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Slouching Towards Deponency: A Family of Mismatches in the Bantu Verb Stem*

Jeff Good

in Deponency and Morphological Mismatches

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264102
eISBN:
9780191734380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264102.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses some morphological idiosyncrasies that involve the four Bantu verbal suffixes. The terms passivization and applicativization are used in the chapter to refer to abstract ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


Derivation

D. Gary Miller

in Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English: and Their Indo-European Ancestry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285051
eISBN:
9780191713682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285051.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses various theoretical issues concerning derivation, conversion, constraints on derivation (e.g., blocking and the haplological constraint), cumulative and substitutive ... More


The Neuter S‐stem Nouns

Torsten Meissner

in S-Stem Nouns and Adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European: A Diachronic Study in Word Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280087
eISBN:
9780191707100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280087.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The neuter s-stem nouns constitute one of the best established word formation categories in the Indo-European languages and it is certain that they are deep-rooted in the parent language itself. The ... More


Epilogue: Combining the Threads

Torsten Meissner

in S-Stem Nouns and Adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European: A Diachronic Study in Word Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280087
eISBN:
9780191707100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280087.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The overall aim of this study is to determine the morphological and semantic characteristics of the various sigmatic formations, while accounting for their development within Greek and from ... More


Complex Caland Formations

Philomen Probert

in Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279609
eISBN:
9780191707292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the recessive accentuation of occasional adjectives with primary -ro- and -no-, and of all adjectives of material with -ino- and adjectives with -(s)uno-, -imo-, and -umo-. ... More


Summary and Further Consequences

Philomen Probert

in Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279609
eISBN:
9780191707292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter draws together results and suggests that the accentual stability of very frequent words and of words containing frequent and synchronically recognized suffixes both result from the ... More


Morphological Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The origin and diffusion of two English suffixes are treated. The first is 3sg. ‐s, which is not of Scandinavian origin but resulted from generalization of ‐s from is to has to other irregular ... More


Extending the Vocabulary

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Wine vocabularies can be extended morphologically by adding suffixes such as –y, –ish, –ic, –ful or –ous to nouns to construct adjectives: woody, stylish, metallic, graceful, and harmonious. More ... More


Introduction

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This introductory chapter explores the concepts of grammaticalization, lexicalization, and degrammaticalization, and areas of overlap between them. Both grammaticalization and degrammaticalization ... More


Debonding

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the third and final type of degrammaticalization. Debonding is defined as ‘a change whereby a bound morpheme in a specific linguistic context becomes a free morpheme’. Like ... More


Conjugated ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ in SDR-Dialects

Jeroen van Craenenbroeck

in The Syntax of Ellipsis: Evidence from Dutch Dialects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195375640
eISBN:
9780199871612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375640.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the fact that in certain dialects of Dutch the polarity markers yes and no can be accompanied by subject clitics and/or agreement suffixes. Just as in the previous chapter, ... More


English Derivational Morphology: Productivity, Processing, and Ordering

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter reviews the empirical and theoretical literatures on English derivational morphology—in preparation for the simulation results presented in the following chapter. This chapter is divided ... More


English Derivational Morphology: Simulations

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents simulation results for English derivational morphology. The first part of the chapter gives a general overview of the modeling assumptions used for the simulations of the ... More


The Suffixes -ismus and -ita in Nouns in Czech

Magda Ševčˇíková

Pius ten Hacken, Renáta Panocová, Pius ten Hacken, and Renáta Panocová (eds)

in The Interaction of Borrowing and Word Formation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474448208
eISBN:
9781474481120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474448208.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter documents the interplay between borrowing and word formation on the example of the suffixes -ismus and -ita, which are listed among the most common suffixes in loan nouns in Czech. The ... More


On stress *

Gerjan van Schaaik

in The Oxford Turkish Grammar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851509
eISBN:
9780191886102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851509.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter explains the difference between syllables with primary stress and syllables which receive secondary or tertiary stress. These notions are relevant because words may consist of many ... More


On negation

Gerjan van Schaaik

in The Oxford Turkish Grammar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851509
eISBN:
9780191886102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851509.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is intended as a mere announcement that there are three types of negation in Turkish. Each of these types has its own specific domain. First, to a verbal stem various (verbal) suffixes ... More


Building words

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the structure and make-up of words in Amazonian languages. We start with their typological profile, and what kinds of morphemes words consist of. There are no isolating ... More


New Words and Changing Uses

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

The English lexicon changes constantly as users coin new words and press existing words into new uses. Novel English words are formed by a variety of methods, including compounding existing words, ... More


The French input

D. Gary Miller

in External Influences on English: From its Beginnings to the Renaissance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654260
eISBN:
9780191742064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Lexicography

French influence on English was largely lexical, but because of the high volume of loanwords the effect on English morphology was extensive. This chapter outlines the historical context in which ... More


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