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Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Eugene Subbotsky

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In children, magical thinking has traditionally been viewed as an immature form of thinking that is destined to diminish with age. With some exceptions, the study of magical thinking and magical ... More


Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Interviewing children who may have been sexually abused is a daunting task fraught with far-reaching consequences for the children, families, institutions, and professionals involved. With no room ... More


False Memory in Criminal Investigation

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a precis of the recent history of how the law handles child sexual abuse allegations in the United States. It then discusses research on the suggestibility of children's ... More


The Nature of Memory Causation

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the nature of memory causation. This involves identifying the vehicle of memory causation, specifying the strength of the causal relation constitutive of memory, and ruling out ... More


The Future of the Miranda Ruling

Lawrence S. Wrightsman and Mary L. Pitman

in The Miranda Ruling: Its Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730902
eISBN:
9780199776986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730902.003.008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The final chapter examines the positions of several prominent advocates of defendants’ rights who have come to believe that the Miranda warning procedure should be ignored because it is now ... More


Children’s Memory and Suggestibility

Erna Olafson

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Central to interviewing children about possible sexual abuse are concerns about their memory and suggestibility. There is a substantial body of research addressing the accuracy of children’s accounts ... More


The Freedom of the Will

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A substantial balance of evidence favours the view that human souls have (limited) libertarian free will, that is the freedom to choose between alternative actions, despite all causal influences ... More


Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Henry Otgaar and Mark L. Howe (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The focus of this book is on how legal professionals, legal/forensic psychologists, and memory researchers can decide when statements or identifications are based on truthful or fabricated ... More


Cognitive factors underlying paranormal beliefs and experiences

Christopher C. French and Krissy Wilson

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is clear that a wide range of situations exist that can potentially lead people to believe that they have experienced the paranormal when in fact they have not. The question regarding possible ... More


Suggestive Explanations

Christopher G. White

in Unsettled Minds: Psychology and the American Search for Spiritual Assurance, 1830–1940

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256798
eISBN:
9780520942721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256798.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter takes a last look at the ambiguities of psychological perspectives on faith by turning to a single case, to how, in the early decades of the twentieth century, human suggestibility was ... More


Memory Errors in Adaptive Recollections

Henry Otgaar, Mark L. Howe, Tom Smeets, Linsey Raymaekers, and Johan van Beers

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The authors’ study is the first to reveal that survival-related information amplifies the susceptibility to suggestion-based false memories in both children and adults. So, although evidence is ... More


A Convalescent Recoils

Tiffany Watt Smith

in On Flinching: Theatricality and Scientific Looking from Darwin to Shell Shock

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198700937
eISBN:
9780191770487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700937.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, Drama

Chapter Four addresses Arthur Hurst’s experimental treatment of shell-shocked soldiers at Netley Hospital in Hampshire, many suffering from exaggerated or inappropriate flinch-reflexes. Shunning both ... More


Tardean Hypnosis: Capture and Escape inthe Age of Contagion

Tony D. Sampson

in Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816670048
eISBN:
9781452946818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816670048.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter outlines the trajectory of the Tardean diagram to current exercises of biopower in capitalism and related business and political enterprises, emphasizing the significance of unconscious ... More


Suggestions in Court

Brian H. Bornstein and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

in Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Assessment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190696344
eISBN:
9780190696375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696344.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Although Münsterberg introduces this chapter with a clinical case study involving posthypnotic suggestion, the focus is on suggestibility and reconstructive memory processes broadly, including the ... More


Hypnosis and Crime

Brian H. Bornstein and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

in Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Assessment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190696344
eISBN:
9780190696375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696344.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Münsterberg acknowledges the relationship between hypnosis and suggestibility and addresses popular misconceptions about hypnosis, individual differences in hypnotizability, and the relationship ... More


Suggestibility in the Courtroom: How Memory Can Be Distorted During the Investigative and Legal Process

Fiona Gabbert and Lorraine Hope

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Due to the constructive nature of memory, recollections for events are easily contaminated or distorted by information encountered after the event took place. People can therefore mistakenly report ... More


Putting Children’s Memory and Suggestibility in their Place: An Analysis Considering Person, Topic, and Context

Deborah Goldfarb, Gail S. Goodman, Rakel P. Larson, Alejandra Gonzalez, and Mitchell L. Eisen

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Children bring their own unique abilities, backgrounds, and circumstances into legal settings. Thus, discussions of children’s memory and suggestibility require a nuanced approach to the many factors ... More


Memory Conformity Following Collaborative Remembering

Fiona Gabbert and Rebecca Wheeler

in Collaborative Remembering: Theories, Research, and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198737865
eISBN:
9780191820366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198737865.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Despite natural differences in the way individuals initially remember the same encoded event, research shows that when people discuss their memories they can influence each other such that their ... More


The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children

Ross E. Cheit

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199931224
eISBN:
9780199355853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931224.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Child sexual abuse became part of the public discourse in 1984 with a series of high-profile criminal cases involving day-care centers. Epitomized by the McMartin Preschool case, this one and dozens ... More


The McMartin Preschool Case (1983–1990)

Ross E. Cheit

in The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199931224
eISBN:
9780199355853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931224.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The McMartin Preschool case began with a single allegation in August 1983. The case eventually involved interviews with hundreds of children. Charges were filed against seven adults. Two of those ... More


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