel

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the principles of synchrotron X-ray tomography. The technique exploits the different linear attenuation coefficients of the chemical elements present in a sample or, ... More


Introduction: Compton scattering: a probe of electron density distributions

M. J. Cooper

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides the background to the use of Compton scattering as a probe of electron density distributions starting from a simplified overview of the underlying theory, treating Compton ... More


Compton scattering instrumentation

H. Kawata and N. Shiotani

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with all practical aspects of the instrumentation used for synchrotron radiation-based measurements, discussing the resolution and photon flux attainable with synchrotron insertion ... More


X-ray sources, optical elements, and detectors

David M. Paganin

in Coherent X-Ray Optics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter sequentially considers the three features present in almost all experiments in coherent X-ray optics: X-ray sources, X-ray optical elements, and X-ray detectors. Regarding sources, the ... More


The Effect of Insertion Devices on the Electron Beam

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at the impact that insertion devices have on the electron beam through the emission of synchrotron radiation. Issues such as emittance change, damping, and energy spread growth are ... More


Elementary Scattering Theory: For X-ray and Neutron Users

D.S. Sivia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199228676
eISBN:
9780191775116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228676.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

The opportunities for doing scattering experiments at synchrotron and neutron facilities have grown rapidly in recent years and are set to continue to do so into the foreseeable future. This text ... More


X-ray and neutron sources

William Clegg

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Crystal structure determination by diffraction uses X-rays or neutrons. X-rays are readily available in laboratories from a standard X-ray tube, in which electron kinetic energy is converted to ... More


Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

André Authier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

X-ray diffraction is a major tool for the study of crystal structures and the characterization of crystal perfection. Since the discovery of X-ray diffraction by von Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping in ... More


Stairway to Heaven

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the reasons why fundamental physics needs to explore the world at small distances. Modern research has discovered that the physical laws of nature become progressively simpler ... More


Longitudinal dynamics

E. J. N. Wilson

in An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The radio frequency cavities that accelerate a beam provide focusing in the longitudinal direction along the path of the beam. Particles oscillate about a stable phase on the rising accelerating ... More


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