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Semi-Supervised Learning

Olivier Chapelle, Bernhard Scholkopf, and Alexander Zien (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

In the field of machine learning, semi-supervised learning (SSL) occupies the middle ground, between supervised learning (in which all training examples are labeled) and unsupervised learning (in ... More


Introduction to Semi-Supervised Learning

Chapelle Olivier, Schölkopf Bernhard, and Zien Alexander

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter first presents definitions of supervised and unsupervised learning in order to understand the nature of semi-supervised learning (SSL). SSL is halfway between supervised and unsupervised ... More


A Discussion of Semi-Supervised Learning and Transduction

Chapelle Olivier, Schölkopf Bernhard, and Zien Alexander

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0025
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter presents a fictitious discussion inspired by real discussions between the editors of this book and a number of people, including Vladimir Vapnik. It involves three researchers; for ... More


Introduction and Problem Formulation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter provides an introduction to covariate shift adaptation toward machine learning in a non-stationary environment. It begins by discussing cover machine learning under covariate shift. It ... More


Label Propagation and Quadratic Criterion

Bengio Yoshua, Delalleau Olivier, and Roux Nicolas Le

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter shows how the different graph-based algorithms for semi-supervised learning can be cast into a common framework where one minimizes a quadratic cost criterion whose closed-form solution ... More


Risks of Semi-Supervised Learning: How Unlabeled Data Can Degrade Performance of Generative Classifiers

Cozman Fabio and Cohen Ira

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter presents a number of conclusions. Firstly, labeled and unlabeled data contribute to a reduction in variance in semi-supervised learning under maximum-likelihood estimation. Secondly, ... More


Metric-Based Approaches for Semi-Supervised Regression and Classification

Schuurmans Dale, Southey Finnegan, Wilkinson Dana, and Guo Yuhong

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0023
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses the explicit relationship that must be asserted between labeled and unlabeled data, which is a requirement of semi-supervised learning methods. Semi-supervised model selection ... More


Learning and control

Ivan Herreros

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter discusses basic concepts from control theory and machine learning to facilitate a formal understanding of animal learning and motor control. It first distinguishes between feedback and ... More


Semi-Supervised Text Classification Using EM

Nigam Kamal, McCallum Andrew, and Mitchell Tom

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter explores the use of generative models for semi-supervised learning with labeled and unlabeled data in domains of text classification. The widely used naive Bayes classifier for ... More


Semi-Supervised Protein Classification Using Cluster Kernels

Weston Jason, Leslie Christina, Ie Eugene, and Noble William Stafford

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter describes an experimental study of large-scale semi-supervised learning for the problem of protein classification. The protein classification problem, a central problem in computational ... More


Transductive Inference and Semi-Supervised Learning

Vapnik Vladimir

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0024
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses the difference between transductive inference and semi-supervised learning. It argues that transductive inference captures the intrinsic properties of the mechanism for ... More


Modifying Distances

Orlitsky Alon

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses density-based metrics induced by Riemannian manifold structures. It presents asymptotically consistent methods to estimate and compute these metrics and present upper and lower ... More


An Augmented PAC Model for Semi-Supervised Learning

Balcan Maria-Florina and Blum Avrim

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0022
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter describes an augmented version of the PAC model, designed with semi-supervised learning in mind, that can be used to help think about the problem of learning from labeled and unlabeled ... More


Prediction of Protein Function from Networks

Shin Hyunjung and Tsuda Koji

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter describes an algorithm to assign weights to multiple graphs within graph-based semi-supervised learning. Both predicting class labels and searching for weights for combining multiple ... More


Analysis of Benchmarks

Chapelle Olivier, Schölkopf Bernhard, and Zien Alexander

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0021
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different semi-supervised learning (SSL) algorithms through inviting the authors of each chapter in this book to apply their algorithms to eight ... More


On Bayesian Transduction: Implications for the Covariate Shift Problem

Kai Hansen Lars

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter analyzes Bayesian supervised learning with extensions to semisupervised learning, and learning with covariate or dataset shift. The main result is an expression for the generalization ... More


The importance of Marr’s three levels of analysis for understanding cerebellar function

Paul Dean and John Porrill

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Marr proposed that complex information processing systems be analysed at three different levels, those of computation, algorithm and implementation. Applying this framework to current research on the ... More


Automatic Facial Expression Recognition

Jacob Whitehill, Marian Stewart Bartlett, and Javier R. Movellan

in Social Emotions in Nature and Artifact

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195387643
eISBN:
9780199369195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387643.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter we define the problem space and describe the core components of automatic facial expression recognition systems. In particular, we discuss the most prominent methods of face ... More


Cerebellar cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The cerebellar cortex appears to be involved in predictive feedforward control to generate smooth movements. There is a beautiful network architecture which suggests that the granule cells perform ... More


Central Bank Committees and Political Communication

Nicole Baerg

in Crafting Consensus: Why Central Bankers Change Their Speech and How Speech Changes the Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190499488
eISBN:
9780190499518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499488.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Using archival, textual information from Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) transcript data as well as FOMC policy statements, chapter 4 demonstrates that when the chair and median member have ... More


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