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Introduction: A Theory of Women’s Political Representation

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The growing number of women winning legislative seats in Latin America augurs important questions about the causes and consequences of women’s representation. The introduction to this book ... More


Symbolic Representation: Evoking Support for the Political System

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter returns to a large, cross-national study of Latin American countries to examine whether the use of proportional electoral rules and gender quotas (formal representation), having more ... More


Political Equality and Fair Representation

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Considers whether a case for ensuring the equal representation of women and men or proportionate representation of ethnic minority groups can be extracted from the twin democratic principles of ... More


Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Joscha Bach

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition—they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or ... More


Conclusion

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This concluding chapter discusses how scholars have established the utility of different types of representation for disadvantaged groups. Descriptive representation refers to the physical presence ... More


Dangdut Nation: “We Bring the Happiness of Dangdut”

Andrew N. Weintraub

in Dangdut Stories: A Social and Musical History of Indonesia's Most Popular Music

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395662
eISBN:
9780199863549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395662.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music, Popular

Chapter 6 describes the factors that led to a shift in the discourse about dangdut, as its mass-mediated image changed from music marketed for the urban underclass to music marketed for a national ... More


Conceptual Understanding in Light of Evolution

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalistic accounts of language and conceptual capacities more generally have heretofore been guided by the neo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis. Niche construction and other aspects of an ... More


Levels of Representational Organization

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explores whether the "Explanatory Gap"-the discrepancy that exists when comparing a phenomenal sensation to a neural spike-train correlate-can be approached via the concept that neural ... More


The symbolic representation of women: tokens or role models?

Evans Elizabeth

in Women and the Liberal Democrats: Representing Women

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083471
eISBN:
9781781702277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083471.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Symbolic representation is a relatively under-studied concept amongst feminist political scientists. Most existing research on women's symbolic representation in politics has tended to adopt a more ... More


The Bilbao Effect: Ethical Symbolic Representation

Dean MacCannell

in The Ethics of Sightseeing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257825
eISBN:
9780520948655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257825.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter argues that the origins, context, and form of Frank Gehry constitute an ethical strategy of symbolic representation for tourists on a grand scale. The Guggenheim Bilbao is the embodiment ... More


The Beginnings of a Generalized Model of Expression

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter defines expressive speech as used in this book. The concept of a composite acoustic waveform is presented, consisting of two components: the basic message and expression. The speaker ... More


Symbols: The Cognitivist Hypothesis

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores cognitivism and the cognitivist hypothesis. The central intuition behind cognitivism is that intelligence—human intelligence included—so resembles computation in its essential ... More


Symbolic Empowerment: Trailblazers and Torchbearers

Evelyn M. Simien

in Historic Firsts: How Symbolic Empowerment Changes U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199314171
eISBN:
9780190275099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By introducing the concept of symbolic empowerment, the chapter bridges the scholarly literature on descriptive and symbolic representation. In it, the chapter argues that historic candidacies change ... More


Analysis of Narrative in Context

Kathleen Wells

in Narrative Inquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195385793
eISBN:
9780199827237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385793.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses two new approaches to the analysis of narrative: critical narrative analysis and contextual discursive analysis. It examines each approach in relation to its theoretical ... More


Representation of Ethnic Minority Concerns

Anthony F. Heath, Stephen D. Fisher, Gemma Rosenblatt, David Sanders, and Maria Sobolewska

in The Political Integration of Ethnic Minorities in Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199656639
eISBN:
9780191765247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656639.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter considers how far the ethnic minority concern for equal opportunities and anti-discrimination policy is represented in the policy platforms of the major political parties, and also asks ... More


Semiotics of Indicators: The Case of Corporate Human Rights Responsibility *

Ronen Shamir and Dana Weiss

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores actor-network theory — also called material semiotics — in the context of ‘corporate human-rights responsibility.’ It studies the symbolic representation of indicators within ... More


Theories of Representation

Robert M. Alexander

in Representation and the Electoral College

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190939427
eISBN:
9780190939465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939427.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter details applicable theories of representation relative to the Electoral College. It examines how representation has been operationalized over time, paying specific attention to Hannah ... More


A Continuum of Self-Consciousness That Emerges in Phylogeny and Ontogeny

Marcel Kinsbourne

in The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of self-reflective consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195161564
eISBN:
9780199848386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter gives full detail about how self-reflective consciousness emerges during the development of the child. The chapter stresses the importance of language. Episodic memory is thought to ... More


Political representation: the view from France

Raf Geenens

in The Constructivist Turn in Political Representation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474442602
eISBN:
9781474459860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442602.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is now widely accepted that political representation is not merely a passive, ‘mirroring’ process, but that the process of political representation plays a constitutive role in the construction of ... More


Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne, and Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science’s classical, first-generation ... More


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