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Quantum Physics in One Dimension

Thierry Giamarchi

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525004
eISBN:
9780191711909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents correlated systems in one dimension. Recent progress in nanotechnology and material research has made one-dimensional systems a crucial part of today's physics. After an ... More


Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Vladimir Dobrosavljevic, Nandini Trivedi, and James M. Valles, Jr. (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum phase transitions describe the violent rearrangement of electrons or atoms as they evolve from well defined excitations in one phase to a completely different set of excitations in another. ... More


Superconductors

A. V. Narlikar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Superconductors is neither about basic aspects of superconductivity nor about its applications, but concentrates mainly on superconducting materials. It is not an encyclopaedia, describing each and ... More


Topological insulators and superconductors

Shoucheng Zhang

in Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter indicates the placing of lecture notes on the subject of topological insulators and superconductors by Shoucheng Zhang from Stanford University. The lecture notes were not supplied for ... More


Nonlocal electromagnetism and superconductivity

Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo

in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter provides a scheme of nonlocal electromagnetism and develops a scheme of superconductivity. In essence, nonlocality is meant as a description of constitutive properties through ... More


Sample Contacts

Jack W. Ekin

in Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After designing an effective sample holder, the next step is making electrical contact directly to the test sample itself. If the contacts are resistive and there is significant Joule heating, sample ... More


Basic Inorganic Crystal Structures and Materials

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Following an extensive discussion on the symmetry of crystals in the previous chapter, a large number of crystal structures of inorganic compounds are collected in this chapter to familiarize readers ... More


Time-Dependent Ginzburg–Landau Analysis

Nikolai B. Kopnin

in Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507888
eISBN:
9780191709722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.003.12
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers vortex dynamics within the frameworks of the conventional and generalized TDGL models. The forces (the Lorenz force and the force from environment) acting on a moving vortex ... More


SUPERCONDUCTIVITY

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Superconductivity remains a relatively little understood state. In the last few years, Fröhlich has proposed an attractive picture of superconductivity, but the mathematical formulation is still ... More


PHASE SLIP EVENTS

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The specifics for a one-dimensional superconductor fluctuation mechanism of phase-slip events are discussed and the corresponding smearing of the transition is found using the framework of the ... More


PHASE FLUCTUATIONS IN A 2D SUPERCONDUCTING SYSTEM

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the crucial role of phase fluctuations in two-dimensional (2D) systems. The exponential tail in Josephson current is found close to Tc. The physics of the ... More


FLUCTUATIONS NEAR SUPERCONDUCTOR-INSULATOR TRANSITION

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the quantum phase transition using the example of superconductor-insulator transition. For the 3D case, a version of the Ginzburg-Landau formalism is formulated from both ... More


FLUCTUATION TRANSPORT

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation is phenomenologically introduced in relation to the order parameter relaxation in quasi-stationary approximation. This is applied to the fluctuation ... More


MICROSCOPIC THEORY OF FLUCTUATION CONDUCTIVITY

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a microscopic analysis of the different fluctuation contributions to the conductivity tensor. The physical origin and a qualitative evaluation of Aslamazov-Larkin, ... More


Andreev reflection at ferromagnet/superconductor interfaces

H. Imamura, S. Takahashi, and S. Maekawa

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Andreev reflection is a scattering process where electrical current is converted to supercurrent where there is an interface between a normal metal and a superconductor. Recently, much attention has ... More


Introduction

Richard A Klemm

in Layered Superconductors: Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593316
eISBN:
9780191738128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593316.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The Introduction provides a historical perspective, beginning with the basic differences between semiconductors, insulators, and metals. Metals are not only much better conductors of electricity, ... More


Introduction to replica theory

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In the past twenty-five years, the replica method has evolved into a rather sophisticated tool for attacking theoretical problems as diverse as spin glasses, protein folding, vortices in ... More


Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Jack Ekin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents an integrated, step-by-step approach to the design and construction of low-temperature measurement apparatus. It is effectively two books in one: a textbook on cryostat design ... More


Superconductors in abundance

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes a sumptuous variety of superconductors of both low- and high-temperature types (LTS) and (HTS). Although the more abundantly available LTS materials, with Tc <30 K, in general ... More


Layered Superconductors: Volume 1

Richard A. Klemm

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593316
eISBN:
9780191738128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593316.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Layered Superconductors, Volume I, describes the chemistry and physics of all layered superconductors. Although widespread interest in the subject did not really arise until the discovery of ... More


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