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THE : Context Sensitivity

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the significance of the context sensitivity of definite descriptions (singular and plural) and suggests some ways of understanding it. It argues that many uses of definite ... More


Objects as Structured Wholes

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter demonstrates that a structure-based neo-Aristotelian mereology for ordinary material objects can be defended utilizing a single relation of parthood with relatively straightforward ... More


Competition for Metals among Microbes and Their Host

Michael A. Bachman and Jeffrey N. Weiser

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Both microorganisms and their eukaryotic hosts must acquire and compete for metal ions, often from scarce environmental sources, for their metabolism. Since metal ions can also be toxic, their ... More


Intervention Strategies for Metal Deficiency and Overload

Fudi Wang and Lihong Zhang

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An increasing amount of evidence shows the linkage between metal ion homeostasis and human disease. Deficiency or overload of metal ions play vital roles in many human diseases, including infectious ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Nutrition-Based Approaches to Early Childhood Development

Aisha K. Yousafzai, Mohammad Y. Yakoob, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Undernutrition during pregnancy and early childhood is a major public health issue in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 35% of all child deaths. For every child who survives, ... More


Nutritional support for the head and neck cancer patient

Clare Shaw

in Palliative Care Consultations in Head and Neck Cancer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530749
eISBN:
9780191730467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530749.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses providing nutritional support for patients with head and neck cancer. It shows that nutritional screening, assessment, and implementation of appropriate nutritional support are ... More


Early childhood: The essential foundation

Jo Boyden, Andrew Dawes, Paul Dornan, and Colin Tredoux

in Tracing the Consequences of Child Poverty: Evidence from the Young Lives study of Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447348313
eISBN:
9781447348481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348313.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses the absolute importance of a good start in early childhood as the foundation for later human development. It focuses on two core development concerns: under-nutrition, and ... More


The Duty to Work

Simon Deakin and Frank Wilkinson

in The Law of the Labour Market: Industrialization, Employment, and Legal Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198152811
eISBN:
9780191673153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152811.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers the evolution of the duty to work from the time of the poor law to the present day. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 looks at the structure of the poor law at the ... More


The Supplement: Hermeneutical or Deconstructive?

Georges B. J. Dreyfus

in The Sound of Two Hands Clapping: The Education of a Tibetan Buddhist Monk

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232594
eISBN:
9780520928244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232594.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In the previous chapter's discussion of Tibetan monastic education, the notion of commentary was considered unproblematic. Hermeneutically, commentary was examined as an incorporative activity. ... More


Pica as a Micronutrient Supplement

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter continues the discussion began in Chapter 7 and explores the possibility that a micronutrient deficiency motivates pica. It examines predictions that can be made from this hypothesis: ... More


The Ontological Constitution of Cognition and the Epistemological Constitution of Cognitive Science: Phenomenology, Enaction, and Technology

Véronique Havelange

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a review of the major analyses of Husserlian phenomenology in order to show how this renews the questions of the Ontological Constitution of Cognition (OCC), the Epistemological ... More


Is Decentralized Iron Fortification a Feasible Option to Fight Anemia among the Poorest?

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Rachel Glennerster (eds)

in Explorations in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903378
eISBN:
9780226903385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903385.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes the impact of a village-level health intervention to fortify locally milled flour. Iron deficiency is believed to be the most common nutrient deficiency in the world today, and ... More


Down Syndrome

Patricia D. Jackson, Melinda Wendland, and Shirley W. Ekvall

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses Down syndrome, including physical, biochemical, and other abnormalities and associated medical conditions such as congenital heart defects, gastrointestinal problems, ... More


From sensory substitution to perceptual supplementation

Charles Lenay and Matthieu Tixier

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0058
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter introduces the principle of sensory substitution and presents the main systems which currently exist, starting with the pioneering work of Paul Bach-y-Rita. Some research in this domain ... More


Parts of Propositions

Cody Gilmore

in Mereology and Location

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199593828
eISBN:
9780191758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593828.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Do Russellian propositions have their constituents as parts? One reason for thinking not is that if they did, they would generate counterexamples to plausible mereological principles. As Frege noted, ... More


Enhancement and Aquaculture

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn

in Ocean Recovery: A sustainable future for global fisheries?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198839767
eISBN:
9780191875533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839767.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Enhancement and Aquaculture. Fish stock enhancement involves growing small fish in a hatchery and releasing them in the wild to augment natural fish production. It is widely practiced for Pacific ... More


‘Good paragraphing. Unusual content’: On the Making and Unmaking of Novelistic Worlds

Julika Griem

in Beyond the Ancient Quarrel: Literature, Philosophy, and J.M. Coetzee

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198805281
eISBN:
9780191852381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805281.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Many of the essays in this volume challenge the idea that literature should be valued chiefly as a useful supplement to philosophy. But there is a possibility that even approaching literature with ... More


Ontology: The Existents

Uriah Kriegel

in Brentano's Philosophical System: Mind, Being, Value

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198791485
eISBN:
9780191850493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791485.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is there? Brentano’s formal answer is simply: that in which it is fitting to believe. But in what is it fitting to believe? Brentano’s considered answer to that question is decidedly nominalist, ... More


Dimensional Specification

David Conan Wolfsdorf

in On Goodness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190688509
eISBN:
9780190688530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190688509.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Gradable properties are called “dimensions”; dimensions that are specifiable by kind are called “dimension-types.” Tokenings of “good” almost always involve specification of the dimension-type of ... More


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