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Recreative Minds

Gregory Currie and Ian Ravenscroft

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238089
eISBN:
9780191679568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Aesthetics

This book develops a philosophical theory of imagination that draws upon recent theories and results in psychology. Ideas about how we read the minds of others have put the concept of imagination ... More


Existential Import and the Square of Opposition

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The sixth chapter discusses the issue of how the reconstruction of the relevant parts of Buridan’s logic and medieval logic in general, using restricted variables, validates the attribution of ... More


The Properties of Terms (Proprietates Terminorum)

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Having seen the limitations of a reconstruction of Buridan’s semantics in terms of a modified quantification theory, this chapter begins engaging Buridan’s theory in its own terms, starting with a ... More


Puzzling over the Imagination: Philosophical Problems, Architectural Solutions

Jonathan M. Weinberg and Aaron Meskin

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses three distinct philosophical issues concerning the imagination: the puzzle of emotions and fiction, imaginative resistance, and the distinction between imagination and ... More


Imagination and Simulation in Audience Responses to Fiction

Alvin Goldman

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers how imagination generates emotion. ‘Supposition-imagination’ (S-imagination) is distinguished from ‘enactment-imagination’ (E-imagination). The former kind of imagination ... More


Why Pretend?

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter studies the question of children's motivations to engage in pretence, using an account provided by Nichols and Stich in 2003 as a stalking horse. It argues that they are correct about ... More


‘The Solace of Doubt’? Biographical Methodology after the Short Twentieth Century

James Walter

in Mapping Lives: The Uses of Biography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263181
eISBN:
9780191734595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263181.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses some of the trends in the twentieth century that have emerged in publications on how to write biographies, and emphasizes the trends of the past twenty years. Its focus is on ... More


Truth, Falsity, and Unity

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question: What distinguishes a declarative sentence from a mere list of words? The tradition has always assumed that declarative sentences are semantically complex, and it ... More


Categorical Propositions

Alexander Broadie

in Introduction to Medieval Logic

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240266
eISBN:
9780191680137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, History of Philosophy

‘Proposition’ was commonly defined in terms of truth. Paul of Venice, for example, following a long tradition, said that a proposition is ‘indicative speech signifying something true or something ... More


 Supposing, Updating, and Reflection

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Like conditional probability, conditional belief is not easy to understand. The chapter argues that conditional belief is best interpreted as suppositional belief. This raises the question of how ... More


The Puzzle of Imaginative Resistance

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents and discusses the puzzle of imaginative resistance: the puzzle of explaining our comparative difficulty in imagining fictional worlds that we take to be morally deviant. It ... More


Modality

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 argues that (i) though some modal necessities that govern thinking are a priori and some are not, the nature of the necessity involved is the same, (ii) the modal concept of necessity is ... More


Brains in a Vat

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides the first extended attempt to provide a reconstruction and critique of the Putnamian anti-sceptical strategy.


Introduction

Robert J. O'Connell

in William James on the Courage to Believe

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823217274
eISBN:
9780823284962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823217274.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This introductory chapter discusses how William James' “The Will to Believe” has stimulated adverse criticisms, some of them fierce, as well as equally impassioned essays in defense. Philosophers ... More


Family and Friends

Gregory Currie

in Recreative Minds

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238089
eISBN:
9780191679568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238089.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Aesthetics

This chapter discusses the various phenomena that might, or might not, be kinds of recreative imaginings. Imagery, in its various forms, is, and so far are fantasy and supposition. Supposition is an ... More


Mental Actions and the No‐Content Problem

Lucy O'Brien

in Mental Actions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199225989
eISBN:
9780191710339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225989.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that a certain kind of object-dependent externalism can be shown to be problematic when we focus on the role of mental action in our thinking. The mental action the chapter ... More


Updating, Supposing, and MAXENT

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is minimizing the Kullback-Leibler divergence subject to a constraint a rule of inductive inference, as some have proposed. This chapter suggests that it is better seen as a method for counterfactual ... More


Unearthly Earth: Mortuary Lyric

D. Vance Smith

in Arts of Dying: Literature and Finitude in Medieval England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226640853
eISBN:
9780226641041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226641041.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

A four-line poem in Harley 2253 pushes the single word "earth" to the limits of sense: it means so much that it also means almost nothing. It plays out the problem of reference in death: there is no ... More


Articulating Medieval Logic

Terence Parsons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199688845
eISBN:
9780191768002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688845.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Ancient Philosophy

Medieval logic consists of theories and practices clustered around a core of rules and axioms; the logic contains widely known principles which can be derived from the core. These are used by ... More


Suppose and Tell: The Semantics and Heuristics of Conditionals

Timothy Williamson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860662
eISBN:
9780191893391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book argues that our use of conditionals is governed by imperfectly reliable heuristics, in the psychological sense of fast and frugal (or quick and dirty) ways of assessing them. The primary ... More


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