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Introduction

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter contrasts the predictions of globalization skeptics with international economic analysis regarding the effect of globalization on labor conditions. Skeptics argue that globalization ... More


“Beautiful Language and Difficult Ideas”: From New England Factory to New York Sweatshop

Sylvia Jenkins Cook

in Working Women, Literary Ladies: The Industrial Revolution and Female Aspiration

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195327809
eISBN:
9780199870547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327809.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter considers some dramatic changes in the population of working women by the beginning of the 20th century, as well as continuities of the same ideals that had animated the earliest female ... More


Exploitation, Degradation, and Other Moral Concerns

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter accounts for the significance of “external” moral issues, with special concern for labor exploitation and environmental degradation. Standard economic arguments for “sweatshops” do not ... More


Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective

Matthew Potoski and Aseem Prakash (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162500
eISBN:
9780262259132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162500.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The growth of voluntary programs has attracted the attention of policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, and scholars. Thousands of firms around the world participate in these programs, in which ... More


Dramatic Transformations

Jody Heymann

in Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335248
eISBN:
9780199851362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335248.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Gabriela Saavedra was working in a sweatshop. The dangers of her job increased with the sleep deprivation. There was no leave time at the factory, and there were barely breaks for lunch. She couldn't ... More


The discourse of unbridled capitalism in postwar Hong Kong

Mark Hampton

in Hong Kong and British Culture, 1945-97

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099236
eISBN:
9781526104373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099236.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

During the post-war period, as a broad consensus was thought to have formed in the UK around the welfare state, Hong Kong was widely heralded as an arena in which pre-1945 British capitalist and ... More


Workers’ Rights as Human Rights?: Solidarity Campaigns and the Anti-Sweatshop Movement

Steven Vallas, J. Matthew Judge, and Emily R. Cummins

in Democratizing Inequalities: Dilemmas of the New Public Participation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479847273
eISBN:
9781479800223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479847273.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the public debate surrounding sweatshops within a “human rights” frame. Using existing ethnographies and archival data from ten anti-sweatshop campaigns that center on Central ... More


Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Ellen IsraelRosen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Offering an historical analysis of the globalization of the U.S. apparel industry, this book focuses on the reemergence of sweatshops in the United States and the growth of new ones abroad. It probes ... More


Trade Justice

James Christensen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810353
eISBN:
9780191847349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810353.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The international trading system remains a locus of fierce social conflict. The protesters who besiege gatherings of its managers—most famously on the streets of Seattle at the turn of the ... More


The New Global Apparel Trade: Who Wins, Who Loses?

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter addresses the winners and the losers of the globalization of the apparel industry. Executives and managers of the large retail and apparel transnationals have clearly been winners, while ... More


White Hats or Don Quixotes?: Human Rights Vigilantes in the Global Economy

Kimberly Ann Elliott and Richard B. Freeman

in Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261577
eISBN:
9780226261812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261812.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Labor standards in less developed countries became a hot-button issue in discussions of trade and economic development in the 1990s. Standards rose to the top of the public agenda because ... More


Slave and Citizen in the Modern World: Rethinking Emancipation in the Twenty-First Century

Thomas C. Holt

in After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044774
eISBN:
9780813046440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044774.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This essay considers the global dimensions of citizenship, freedom, and emancipation, comparing the emancipations of the nineteenth century to contemporary discussions about citizenship, nation, and ... More


Teamsters, Turtles, and Tainted Toys

Andrew Ross

in Nice Work If You Can Get It: Life and Labor in Precarious Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776292
eISBN:
9780814777398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776292.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter looks at two particular strands of environmental and labor advocacy: the anti-consumerist and the anti-sweatshop movements. The record of attention to labor abuses within the history of ... More


Pragmatism or politics: Leeds Jewish tailors and Leeds Jewish tailoring trade unions, 1876–1915

Anne J. Kershen

in Leeds and its Jewish community: A history

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781526123084
eISBN:
9781526144676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526123084.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter provides a detailed and comprehensive account of the workers and masters in the Leeds tailoring industry. Many of the new immigrants worked in sweatshops and in the outsourced workshops, ... More


A “New Consciousness” for Constructing a Morality of Leisure

William A. Mirola

in Redeeming Time: Protestantism and Chicago's Eight-Hour Movement, 1866-1912

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038839
eISBN:
9780252096792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038839.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details several key eight-hour campaign successes and losses in the 1890s and their impact on the religious framing among workers and clergy. As the 1880s gave way to the 1890s, ... More


Industrial Surfing: The Commodification of Experience

Scott Laderman

in Empire in Waves: A Political History of Surfing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520279100
eISBN:
9780520958043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279100.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the early twenty-first century, surfing was a multibillion-dollar industry. It relied on the neoliberal globalization of the preceding decades, with surfwear corporations employing sweatshop labor ... More


The Effects of Multinational Production on Wages and Working Conditions in Developing Countries

Drusilla K. Brown, Alan V. Deardorff, and Robert M. Stern

in Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226036151
eISBN:
9780226036557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226036557.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter assesses the empirical evidence on the effects of multinational production on wages and working conditions in developing countries. It is motivated by the controversies that have ... More


Garment Workers: Fighting to End Sweatshops

Scott L. Cummings

in An Equal Place: Lawyers in the Struggle for Los Angeles

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190215927
eISBN:
9780190936839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190215927.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Launched in 1995 with the discovery of more than seventy enslaved Thai workers in a suburban apartment complex surrounded by barbed wire fence, the movement to end garment sweatshops—led by the Asian ... More


The Moral Economy of Low-Wage Work

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

in Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841463
eISBN:
9780191876967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841463.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 5 considers the debate over ‘sweatshops’ in the clothing manufacturing industry, arguing that the moral economy of rival positions entails different understandings of the relationship between ... More


A Genealogy of Community Consultation

Shareen Hertel

in Tethered Fates: Companies, Communities, and Rights at Stake

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190903831
eISBN:
9780190050559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190903831.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter offers an historical overview of poor peoples’ involvement with public and private policymaking that has shaped the business and human rights arena over four decades. The chapter reveals ... More


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