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Decoding the Mechanisms of Gait Generation and Gait Transition in the Salamander Using Robots and Mathematical Models

Jeremie Knuesel, Jean-Marie Cabelguen, and Auke Ijspeert

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The spinal mechanisms of gait generation and gait transition in vertebrates are still not properly understood. This chapter explores these mechanisms in the salamander, an amphibian capable of ... More


Adaptations: Living in Specific Environments

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Birds are found in essentially all terrestrial environments, from lush tropical forests to barren deserts and polar regions, from the oceans to the highest mountains. This chapter describes how birds ... More


Animal Locomotion

Andrew Biewener and Sheila Patek

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This book provides a synthesis of the physical, physiological, evolutionary, and biomechanical principles that underlie animal locomotion. An understanding and full appreciation of animal locomotion ... More


Immersion: Marathon Swimming, Embodiment and Identity

Karen Throsby

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719099625
eISBN:
9781526114976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099625.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book is about the extreme sport of marathon swimming. It provides insight into a social world about which very little is known, while simultaneously exploring the ways in which the social world ... More


“through the streets in bathing costumes”: Resort Vacations, 1850–1900

Cindy S. Aron

in Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142341
eISBN:
9780199849024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142341.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

During the 19th century, American resorts varied widely—in size, cost, location, clientele. Some resorts were small towns that swelled to crowded, minimetropolises during the summer season. Other ... More


Hunting Behavior

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasels are feisty little critters that hunt widely-dispersed and well-hidden prey with impressive predatory efficiency, willowy grace, and electric energy. Most predators tackling prey larger than ... More


Locomotion at low Reynolds numbers

Anette E. Hosoi

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter presents three lectures intended as an introduction to locomotion at low Reynolds numbers. It covers swimming, crawling, and burrowing. For those who desire a more in-depth treatment, ... More


Dynamics of complex biofluids

Christel Hohenegger and Michael J. Shelley

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the basics of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and then focuses on the two main examples, of rod-shaped and dumbbell-shaped immersed particles. ... More


The inactive enantiomer of a noradrenaline uptake blocker reduces 5-HT synthesis

Peter C. Waldmeier and Laurent Maitre

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The enantiomers of the tetracyclic antidepressant oxaprotiline differ in their ability to inhibit noradrenaline (NA) uptake. While (+)-oxaprotiline (CGP 12104 A) is extraordinarily potent in this ... More


Swimming in the mollusc Clione limacina based on wing flapping

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the sea angel Clione limacina, a marine mollusc and its importance for examining all components of the locomotor control system at the network and cellular levels. An adult ... More


Swimming in the leech

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents opportunities for examining all components of the locomotor control system at the network and cellular levels in leech. There are two forms of locomotion in the leech – swimming ... More


Swimming in the crayfish and lobster

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter gives an account of swim-motor patterns in lobsters and crayfish. The swimmerets of crayfish and lobsters are paired segmental limbs located on the ventral side of the abdomen, and which ... More


Swimming in the lamprey

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses swimming in insects and animals such as lamprey. Swimming by means of undulatory movements of the trunk is the main form of locomotion in most aquatic vertebrate species. Most ... More


Swimming in the toad tadpole

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the swimming characteristics of toads. The toad tadpole presents a unique vertebrate animal model for studying the nervous control of locomotion, and has been used extensively ... More


Diving and Thermoregulation: From Land Mammal to Semiaquatic Design and Function

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the beaver's diving reflex and thermoregulation, with particular emphasis on its evolution from a basic mammalian design into a superb amphibious, semiaquatic ... More


Energy Budget

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the beaver's energy budget. More specifically, it considers the amount of energy required by the beaver's proverbial and incessant activity and how the animal ... More


“Doing” Science

Morrison Adrian R.

in An Odyssey with Animals: A Veterinarian's Reflections on the Animal Rights & Welfare Debate

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374445
eISBN:
9780199847938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374445.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reports the scientific application of animals in biomedical research and the accompanying personal ethical dilemmas faced in the pursuit of the author's profession for a period of over ... More


Raids on the Inarticulate: Alan Hollinghurst's The Swimming-Pool Library and the Closets of Imperial and Postimperial British History

Simon Lewis

in British and African Literature in Transnational Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036021
eISBN:
9780813038636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036021.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter analyzes Alan Hollinghurst's book The Swimming-Pool Library. In contract, Boyd's book An Ice-Cream War is an exclusive male construction which is based on a combination of public school ... More


Flann O’Brien and the purloined absurd

Neil Cornwell

in The Absurd in Literature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074097
eISBN:
9781781700969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074097.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter takes a look at Brian O'Nolan, who was also known as Flann O'Brien and Myles na Gopaleen in the literary world, introducing each of O'Nolan's literary personas, from the novelist and ... More


Sound and Music in Website Design

Lee Tsang

in Music, Sound and Multimedia: From the Live to the Virtual

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625338
eISBN:
9780748671038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625338.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter deals with the use of sound and music in websites. It concentrates on the McDonalds Corporation ‘I'm lovin' it’ campaign and how its use of music reflects the cultural and political ... More


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