Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 25 items

  • Keywords: surface tension x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

SURFACE ENERGY AND CAPILLARY PRESSURE

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energies associated with surfaces — surface energy, interfacial energy, surface tension, and work of adhesion — drive many surface phenomena including tribological ones such as adhesion and ... More


SURFACE PROPERTIES

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the molecular theory of surface properties and of the properties of inhomogeneous fluids is described. Distribution functions and molecular order parameters that give the molecular ... More


NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF TWO-FLUID PROBLEMS

Jean-Frédéric Gerbeau, Claude Le Bris, and Tony Lelièvre

in Mathematical Methods for the Magnetohydrodynamics of Liquid Metals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566656
eISBN:
9780191718014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566656.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter deals with the discretization issues raised by multifluid magnetohydrodynamics problems. The additional difficulty compared to those in Chapter 3, is the presence of one (or many) free ... More


Surface tension

John W. M. Bush

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter presents a pedagogical discussion of the surface tension and its manifestation in a number of fluid systems. Interfacial boundary conditions are derived and then applied in various ... More


Surface Tension

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses theoretical equations and models for analysing the surface tension of metallic liquids. It covers semi-empirical equations for the surface tension of liquid metallic elements; ... More


Capillarity, wetting, and surface (interfacial) tension

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Capillarity reflects the action of interfacial tension and has been central to understanding intermolecular forces. When a liquid meets a solid surface (with contact angle θ‎) it forms a meniscus ... More


Rods, bubbles, and magnets

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter shows how thermodynamics can be applied to other types of system. It considers three examples in detail: the elastic rod, the surface tension in a liquid, and the assembly of magnetic ... More


Surfaces and surfactants

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Surfaces, or more generally, interfaces, are important in soft matter by two reasons. The weak forces associated with surfaces, such as the surface tension and inter-surface forces, are important in ... More


Foams at equilibrium

Isabelle Cantat

in Foams: Structure and Dynamics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662890
eISBN:
9780191763038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662890.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter we discuss the structure and stability of foams at equilibrium. We start with a qualitative description of foam physics before turning to very dry foam structures. We will show how ... More


Surfaces and interfaces

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the properties of 3He surfaces and its interfaces with other substances. It presents a selection of experiments and their interpretation is made under six headings: restricted ... More


Liquid Drop Physics

Gino Segrè and John Stack

in Unearthing Fermi's Geophysics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226805146
eISBN:
9780226805283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226805283.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This relatively short chapter goes beyond the earlier description of a liquid and its vapor in thermal and mechanical equilibrium to consider the case of drop formation within a saturated vapor: the ... More


THE STRUCTURE OF IONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The interaction of electrons and positive ions with liquid helium is very strong and locally modifies the environment. Positive ions polarize the surrounding fluid. Electrostriction produces such a ... More


Surface Energy and Capillary Pressure

C. Mathew Mate and Robert W. Carpick

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Modern Textbook on Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199609802
eISBN:
9780191747724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199609802.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The energies associated with surfaces—surface energy, interfacial energy, surface tension, and work of adhesion—drive many surface and interfacial phenomena including tribological ones such as ... More


Adsorption of surfactants at liquid interfaces: thermodynamics

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The thickness and hence material content of a surface is generally unknown, and there are two common definitions of a surface/interface. In one the surface is treated as a phase distinct from the ... More


Thermodynamics and Transport Properties

Thorvald Abel Engh, Geoffrey K. Sigworth, and Anne Kvithyld

in Principles of Metal Refining and Recycling

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198811923
eISBN:
9780191850035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811923.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The fundamentals of thermodynamics are reviewed, focusing on the chemistry of high-temperature metals, oxides (slags), and salts. Thermochemical data are provided for important molten metals: the ... More


Inhomogeneous fluids

Michael P. Allen and Dominic J. Tildesley

in Computer Simulation of Liquids: Second Edition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803195
eISBN:
9780191841439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803195.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter, the special techniques needed to simulate and calculate properties for inhomogeneous systems are presented. The estimation of surface properties, such as the interfacial tension, may ... More


Predictions of Surface Tension

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 2 — Predictive Models

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729846
eISBN:
9780191796661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729846.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The surface tension of metallic liquids is one of the most important thermophysical properties. In any and every liquid metallic processing operation, the behaviour of metallic liquids is closely ... More


The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I. L. Guthrie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The main purpose of materials science and engineering is to make the best use of all the elements in the periodic table. This leads to the effective use and conservation of natural resources. For ... More


Movement in Water

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how the physical properties of water influence and explain the great diversity of swimming performance and mechanisms - from the scale of spermatozoa on up to whales. The key ... More


Fluids and fluid properties

Marcel Escudier

in Introduction to Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198719878
eISBN:
9780191840180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719878.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter it is shown that the differences between solids, liquids, and gases have to be explained at the level of the molecular structure. The continuum hypothesis makes it possible to ... More


View: