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Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The counter-intuitive aspects of quantum physics have been illustrated for some time by thought experiments, from Einstein's photon box to Schrödinger's cat. These experiments have now become real, ... More


Quantum entanglement in practice

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains how entanglement witnesses can be measured in practice. The main idea behind the Mach–Zehnder interferometer experiment described earlier is to test for and even measure quantum ... More


The Path Not Taken

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The quantum mechanical superposition state — the wave function — takes shape, and the rules for its deterministic evolution and probabilistic interpretation are developed. A clockwork macrocosm in ... More


The Quantum Postulates

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the concept of a postulate and develops the basic structure of quantum mechanics using three postulates. Postulate 1 introduces the concept of a quantum state as a solution of ... More


The Structure of Quantum States

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The quantum state is the fundamental entity in quantum mechanics. This chapter develops the basic mathematical structure of quantum states by developing the correspondence between states and ordinary ... More


Waves and electromagnetic radiation

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter outlines the fundamental physical terms used to define wave motion such as wavelength, frequency, velocity, amplitude, wave vector, and period from first principles. It also introduces ... More


Superposition, Composition, and Matter

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Rejection of the antisymmetry of part—whole allows us to recognise different objects having the same parts. Objects with the same parts are necessarily in the same place at all times at which they ... More


Entanglement, computation and quantum measurements

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.00012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces a method that combines the concepts of quantum entanglement with those of quantum algorithms. In particular, some bounds are placed on the efficiency (speedup) of quantum ... More


Taking physics seriously

Jeffrey Gray

in Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows that the Hameroff–Penrose theory of how different quantum superpositions in microtubules in different brain areas give rise to different qualia must rely for the origin of these ... More


Patterson methods in powder diffraction: maximum entropy and symmetry minimum function techniques

Michael A. Estermann and William I. F. David

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Starting from a definition of the relationship between a crystal structure and its Patterson function, this chapter considers the role of the Patterson function in the particular context of powder ... More


Quantum entanglement—introduction

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Mach–Zehnder interferometer experiment described earlier shows why and how quantum mechanics is different from classical mechanics. A photon sent through a beam splitter behaves like a particle ... More


Strangeness and power of the quantum

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the non-classical aspects of the quantum theory. The strangeness of the quantum can be traced back to the superposition principle rooted in the linearity of quantum theory. ... More


Quantum Mechanics as a General Framework

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Quantum mechanics is the most basic scientific discipline that we know and in particular can be very insightful for any other field suggesting the necessity to integrate a local and a global ... More


Superposition eyes

Michael F. Land and Dan-Eric Nilsson

in Animal Eyes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199581139
eISBN:
9780191774652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581139.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Superposition eyes produce real, erect images on a retina separated from the optical elements by a clear zone. In refracting superposition eyes, the optical elements may be lens cylinders or corneal ... More


Reduced variables and characteristic relaxation times

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Time—temperature superpositioning is a common method to extend the range of viscoelastic data. Master curves can be calculated that cover many decades of time or frequency, and in principle enable ... More


Quantum Weirdness

William J. Mullin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The predictions of quantum mechanics and their interpretation lead to many surprises, for example, the ability to detect the characteristics of an object without ever probing it in any way, via ... More


Oscillations of linear chains

Gleb L. Kotkin and Valeriy G. Serbo

in Exploring Classical Mechanics: A Collection of 350+ Solved Problems for Students, Lecturers, and Researchers - Second Revised and Enlarged English Edition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198853787
eISBN:
9780191888236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853787.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter addresses chain of particles connected by springs as the simplest models used in theory of solids, the travelling and standing waves on a chain, and the free and forced oscillations of N ... More


The Mach–Zehnder Interferometer

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The chapter discusses the Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI), which uses beam splitters in combination with mirrors to place a photon into a superposition of paths. In a final beam splitter, the two ... More


Linear Dynamic Models

Ronald K. Pearson

in Discrete-time Dynamic Models

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195121988
eISBN:
9780197561294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195121988.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

It was emphasized in Chapter 1 that low-order, linear time-invariant models provide the foundation for much intuition about dynamic phenomena in the real world. This ... More


Quantum Schmuntum: Lights, Camera, Action!

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Spring 2005, whilst sitting at my desk in the physics department at Leeds University, marking yet more exam papers, I was interrupted by a phone call. ... More


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