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Toward a European Social Policy—At Last?

Bruno Palier and Philippe Pochet

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The achievements in European social policy are generally considered weak at best. The European Union’s apparent liberal and supply-side bias lends credence to the idea of a convergence towards the ... More


Transportation Infrastructure: Roads

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter illustrates many of the economic concepts discussed in previous chapters. First, road infrastructure exhibits the classic supply-side economic characteristics, which are commonly ... More


The Merits of Mammon

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The economic approach to religion has critics and supporters. Theologians say it reduces a spiritual human phenomenon to self-interest or to “buying and selling.” Evolutionary biologists say the ... More


Marketplace of the Gods

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “religious economies” of every society are a balance of monopoly and competition. Competition develops around religious market niches where suppliers meet consumer demand. No single religion (or ... More


The Democratic Experiment: A Supply-Side Theory of Political Ideas and Institutions

Paul M. Sniderman and Edward H. Stiglitz

in The Reputational Premium: A Theory of Party Identification and Policy Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154145
eISBN:
9781400842551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154145.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on how to think more productively about the democratic experiment and political competence. It begins by summarizing this study's theory and findings. It then looks at the ... More


Supply‐Side Macroeconomics

Edmund S. Phelps

in Seven Schools of Macroeconomic Thought

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283331
eISBN:
9780191596766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283334.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter gives a review of the development and theory of supply‐side macroeconomics, which made its first appearance with a provocative pamphlet on the fiscal–monetary policy mix in the USA ... More


The Golden Age of Capitalism: Reinterpreting the Postwar Experience

Stephen A. Marglin and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198287414
eISBN:
9780191684548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198287414.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For some twenty years after the Second World War, Keynesian economic policies in countries of the capitalist West were successful in generating rapid growth with high employment. This ‘golden age of ... More


Monetarism

Lutz G. Arnold

in Business Cycle Theory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256815
eISBN:
9780191698385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256815.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses that Monetarism emerged as a separate school of thought in business cycle theory from Friedman's work on monetary economics in the 1950s and 1960s. The major accomplishment of ... More


Real Business Cycles

Lutz G. Arnold

in Business Cycle Theory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256815
eISBN:
9780191698385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256815.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents a very simple Real Business Cycle (RBC) model and introduces a more elaborate basic RBC model. It also discusses some extensions to the basic RBC model. The chapter furthermore ... More


The Metamorphoses of Labour Relations

Franz Traxler, Sabine Blaschke, and Bernhard Kittel

in National Labour Relations in Internationalized Markets: A Comparative Study of Institutions, Change and Performance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295549
eISBN:
9780191685132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295549.003.0021
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

Because of the change from demand-side to supply-side policies, both liberal and corporatist labour relations underwent shifts in the period under consideratin in this book: from pluralism to ... More


Monetary Policy with Very Low Inflation in the Pacific Rim

Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226378978
eISBN:
9780226379012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226379012.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Extremely low inflation rates have moved to the forefront of monetary policy discussions. In Asia, a number of countries—most prominently Japan, but also Taiwan and China—have actually experienced ... More


Wage Employment in Africa

Christopher Cramer, John Sender, and Arkebe Oqubay

in African Economic Development: Evidence, Theory, Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198832331
eISBN:
9780191870972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832331.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most economists think there is little wage employment in Africa and doubt the potential for faster growth of paid employment. They favour supply-side measures encouraging self-employment. The ... More


Supplying Compliance with Trade Rules: Explaining the EU's Responses to Adverse WTO Rulings

Alasdair R. Young

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780192845610
eISBN:
9780191937835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192845610.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Trade agreements have become politicized because of public concerns that trade rules constrain regulatory decisions. How much international obligations constrain state behavior, however, is contested ... More


After the Crisis: Reform, Recovery, and Growth in Europe

Francesco Caselli, Mário Centeno, and José Tavares (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198754688
eISBN:
9780191816260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754688.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book reassesses the twin projects of structural reform and European integration in the wake of the Great Recession and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis. A brief introduction compares the ... More


Evidence: How Basin Riparian Countries Cope with Water Scarcity and Variability

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

in International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter builds on the empirical results presented in Chapters 3 and 4 that consider the relationship between scarcity, variability and cooperation as well as treaty effectiveness. It also builds ... More


Making Olson work: rejuvenating ‘supply-side’ explanations

Darren Halpin

in Groups, Representation and Democracy: Between Promise and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076527
eISBN:
9781781701690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076527.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter scrutinizes the argument of Mancur Olson regarding collective action. His thesis has been instrumental in fostering pessimism about the democratic potential of groups. This chapter ... More


Sources of Disruption

Joshua Gans

in The Disruption Dilemma

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034487
eISBN:
9780262333832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034487.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter demonstrates that there are in fact two fully articulated theories of disruption. Interestingly, both originated with Harvard Ph.D. students in the early 1990s who eventually became ... More


Re-connecting with ‘what unemployment means’: employability, the experience of unemployment and priorities for policy in an era of crisis

Lindsay Colin

in Social policy review 22: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2010

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427113
eISBN:
9781447303497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427113.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter provides an insightful appraisal of New Labour's ‘Work First’ supply-side approach to unemployment policy in new circumstances. It reconnects with earlier work by Adrian Sinfield, from a ... More


Citizenship education in international perspective: lessons from the UK and overseas

Kisby Ben and James Sloam

in Social Policy Review 23: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428301
eISBN:
9781447303503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428301.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter focuses specifically on ‘citizenship education’ in the UK and comparable countries. It discusses separately the programmes of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, and also ... More


Creating a patient-led NHS: empowering ‘consumers’ or shrinking the state?

Ruth McDonald

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses developments in health policy. It makes clear that individual choice has a number of different roles to play in healthcare. It explains that the introduction of patient choice ... More


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