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How the “Surge” Came to Be

Stephen Hadley, Meghan O’Sullivan, and Peter Feaver

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter explores first-hand insights from President Bush's national security advisor, Stephen J. Hadley, and two National Security Council staff members, Meghan O'Sullivan and Peter Feaver, ... More


Blood, Treasure, and Time: Strategy-Making for the Surge

Richard K. Betts

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0013
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter places the surge decision in the context of the broader history of the Iraq War and offers a modestly positive appraisal. Indeed, the surge is only important in how it affected the ... More


Strategy and the Surge

Joshua Rovner

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter studies the relationship between strategy and the surge. Strategy is the bridge that links military operations and political objectives in war. A practical strategy describes those ... More


The Bush Administration’s Decision to Surge in Iraq: A Long and Winding Road

Richard H. Immerman

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0016
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter argues—using the Eisenhower administration as a model of peacetime national security decision making—that the surge decision-making process displayed by the oral histories was ... More


Civil-Military Relations and the 2006 Iraq Surge

Kori Schake

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter challenges the notion that the surge effort emerged from a process characterized by high degrees of internal dysfunction and civil–military discord. Instead, the challenges and ... More


Iraq, Vietnam, and the Meaning of Victory

Andrew Preston

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter offers a comparison of George W. Bush's decision-making process in the Iraq War with that of Lyndon B. Johnson's in the Vietnam War. In both Vietnam and Iraq, the United States had to ... More


The Iraq War, 2003–2011

James H. Lebovic

in Planning to Fail: The US Wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190935320
eISBN:
9780190937263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935320.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The George W. Bush administration showed signs of biased decision-making before and after the 2003 Iraq invasion, which it claimed was necessary because Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction. ... More


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