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Introduction

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter sets out the scope of the book: small-scale exploitation of wild species rather than large scale commercial operations such as fishing fleets, forestry or farming; a ... More


John Law: Economic Theorist and Policy-maker

Antoin E. Murphy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286493
eISBN:
9780191596674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828649X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Despite his popular reputation as a rake and a gambler, John Law (1671–1729) left a remarkable legacy of economic concepts at a time when economic conceptualization was very much at an embryonic ... More


Government’s Roles in the Economy

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the economic roles and function of governments. It explains that governments have important economic functions even where markets constitute the basic resource allocation ... More


Did the Taliban’s Ban Really Matter?

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the dynamics of the heroin market, as evident in its response to the Taliban opium cutback. It discusses the observed changes in the price and purity of opiates throughout the ... More


A Theory of Private Authority

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes a theory of private authority, based on the notion of supply and demand, that explains when private authority emerges and why, and whether it is delegated or entrepreneurial. A ... More


Economics and efficiency

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the ‘dismal science’ of economics to non-economists, and draws trained economists' attention to those parts of their discipline that are most relevant in the context of this ... More


The Market

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the third of six chapters on the logic of price. It deals with the phenomenon of the market, and starts with a discourse on the ‘logic of price’ and a critique of the supply and demand ... More


After the ACA: Freeing the Market for Healthcare

John H. Cochrane

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter surveys the supply, demand, and market for health care and health insurance. It concludes that a much less regulated system is possible and necessary. Cost control and technology ... More


Labour Market Institutions and Income Inequality: What are the New Insights after the Washington Consensus?

Rolph van der Hoeven and Catherine Saget

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Looks at some of the labour market outcomes of recent economic reforms. The extent to which labour market institutions affect the relationship between reform policies and income inequality remains ... More


Investment Capital for British Industry: A Failure of Demand or Supply?

Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

3i has always been demand-led, attempting to meet all justifiable requests for long-term and permanent capital and then financing its commitments by raising money wherever it can. In practice, new ... More


Labour Policy: Resolving the Mismatch between Demand and Supply

Grace O. M. Lee

in Gaming, Governance and Public Policy in Macao

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083282
eISBN:
9789882209824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083282.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter assesses the provisions of the new Labour Law and considers whether retraining programmes can resolve the current mismatch between labour demand and supply.


The End of the Beginning

Glenn Yago and Susanne Trimbath

in Beyond Junk Bonds: Expanding High Yield Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195149234
eISBN:
9780199871865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149238.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

An account and analysis is given of the largely unanticipated decline of the US high‐yield market in 1989 and 1990, and its subsequent rallying in 1991 and 1992. Structural and cyclical factors ... More


Is Higher Education All That Unusual?

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

in Why Does College Cost So Much?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter compares the time paths for the post–World War II period of higher education prices and the prices of other goods and services produced in the economy. Using simple graphs, it shows that ... More


Divided duties: diasporic subjectivities and ‘race relations’ dramas (Supply and Demand, The Bill, Second Generation)

Geraldine Harris

in Beyond Representation: Television Drama and the Politics and Aesthetics of Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074585
eISBN:
9781781701010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074585.003.0013
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

This chapter explores whether or not British television crime drama could be said to be ‘inherently racist’ on the level of form as well as representation. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


A Multistate Empirical Analysis of Homeowners’ Insurance

Howard C. Kunreuther and Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan

in At War with the Weather: Managing Large-Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012829
eISBN:
9780262255431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012829.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The homeowner must choose the best insurance coverage offered in the market. The lowest prices are generally offered by “preferred insurers,” or insurers with more stringent underwriting standards, ... More


The Dynamics of Migrant Employment in Construction: Can Supply of Skilled Labour ever Match Demand?

Paul Chan, Linda Clarke, and Andrew Dainty

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

The role migrant workers play in reconciling supply and demand of skilled labour in the UK construction industry is scrutinized in this chapter. Given the idiosyncratic, project‐based nature of the ... More


The Complex Relationship between Healthcare Reform and Innovation

Darius Lakdawalla, Anup Malani, and Julian Reif

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Health care expenditure in the United States has grown rapidly, exceeding the annual growth in GDP by 2.5% since 1960. This rise has strained budgets and is the focus of the current national debate ... More


The Future of the Global Food Economy: Scenarios for Supply, Demand, and Prices

Mark W. Rosegrant, Simla Tokgoz, and Prapti Bhandary

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Several food price spikes since 2007 have motivated researchers and policymakers to weigh the factors behind high food prices, their implications for long-term food security, and the connection ... More


Economics and efficiency

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter, the longest in the book, explains the fundamentals of microeconomics and its application to the analysis of health and healthcare. The concepts of scarcity and opportunity costs lie at ... More


Housing demand, supply and the geography of inequality

Christine M.E. Whitehead

in Building on the past: Visions of housing futures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347510
eISBN:
9781447301578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347510.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter addresses the questions of supply and demand. It begins by looking at the primary reasons for increased demand since the 1980s, and considers the demographics, incomes, finance, ... More


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