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Introduction

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides an overview of the book, including problems in defining the syllable, problems in determining syllable boundaries, doubts about the reality of the syllable, and an outline of ... More


Syllable structure in Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chinese is well known for having a simple syllable structure, clear syllable boundaries, and a small syllable inventory. This chapter examines what its structure is and what constraints influence ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


The Phonological Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter is concerned with the contribution of phonological distinctions to encoding the Interpersonal and Representational Levels. Utterances are composed of layers of structure, right down to ... More


Fenno‐Swedish Quantity: Contrast in Stratal OT

Paul Kiparsky

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Compared to more familiar varieties of Swedish, the dialects spoken in Finland have rather diverse syllable structures. The distribution of distinctive syllable weight is determined by grammatical ... More


English II: syllable inventory and related issues

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines distributional patterns of English sounds and syllables, using the CELEX lexicon. It shows that most unused syllables are due not to phonological constraints but to the fact ... More


Theoretical implications

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the CVX theory and discuss its implications for theories of grammar: the tabula rasa position, substantive and formal universals, principles and parameters theory, and ... More


Composition of Verses

Kiichiro Itsumi

in Pindaric Metre: The ‘Other Half’

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199229611
eISBN:
9780191710780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229611.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter treats verses as a whole. First, topics common to both metres are discussed, including RSS (ratio of short syllables to long), which is one of the strongest criteria for classifying ... More


Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

San Duanmu

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

When one looks at the world's languages, it is easy to get the impression that there is a wide range of syllable patterns. But an in‐depth analysis of a selection of languages shows that the maximal ... More


Conclusion: Retrospective and Prospective

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Basic structural properties underlying the different categories of vowel prosthesis are enumerated and compared, revealing important characteristics shared by all categories. Of central importance is ... More


Shanghai Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Shanghai Chinese. Of interest is the fact that Shanghai has no diphthongs or contrastive codas. In addition, the ... More


English I: the maximal syllable size

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the maximal syllable size in English. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in English is CVX. The ... More


German

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an exhaustive analysis of German words in the CELEX lexicon. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in German ... More


Oral movement control and speech

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the co-occurrence of speech and nonspeech oral-movement defects, and the relation between oral-movement control and manual-movement control. The repetition of single syllables ... More


From Old to Middle English

Jeremy J. Smith

in Sound Change and the History of English

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291953
eISBN:
9780191710568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291953.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the strong evidential basis for the Old English-Middle English transition, and then proceeds to discuss the major quantitative sound-changes which ... More


Morpheme-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues for a morpheme-based alternative to the version of the Generalized Template Theory (GTT) of prosodic morpheme shapes critiqued in Chapter 2. In this approach (MBT), canonical ... More


The Role of Phonology in Defining Canonical Form in MBT

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The MBT approach developed in Chapter 3 defines the optimal minimal Root as a branching monosyllable. However, it is not difficult to find Roots which are either larger or smaller than this. The most ... More


Questions for Future Research and Conclusion

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the remaining problems for the Generalized Template Theory (GTT), both the version developed in this book and other versions. One problem is that canonical shapes in some ... More


Vowel Shifts and the Middle English Vowels

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The old hypotheses of teleology and equilibrium are illusions. Shifts do not fill holes to create symmetrical systems. Rather, sounds shift by phonetically and perceptually motivated mechanisms, and ... More


The Latin Background

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The phonological structure of Latin serves as the starting point for the account. Of particular interest is the organization of the syllable in Latin, and especially the onset, since syllabic ... More


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