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Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission and Synaptic Plasticity

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Activity-dependent, long-lasting synaptic enhancement induced by neuronal stimulation, known as long-term potentiation (LTP), is not unique to the hippocampus; rather, it seems to be a fundamental ... More


Dopamine and Synaptic Plasticity in Mesolimbic Circuits

F. Woodward Hopf, Antonello Bonci, and Robert C. Malenka

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter reviews current understanding of how dopamine (DA) might modulate glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in mesolimbic brain regions. This topic is examined in the context of in vitro brain ... More


Neuronal plasticity

Brian J. Morris

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of experimental models of neuronal plasticity. It then discusses temporal phases of synaptic plasticity, Ca2+ as the trigger that activates the intracellular ... More


Metaplasticity: the plasticity of synaptic plasticity

Benjamin D. Philpot, Mark F. Bear, and Wickliffe C. Abraham

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Activity-dependent modifications of synaptic efficacy are essential both for the developmental organization of the brain and for the storage of information. It is now well established that the ... More


Functional plasticity at dendritic synapses

Jérôme Maheux, Robert C. Froemke, and P. Jesper Sjöström

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes experiments and theory that are relevant to the role of dendrites in plasticity. Since the vast majority of synapses form connections onto the dendritic arbor of a neuron, ... More


Functional plasticity at dendritic synapses

Zachary F. Mainen and Larry F. Abbott

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Most synapses are made onto dendrites, and most excitatory connections are made onto dendritic spines. Synaptic plasticity is thus an intrinsically dendritic phenomenon, but the functional ... More


A theoretical view of the neuron as a plastic input-output device

Ithai Rabinowitch, Michael London, and Idan Segev

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Wilfrid Rall developed the theoretical foundations for understanding dendritic function almost fifty years ago. Since then his theory has been intensely employed and extended in order to explore the ... More


The Hippocampus Book

Per Andersen, Richard Morris, David Amaral, Tim Bliss, and John O'Keefe (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The hippocampus is one of a group of remarkable structures embedded within the brain's medial temporal lobe. Long known to be important for memory, it has been a prime focus of neuroscience research ... More


Functional plasticity at synapses

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0091
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Functional synaptic plasticity is a relatively longlasting alteration in the efficiency of synaptic transmission. In biophysical terms, the efficiency of synaptic transmission is determined by two ... More


Neurobiology Of Chronic Pain

Min Zhuo

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Understanding the neurobiology of sensory synapses in the central nervous system provides us with basic knowledge of physiological and pathological pain, and has the potential to reveal possible drug ... More


Message received: cellular responses to neuromodulatory signals

Gina G. Turrigiano

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Many computational models of neural circuits treat neurons as ‘integrate and fire’ devices that linearly sum excitatory and inhibitory inputs and fire an action potential when they pass threshold. ... More


Cellular Mechanisms of Memory: Complex Circuits

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews some of the progress toward a full characterization of one particular form of synaptic plasticity observed in the mammalian brain called long-term potentiation (LTP). LTP is only ... More


RNA targeting, trafficking, and translation in dendrites: Contribution to synaptic tagging and plasticity

Lindy Barrett and James Eberwine

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

It is well established that a subset of proteins can be translated in dendrites independently of the cell soma. Recent studies have begun to elucidate the dynamic regulation and functional ... More


Organization and regulation of the postsynaptic density

Dane M. Chetkovich and Roger A. Nicoll

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes the molecular organization of the PSD of neurons in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), with a specific emphasis on the regulation of ionotropic glutamate receptors ... More


Molecular mechanisms of neuronal maturation: a model for synaptic plasticity

J. A. P. Rostas

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The plasticity of the adult nervous system allows it to learn new things and remember them, to adapt to change and to recover from injury. This chapter describes a developmental approach to tackle ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


Structure and molecular organization of the postsynaptic density

Natasha K. Hussain and Richard L. Huganir

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The morphology and molecular composition of synapses provide the basis of communication between neurons. Synapses are highly ordered, having developed structural and molecular specializations at ... More


Trafficking of Glutamate Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The molecular composition of the excitatory synapses is far from static. Indeed, changes in the localization and density of excitatory amino acid receptors are now recognized as an essential ... More


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