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Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model simulates the membrane potentials of three-compartment invertebrate neurons, comprising a soma, the neurite, and an axon. This model includes synaptic conductances to simulate ... More


Equations Underlying the Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model illustrates synaptic interactions among neurons. This chapter provides the equations for electrical coupling, for inhibitory and excitatory synaptic interactions, and for synaptic ... More


Models for Far-Apart Values

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Summation experiments using patterns that are far apart along any dimension (e.g., two lines of very different orientations) can answer the question of whether there are multiple analyzers along that ... More


Far-Apart Values on Spatial Dimensions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The results from summation experiments using far-apart values can be summarized as answers to two questions: (a) Do multiple analyzers exist along the dimension? (b) If so, is there probability ... More


RADON TRANSFORM AS THE INTERRELATION OF GEOMETRY AND ANALYSIS

Leon Ehrenpreis

in The Universality of the Radon Transform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509783
eISBN:
9780191709166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509783.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter deals with various questions which are related to the Radon transform, for example, the analog for forms, Selberg's trace formula. It gives a sharpening of the classical Euler-Maclaurin ... More


Close Values on Spatial Dimensions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

To measure an analyzer's bandwidth, summation experiments using close values on the dimension can be used. This chapter is the natural sequel to the preceding two chapters that discussed summation ... More


Intrinsic Uncertainty and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Intrinsic uncertainty arises from sources intrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's inability to attend to only the relevant information (attention limitations) and inability to ... More


Binocular masking and transfer

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses interocular effects, binocular summation, dichoptic visual masking, and transfer of figural effects. A visual induction effect occurs when one stimulus (the conditioning or ... More


Electrophysiology of Neuronal Interactions

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Two aspects of electrophysiology are critical for the functioning of the nervous system — the properties of individual neurons and the properties of synaptic interactions. The cell doctrine, that ... More


The Day of Summation

Daniel Berrigan

in The Trial of the Catonsville Nine

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223305
eISBN:
9780823236701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223305.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a script from the play, Trial of the Catonsville Nine, featuring the summations of both the prosecution and the defense during the trial of the ... More


Binocular summation, masking, and transfer

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0073
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Viewing with two eyes rather than one eye improves visual sensitivity to luminance, flicker, and motion. This chapter discusses the extent to which binocular summation is due to the improved ... More


The Casimir Effect at Nonzero Temperature

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers Casimir energy not in the vacuum state of a quantum field in the presence of boundaries but in a state containing real particles in thermal equilibrium. In fact, an ensemble of ... More


The Casimir Force Between Rough Surfaces and Corrugated Surfaces

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers the Casimir force, including the effect of surface roughness, emphasizing those approaches that can be used for comparison between experiment and theory. Thus, the method of ... More


Measurements of the Casimir Force in Configurations with Corrugated Boundaries

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Configurations with corrugated boundaries present opportunities for the observation of a new phenomenon, the lateral Casimir force. This chapter considers the results of three experiments performed ... More


Metacontrast and motion perception

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Metacontrast and motion perception have been related to each other in several ways. At a theoretical level, similarities between the temporal dynamics of visual masking and motion perception have ... More


Notation

Philip Isett

in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691174822
eISBN:
9781400885428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter explains the notation for the basic construction of the correction. It employs the Einstein summation convention, according to which there is an implied summation when a pair of indices ... More


Gaze Saccades to Visual Targets: Does Head Movement Change the Metrics?

Wolfgang Becker and Reinhard Jürgens

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0066
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, the authors addressed the question of the degree to which gaze saccades executed under natural conditions are modulated by concomitant head movements by creating a “quasi-natural” ... More


Mathematical Tools

Hans-Peter Eckle

in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199678839
eISBN:
9780191878589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 19 introduces the mathematical techniques required to extract analytic infor- mation from the Bethe ansatz equations for a Heisenberg quantum spin chain of finite length. It discusses how the ... More


The Essential Tool

in Introductory Econometrics: Intuition, Proof, and Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772624
eISBN:
9780804777209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772624.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter reviews the summation sign, the most important mathematical tool for the purposes of this book. It explains what the summation sign means and shows how it works. It presents some ... More


Isolating Holistic Processing in Faces (And Perhaps Objects)

Elinor Mckone, Paolo Martini, and Ken Nakayama

in Perception of Faces, Objects, and Scenes: Analytic and Holistic Processes

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195313659
eISBN:
9780199848058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313659.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes a series of techniques designed to isolate configural/holistic processes. This approach is built on the assumption that configural processes are holistic in that they sum ... More


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