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Mineral Weathering

Garrison Sposito

in The Chemistry of Soils

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190630881
eISBN:
9780197559710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630881.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Mineral weathering begins with mineral dissolution, typically as induced by protons or by ligands that form strong complexes with metals (Section 1.4). Proton-induced ... More


The Avrami Equation: Phase Transformations

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When materials are heated or cooled, their structure often changes. This is called a phase transformation. Phase transformations are used extensively to modify and control the final microstructure ... More


Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus

Bernd Kärcher and Peter Spichtinger

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the factors that control cirrus clouds, which include small- and large-scale atmospheric dynamics, ice nucleation behavior of aerosol particles, and interaction with ... More


Comparative Results of 27Al NMR Spectrometric and Ferron Colorimetric Analyses of Hydroxyaluminum Hydrolysis Products in Aged, Mildly Acidic, Aqueous Systems

Davison V. Vivit and Kevin A. Thorn

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The abundant presence of aluminum (Al) in the environment, its commercial importance, and the potential toxic effects of dissolved forms of Al on living organisms have brought about extensive ... More


An Introduction to the Crystallogenesis of Biological Macromolecules

R. Giegé and A. Ducruix

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The word ‘crystal’ is derived from the Greek root ‘krustallos’ meaning ‘clear ice’. Like ice, crystals are chemically well defined, and many among of them are of transparent and glittering ... More


The Nonavian Reptiles: Origins and Evolution

Robert W. Murphy and Gustavo Aguirre-Leon

in Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortés II

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133462
eISBN:
9780197561560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133462.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Early in the history of systematic biology, scientists were interested in documenting the wonders of “the creation.” Specimens procured on expeditions were placed in collections, and spectacular ... More


Reptiles: Ecology

Ted J. Case

in Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortés II

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133462
eISBN:
9780197561560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133462.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The reptiles of the islands of the Sea of Cortés have provided many opportunities to test ecological and biogeographical hypotheses because they support a diverse fauna with much insular endemism; ... More


The Mammals

Timothy E. Lawlor and David J. Hajher

in Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortés II

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133462
eISBN:
9780197561560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133462.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

In The Log of the Sea of Cortez, that memorable treatise of science, adventure, and philosophy, John Steinbeck (1951) made bare mention of mammals. Of course, the main purpose of that effort was to ... More


Seeding Techniques

E. A. Stura

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

A seed provides a template for the assembly of molecules to form a crystal with the same characteristics as the crystal from which it originated. Seeding has often been used as a method of last ... More


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