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How valves work

David O. Clayden

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents background information on valves. A valve consists of an evacuated glass envelope containing a number of electrodes. These are connected to the outside by wires passing though ... More


Labour's Long Road Back

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The authors analyse the long process of modernization of the Labour party that had its origins in Neil Kinnock's period as a leader of the party between 1983 and 1992 and that culminated in Labour's ... More


Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Mark Dykman (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book elucidates the physics of classical and quantum fluctuations in nonlinear oscillators and provides a unifying insight into fluctuation phenomena in a variety of vibrational systems of ... More


Switching Paths for Ising Models with Long-Range Interaction

Nicolas Dirr

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

The chapter discusses a multiscale model for a two-phases material. The model is a stochastic process on the finest scale. The effective behaviour on larger scales is governed by deterministic ... More


Life in the Household

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Family economics, which looks at the production and consumption in a household, can be applied to religion. The household is typically husband and wife, parents and children, operates under ... More


Processes in Third Language Acquisition

Bjorn Hammarberg

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635115
eISBN:
9780748651504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635115.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This book brings together six case studies of an adult multilingual speaker who acquires a new language through social interaction. It deals especially with the multilingual situation, the learner's ... More


Learning and Switching of Internal Models for Dexterous Tool Use

Hiroshi Imamizu

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Internal models are neural mechanisms that mimic the input-output properties of controlled objects, possibly enabling skillful control of our bodies and external tools. This chapter reviews a series ... More


The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Brenda Danet and Susan C. Herring (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Although English is the de facto lingua franca of the Internet, most Internet users are not native speakers of English. Two-thirds of the one billion users now online communicate in other languages, ... More


Arabic in Modern Hebrew Texts: The Stylistics of Exophonic Writing

Mohamed Ahmed

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474444439
eISBN:
9781474476713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444439.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In the late 1950s, Iraqi Jews were either forced or chose to leave Iraq for Israel. Finding it impossible to continue writing in Arabic in Israel, many Iraqi Jewish novelists faced the literary ... More


Biological Circuit Components

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some simple circuit components that have been constructed in E. coli cells using the technology of synthetic biology and then considers a more complicated circuit that already ... More


Introduction: Welcome to the Multilingual Internet

Brenda Danet and Susan C. Herring

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This introductory chapter reviews research on the language(s) of CMC in a variety of linguistic/sociocultural contexts, focusing on constraints of writing systems; linguistic and discourse features ... More


The Multilingual and Multiorthographic Taiwan-Based Internet: Creative Uses of Writing Systems on College-Affilated BBSs

Hsi-Yao Su

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter investigates creative uses of writing systems on the electronic bulletin boards (BBSs) of two college student organizations in Taipei, Taiwan. Data were collected from postings on ... More


Bilingual Creativity and Self‐Negotiation: Korean American Children's Language Socialization into Korean Address Terms

Juyoung Song

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores Korean‐American children's language socialization into Korean address terms and their creative uses of these terms in a Korean‐English bilingual context. The data revealed that, ... More


Phonological and Cultural Innovations in the Speech of Samoans in Southern California

Alessandro Duranti and Jennifer F. Reynolds

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Bilingualism is a concept that relies on a variety of theoretical constructs, including the notions of “language,” “speakers,” and “community.” Subjecting these key notions to empirical and ... More


Trading Tongues: Loss of Heritage Languages in the United States

Leanne Hinton

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter is an examination of the personal side of language maintenance and language shift in the United States, as told by Asian‐Americans from immigrant families. Pertinent selections were ... More


 The Role of the Posterior Frontolateral Cortex in Task‐Related Control

Marcel Brass, Jan Derrfuss, and Yves von Cramon

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on different aspects of rule‐guided behavior, its functional neuroanatomy and role in cognitive control and, more specifically, cognitive flexibility. First, it argues that an ... More


Language Choice Online: Globalization and Identity in Egypt

Mark Warschauer, Ghada R. El Said, and Ayman Zohry

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

There has been a good deal of concern around the world about the disproportionate role of English on the Internet and thus a possible displacement of other languages. Yet little prior research has ... More


Language Choice on a Swiss Mailing List

Mercedes Durham

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the linguistic choices made by multilingual Swiss medical students on an asynchronous Internet discussion list. A quantitative analysis of language choice in over 1,000 messages ... More


Anyone Speak Swedish?: Tolerance for Language Shifting in Graphical Multiuser Virtual Environments

Ann-Sofie Axelsson, Åsa Abelin, and Ralph Schroeder

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

English is the dominant language on the Internet, but as more people access the Internet, more nationalities and languages meet. This study examined language encounters in the Internet-based shared ... More


 Task‐Switching in Human and Nonhuman Primates: Understanding Rule Encoding and Control from Behavior to Single Neurons

Gijsbert Stoet and Lawrence Snyder

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Task‐switching paradigms are ideal for studying how primates implement and apply rules. This chapter summarizes a large body of work conducted on the comparative primatology and neurophysiology of ... More


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