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Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book is concerned with the most devastating fungal diseases in history. These are the plagues of trees and crop plants caused by invisible spores that have reshaped entire landscapes and ... More


Impact of ANiS

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter addresses the complex question of how the possible impact of ANiS could be assessed. It argues that an initial important effect of ANIS meetings and programmes is that on it's own ... More


 Samuel Purchas, His Pilgrimage

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

In this early‐seventeenth‐century collection of travel writings we can see tensions between Religion as Christian Truth on the one hand, and the beginnings of a generic concept of religions matched ... More


Secularism’s Magic

Peter van der Veer

in The Modern Spirit of Asia: The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128146
eISBN:
9781400848553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128146.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the question of “popular religion” and the relation between religion and magic in India and China. The categories of popular belief, superstition, and magic have been used by ... More


ANiS in Context

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter provides a description of the criticism and socio-political context of ANiS within Maharashtra. It briefly outlines why rationalism is rejected as a “Western” import from post-colonial ... More


Parish Crisis in a Credulous World

Nicholas Hope

in German and Scandinavian Protestantism 1700-1918

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269946
eISBN:
9780191600647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269943.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Looks at the way parishes and pastoral care coped in hard times (Ch. 1) in the interdependent German and Scandinavian churchscape of the Baltic region. Belief in divine intervention and superstition ... More


Hume's Lucretian Mission: Is It Self-Refuting?

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Whatever the merits of the irreligious interpretation of the Treatise, it may be argued that there remain significant puzzles and problems relating to the coherence of Hume's aim to discredit and ... More


The Dark Side of the Supernatural

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

After the ‘crisis of Satanism’ in seventeenth‐century France, eighteenth‐century churchmen, without denying the reality of witchcraft and demonic possession, took a sceptical attitude towards the ... More


Of Pigeons, Humans, Language, and the Mind

Luca L. Bonatti

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines recent results in artificial language learning, mixing general considerations about the mind with detailed descriptions of experiments and experimental material. It begins by ... More


Magic and the Regulation of Reason

Randall G. Styers

in Making Magic: ReligionMagic and Science in the Modern World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195151077
eISBN:
9780199835263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151070.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the scholarly literature in which magic is defined as faulty or inchoate science. The chapter begins by examining early theoretical constructions of the “primitive”; irrational ... More


Stance and Distance: Social Boundaries, Self‐Lamination, and Metalinguistic Anxiety in White Kenyan Narratives about the African Occult

Janet McIntosh

in Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331646
eISBN:
9780199867974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the complex and sometimes contradictory linguistic and metalinguistic stances of white Kenyan speakers in their conversations about indigenous African religion and spirituality. ... More


Alief and Belief

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces and argues for the importance of a cognitive state that the author calls alief. Roughly speaking, an alief is a mental state with associatively linked content that is ... More


Alief in Action (and Reaction)

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the notion of alief: an innate or habitual propensity to respond to an apparent stimulus in a particular way. Recognizing the role that alief plays in our cognitive repertoire ... More


Hellfire and Common Sense

Nigel Leask

in Robert Burns and Pastoral: Poetry and Improvement in Late Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572618
eISBN:
9780191722974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572618.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 18th-century Literature

This chapter turns to religion, finding in Burns's Kirk satires and related poems manifestations of the poet's satirical genius at its closest rapprochement with the spirit of enlightenment. As well ... More


The Deil and the Exciseman

Nigel Leask

in Robert Burns and Pastoral: Poetry and Improvement in Late Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572618
eISBN:
9780191722974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572618.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 18th-century Literature

This chapter surveys Burns's creative output during the Excise period, especially his ‘making and mending’ of Scottish songs for James Johnson and George Thomson, arguing for a crossover between his ... More


Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Johannes Quack

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In academic no less than popular thought, India is frequently represented as the quintessential land of religion. Disenchanting India qualifies this representation through an analysis of the ... More


Piety in the Torture Chamber

Michael Ostling

in Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587902
eISBN:
9780191731228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587902.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

What can the Polish witch-trials tell us about Christianity in early modern Poland? Missionaries and reformers constructed Christianity in opposition to paganism, superstition, ignorance, and magic—a ... More


Conformity and Superstition

Theodore Zeldin

in France 1848–1945: Volume Two: Intellect, Taste and Anxiety

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198221258
eISBN:
9780191678424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221258.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter suggests that Alexis de Tocqueville's claim that the mores and habits of thought of a country are more influential than its institutions must be pursued further in order to understand ... More


Chasing Ghosts: Spiritualism and the Struggle for Public Knowledge

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter looks at the controversy surrounding Spiritualism in the 1870s. Considered by many a modernized religion more suited to the day's empirical advances, Spiritualism sparked substantial ... More


Visions of the Future: Almanacs, Time, and Cultural Change 1775-1870

Maureen Perkins

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198121787
eISBN:
9780191671302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198121787.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 18th-century Literature

Historians have long puzzled over the ‘death’ of astrology at the end of the seventeenth century. This book demonstrates that astrology was alive and well for much of the nineteenth century, finding ... More


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