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An uncertain quantity: how people reason with syllogisms

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chater and Oaksford developed both computational- and algorithmic-level analyses of syllogistic reasoning, based on a probabilistic approach. The resulting model was called the probability heuristics ... More


Avoidance of Miserly Information Processing: Direct Tests

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, four subtests of the CART are described. All four are direct measures of the avoidance of miserly processing. The subtests are: the Reflection versus Intuition subtest; the Belief ... More


Cognitive factors underlying paranormal beliefs and experiences

Christopher C. French and Krissy Wilson

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is clear that a wide range of situations exist that can potentially lead people to believe that they have experienced the paranormal when in fact they have not. The question regarding possible ... More


Judicial Reasoning

Eva Steiner

in French Law: A Comparative Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198790884
eISBN:
9780191833342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790884.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter examines judicial reasoning in France. In France, the long-established assumptions, still deeply rooted in the French legal mind, that only the legislature can make the law and that ... More


Epilogue: A Daring Adventure of Reason

Jennifer Mensch

in Kant’s Organicism: Epigenesis and the Development of Critical Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226021980
eISBN:
9780226022031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226022031.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason was meant to provide a new logic, a transcendental logic capable of moving beyond the merely analytic conclusions of syllogistic reasoning and ... More


Doing the Camberwell Walk: Paranoia and Reasoning

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Paranoia: The 21st Century Fear

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199237500
eISBN:
9780191917486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199237500.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Welcome to Camberwell, home of the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College London. In many ways Camberwell is typical of inner-city London: built-up, busy, and ... More


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