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Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Politics

Christopher Balding

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842902
eISBN:
9780199932498
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842902.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Sovereign wealth funds are a dynamic and sizeable force in international finance. There is surprisingly little information about their history, economics, investments, and politics. This book seeks ... More


COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The collapse in commodity prices since 1980 has been a major cause of the economic crisis in a large number of developing countries. This book investigates whether the commodity-producing countries, ... More


The Impact of Passive Leverage: The EU and Eastern Europe, 1989–94

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU had a negligible impact on the course of political change in the new democracies from 1989 to 1994. This chapter traces empirically the relationship between the EU and the liberal and ... More


The Transition to Liberal Democracy

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Two related historical facts welcomed liberal democracy or the liberal-democratic state. On one hand, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, social contract theory imposed a major setback to ... More


Commentary 6.6: Creating a Roadmap for Sustainable, Transformational Change

John Elkington

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

We are entering a period of breakthrough capitalism. Firms of all sizes, but especially small and medium, flexible and entrepreneurial firms, are beginning to experiment and lead with new forms of ... More


Germany: Stability and Strategy in a Mixed‐Member Proportional System

Thomas Saalfeld

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

If mixed-member systems are ‘in vogue’, then the choice of many electoral reformers in Germany is the archetype for this system. Electors have two votes, one for a candidate in a single member ... More


Thinking about Funding Federal Retirement Plans

Toni Hustead

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Most US federal retirement plans are now fully funded, but since plan assets must legally be invested in federal securities, fund surpluses are used to reduce overall federal budget deficits. As a ... More


Introduction

Ash Asudeh

in The Logic of Pronominal Resumption

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199206421
eISBN:
9780191738081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206421.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces the main theoretical hypothesis of the book, the Resource Sensitivity Hypothesis. With respect to semantics, the hypothesis is that the meaning of each part of a linguistic ... More


Capital Formation

Young‐Iob Chung

in South Korea in the Fast Lane: Economic Development and Capital Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325454
eISBN:
9780199783908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325454.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses the balance between investment and savings by examining the deficit and surplus savings sectors for the last half of the 20th century following the Korean War. In order to gain ... More


 Buying Cheap

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews classical topics in economics. It is intended mostly for readers who have not studied economics before, but it is written in a style that will perhaps offer something new for ... More


Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Oliver Grant

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Presenting a new view of German history in the late 19th century, the author argues that many of the problems of Imperial Germany were temporary ones produced by the strain of rapid ... More


Tax, Empire, and the Logic of Spanish Decline

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the impact of debt leveraging on the long-run development of Castile. Compared to the other great European powers after 1500, Spain's fiscal policy showed no signs of imperial ... More


Autochthonous Antigone: Breaking Ground

Liz Appel

in Interrogating Antigone in Postmodern Philosophy and Criticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199559213
eISBN:
9780191594403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559213.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter uses the trope of autochthony in order to consider Antigone as the figure for a radical kind of self‐authorization. Following Judith Butler, this chapter considers Antigone as the ... More


The Pattern of Migration, 1870–1913

OLIVER GRANT

in Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the factors which affected the pace of migration, and which eventually led to a change in the pattern of migration as the labour surplus phase came to an end. Topics discussed ... More


Migration in Germany 1870–1913: A Statistical Analysis

OLIVER GRANT

in Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents the examination of migration statistics using modern econometric analysis. The results show that there was a period of intense rural-urban migration in the 1870s and 1880s, and ... More


The ‘Queen of All Trees’: The Olive in Late Antique Agriculture

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 5 examines the cultivation of the olive tree. Oil was universally consumed and was a critical fuel, medicinal base, and lubricant. The characteristics of olive production are described and ... More


Trade, Agriculture, and the Economy of the Late Antique East

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 8 details the trade in those products discussed above. As the conditions that rendered surplus production not only likely, but integral to the functioning of the late antique economy, the ... More


Auctions II: Dependent Values

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Considers auctions with non-independent valuations. Equilibrium bidding behaviour in the first price, second price, and English auctions is characterized. Revenue comparisons are given, showing that ... More


A Civilizing Influence? The Female Migrant

Marjory Harper and Stephen Constantine

in Migration and Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199250936
eISBN:
9780191594847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Social expectations largely explain why UK emigrants and others, including indentured workers, were disproportionately male. Many women who did migrate, including immigrants into the UK, were ... More


The Role of Surplus Labour

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter demonstrates that attempts to explain Chinese growth in terms of the transfer of surplus labour from agriculture to industry are unconvincing. The Lewis model, out of which ... More


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