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Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras—one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video-surveillance systems are ... More


The Future of Privacy

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter takes a look at the possible future of privacy. It considers the views of privacy defenders, and examines the judgments on where and how to draw a line against the endless erosion of ... More


Government Surveillance

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses government surveillance. It emphasizes that whatever governments can do for their populations, they can also do against them. One good example is using surveillance systems as ... More


The Making of an Issue

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter introduces the concept of privacy, which is defined as the exercise of a genuine option to withhold information on one's self. The discussion is concerned with the question of why people ... More


Considerations in Planning a Surveillance System

Steven M. Teutsch

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter sets the stage for the first half of the book, the principles section. It outlines possible objectives of a system, followed by key steps in system development, data collection, data ... More


Public Health Surveillance in Action: A Framework

Donna F. Stroup, Ron Brookmeyer, and William D. Kalsbeek

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter gives some examples of the importance of statistical and quantitative reasoning in public health surveillance, provides a framework for understanding the sort of data that can be ... More


Introduction

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this book, which is about surveillance systems and crime prevention. It evaluates the effectiveness of closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras and ... More


Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries

Denise Koo, Phyllis A. Wingo, and Charles J. Rothwell

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes two types of data collection that are critical for monitoring the population's health and generating health statistics: notifications and registrations. Notifications are ... More


Using Technologies for Data Collection and Management

Janet J. Hamilton and Richard S. Hopkins

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Quality data collected and summarized at the right time lead to informed decisions, which lead to improved interventions and better health outcomes. Acute disease, condition, or injury field ... More


Quantifying the Issue

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the principles of epidemiology that relate to public health practice. It focuses primarily on methods used to measure and characterize disease frequency in ... More


Occupational and Environmental Health Surveillance

Letitia Davis and Kerry Souza

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes various approaches to occupational and environmental health surveillance. It begins by defining public health surveillance and the basic principles of surveillance, emphazing ... More


On-line Monitoring of Public Health Surveillance Data

Peter Diggle, Leo Knorr-Held, Barry Rowlingson, Ting-Li Su, Peter Hawtin, and Trevor N. Bryant

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Ascertainment and Enhancement of Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance and Statistics (AEGISS) project aims to use spatial statistical methods to identify anomalies in the space-time ... More


Quantifying the Issue

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the principles of epidemiology that relate to public health practice. It focuses primarily on methods used to measure and characterize disease frequency in ... More


Prospects for Economic Cooperation and Integration in East Asia

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Numerous institutional and political issues are hampering East Asian integration. The most important are the absence of leadership, and the different geopolitical interests of China and Japan. The ... More


Introduction: Experimenting with the Face

Kelly A. Gates

in Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732090
eISBN:
9780814733035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732090.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This introductory chapter provides an overview of facial recognition technology (FRT). In the post 9/11 context, FRT emerged as an existing, reliable, and high-tech solution to the most pressing ... More


Public Health Surveillance and the Opioid Crisis

Jeffrey P. Engel, Valerie N. Goodson, Megan Toe, and Michael Landen

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The roles for public health surveillance are well established in the infectious disease surveillance literature; however, as they relate to noninfectious diseases and more specifically the current ... More


Describing the Findings: Descriptive Epidemiology

Robert E. Fontaine and Richard A. Goodman

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses descriptive epidemiology. Field epidemiologists will either collect, or be presented with data from outbreak investigations, surveillance systems, vital statistics, or other ... More


Local Organization of the Gestapo and Police Network

Robert Gellately

in The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228691
eISBN:
9780191678806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228691.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

To the many who had lived in Nazi Germany, the effectiveness of the Gestapo and their surveillance system rested on a large number of spies and paid informers. It is true that the citizens of Germany ... More


The Road to Public Surveillance: Breeching Attention Thresholds

Doris A. Graber

in The Affect Effect: Dynamics of Emotion in Political Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226574417
eISBN:
9780226574431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226574431.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter forces emotion-driven attention out of the laboratory and into the buzzing confusion of everyday life. The key to resolving the attention-arousal puzzle seems to lie in producing fear- ... More


The New Global Framework for Pandemic Influenza Virus- and Vaccine-Sharing

Robert Gatter

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the 2007 controversy that ensued when Indonesia briefly stopped sharing its flu strains with the World Health Organization (WHO). It then looks at the World Health Assembly's ... More


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