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Jus in Bello, Suicide Bombing, and Killing Civilians

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

In the 1990s, Osama bin Laden observed proudly that the Afghan jihad against the Russians was unstained by the blood of innocents. Yet, since 1993, civilians have been al‐Qaeda's chosen targets. This ... More


The Ethics of Self-Sacrifice: What’s Wrong with Suicide Bombing?

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Terrorist attacks have typically involved using young people strapped with explosives, dispatched as ordinary pedestrians to outdoor cafés, buses, seaside resorts, university commons, or anywhere ... More


Who Is Revealed in War? History, War, and Storytelling

Patricia Owens

in Between War and Politics: International Relations and the Thought of Hannah Arendt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199299362
eISBN:
9780191715051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299362.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses Arendt's method of thinking about politics and war. It was a fundamental conviction that the most significant changes in social and political life could not be understood ... More


Explosive Bodies: Suicide Bombing as an Embodied Practice and the Politics of Abjection

Lauren B. Wilcox

in Bodies of Violence: Theorizing Embodied Subjects in International Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199384488
eISBN:
9780199384501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199384488.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 3 continues the destabilization of IR’s assumptions about bodies, focusing on the assumption of bodies as naturally self-contained and bordered by the skin. It argues that, outside the ... More


Violence as Recognition, Recognition as Violence

Rebecca Gould

in Writers and Rebels: The Literature of Insurgency in the Caucasus

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300200645
eISBN:
9780300220759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200645.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines transgressive sanctity's most recent iteration in wartime Chechnya. It focuses on local memories of Chechnya's first female suicide bombing in 2001. As it excavates the spaces ... More


Spurning “This Worldly Life”: TERRORISM AND MARTYRDOM IN CONTEMPORARY BRITAIN

Akil N. Awan

in Martyrdom and Terrorism: Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199959853
eISBN:
9780199376506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959853.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the rise of Jihadist terrorism in Britain and discusses underlying reasons behind notions of martyrdom and sacrifice among the Jihadists. It compares these notions to earlier ... More


Trans-state Muslim Movements and Militant Extremists in an Era of Soft Power

John O. Voll

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In a globalizing world, members of the same religious community, anchored in different parts of the world, have greater capacity to increase their cultural, social, and economic links with one ... More


Banditry and Terrorism (Ḥirābah, also Qaṭʿ al-Tarı̄q)

Mohammad Hashim Kamali

in Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: A Fresh Interpretation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190910648
eISBN:
9780190910679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910648.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

Beginning with the meaning and definition of the Qur’anic concept of ḥirābah, the chapter proceeds to examine its meaning in the hadith. Then it discusses juristic discourse on how Muslim scholars ... More


Varieties of Muslim Experience: Encounters with Arab Political and Cultural Life

Lawrence Rosen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226726168
eISBN:
9780226726182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726182.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This book focuses on Arab Muslims and aspects of their lives that are, at first glance, perplexing to Westerners. It ranges over such diverse topics as why Arabs eschew portraiture, why a Muslim ... More


The Threat of Suicide Terrorism

Sophia Moskalenko and Clark McCauley

in The Marvel of Martyrdom: The Power of Self-Sacrifice in a Selfish World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190689322
eISBN:
9780190939526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190689322.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter evaluates the moral threat of suicide terrorism. Political and psychological resilience to the threat of suicide bombing requires understanding the difference between suicide bombers and ... More


The Hornet’s Nest: The Battle of Jenin and Operation Defensive Shield (2002)

Daniel Byman

in A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780195391824
eISBN:
9780190252380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391824.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on Israel's Operation Defensive Shield, a military operation carried out between March 29 and April 21, 2002, in response to the suicide bombing orchestrated by Hamas member ... More


George W. Bush Reshapes America’s Role

Daniel C. Kurtzer, Scott B. Lasensky, William B. Quandt, Steven L. Spiegel, and Shibley Z. Telhami

in The Peace Puzzle: America's Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989-2011

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451478
eISBN:
9780801465864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451478.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter assesses the peace process during the first term of President George W. Bush. When Bush entered office, he rejected the deep involvement of the American president to the details of ... More


Laws of Uncertainty

Faisal Devji

in Terrorist in Search of Humanity: Militant Islam and Global Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190076801
eISBN:
9780197520741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076801.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

How can responsibility for the victimization of Muslims be located in a global arena where potentially everyone can be adjudged guilty? Its universality allows such responsibility to break down the ... More


Intentional Suffering: Self-Renunciative Martyrdom-Seeking in the Path of God

Nathan S. French

in And God Knows the Martyrs: Martyrdom and Violence in Jihadi-Salafism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190092153
eISBN:
9780190092184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092153.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter, along with the next, provides a comprehensive analysis of Jihadi-Salafi jurisprudence on the question of martyrdom-seeking operations (al-amaliyyat al-istishhadiyya), often referred to ... More


Terrorism Economics

Gilles Carbonnier

in Humanitarian Economics: War, Disaster, and the Global Aid Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190491543
eISBN:
9780190638467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491543.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how terrorism economics can enhance our understanding of contemporary warfare and adapt humanitarian responses accordingly. It examines terrorism finance, including kidnapping ... More


New ‘racisms’ and prejudices? The criminalisation of ‘Asian’

Sunita Toor

in Values in criminology and community justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447300359
eISBN:
9781447311706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter provides a critical dialogue on the new racisms and prejudices within criminological discourses, which has led to the criminalisation of Britain’s Asian communities. It charts the ... More


Of Debatable Benefit: Maṣlaḥa and the Tactic of Martyrdom-Seeking

Nathan S. French

in And God Knows the Martyrs: Martyrdom and Violence in Jihadi-Salafism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190092153
eISBN:
9780190092184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092153.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Though an individual may possess the correct intention for martyrdom-seeking, Jihadi-Salafi jurists argue that such intentionality does not secure the permissibility of a martyrdom-seeking operation. ... More


Conclusion: “The Islamic State Is Remaining and Expanding”: On the Collapse of the Caliphate

Nathan S. French

in And God Knows the Martyrs: Martyrdom and Violence in Jihadi-Salafism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190092153
eISBN:
9780190092184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092153.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Many researchers argue that contemporary Jihadi-Salafi movements will fall apart under the weight of their own extremism. This concluding chapter argues that such pronouncements may be premature. The ... More


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