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Prioritarianism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to prioritarianism, outcome value is an additive function of weighted individual welfare, where increases in welfare are weighted such that they gain a greater moral value, the worse off ... More


What Is Well-Being? What Is Equity?

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter replies to some standard objections to consequentialist moral principle, including the problem of expensive tastes, and R. Dworkin’s circularity objection. The chapter compares the main ... More


Enough for the Future

Lukas H. Meyer and Dominic Roser

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Reflecting the normative significance of specific features of intergenerational relations this chapter investigates the justice claims of future people vis-à-vis currently living people. It discusses ... More


Equality and Priority *

Bertil Tungodden

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter provides an overview of recent economic and philosophical literature on egalitarianism and prioritarianism. it discusses how a concern for equality promotion can be combined with the ... More


Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Liam Shields

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Whether people in some society are able to secure enough food, healthcare or education seems to be an important way of assessing that society. However, as a philosophical ideal sufficiency faces many ... More


Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency

Lea Ypi

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593873
eISBN:
9780191731426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593873.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Why should states matter and how do relations between fellow‐citizens affect what is owed to distant strangers? How, if at all, can demanding egalitarian principles inform political action? This book ... More


Introduction: the complexity of the debate on global justice

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides an articulation of the current debate on global distributive justice and identifies the main themes, aims, and theses of the book. Section 1.2 identifies three kinds of ... More


Conclusion: Exploring responsibilities of global justice

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What do we owe to each other as a matter of global justice? What are our normative responsibilities? This chapter concludes by summarizing the main strands of argument developed in the book, their ... More


Global Egalitarianism

Lea Ypi

in Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593873
eISBN:
9780191731426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593873.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the controversy between statists and cosmopolitans with regard to the principles of global justice. It shows how on issues of principle both tend to condemn the consequences ... More


On Principles

Lea Ypi

in Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593873
eISBN:
9780191731426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593873.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the causal link between absolute deprivation and relative deprivation and defends the role of this link in asserting an account of global egalitarianism focused on the ... More


Some Questions (and Answers) for Sufficientarians

Liam Shields

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Critics of sufficientarianism have argued that the two most commonly advocated versions of sufficientarianism, upper-limit and headcount sufficientarianism, are vulnerable to compelling objections. ... More


Politics and Distributive Justice

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains the background to debates about sufficiency. It explains how the field of distributive justice relates to politics and it situates sufficiency within the field of distributive ... More


What is Sufficientarianism?

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains how sufficiency or sufficientarianism has historically been understood and explains the debates about it, highlighting the Indifference and Upper-Limit Objections that have been ... More


Sufficiency and Equality

Sungmoon Kim

in Democracy after Virtue: Toward Pragmatic Confucian Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190671235
eISBN:
9780190671266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190671235.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter explores a distributive principle that is integral to pragmatic Confucian democracy—what I call Confucian democratic sufficientarianism. Confucian democratic sufficientarianism ... More


Learning from the Early Confucians

Aaron Stalnaker

in Mastery, Dependence, and the Ethics of Authority

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190052300
eISBN:
9780190052331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052300.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The concluding chapter addresses what contemporary people might learn from the early Confucians about the study’s themes. It argues that moral autonomy is the core of personal autonomy, and that both ... More


Justice between Old and Young

Nancy S. Jecker

in Ending Midlife Bias: New Values for Old Age

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190949075
eISBN:
9780190949105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949075.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 5 shifts from asking which values matter for individuals to asking which matter for groups of people at different ages. It addresses age group justice by proposing principles of relational ... More


Intergenerational Justice, Sufficiency, and Health

Axel Gosseries

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, the implications of intergenerational sufficientarianism for health-related issues are discussed. First, the chapter presents intergenerational sufficientarianism and specifies three ... More


Just Caring: The Insufficiency of the Sufficiency Principle in Health Care

Leonard M. Fleck

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that sufficientarianism fails to provide us with a morally adequate perspective for addressing contemporary complex problems of health care justice, especially in connection with ... More


Limited Territorial Jurisdiction over Natural Resources

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter further explores and defends the conception of natural resource justice composed of the principle of collective self-determination and the (lexically prior) basic needs principle. It ... More


The Argument from Distribution

Shelly Kagan

in How to Count Animals, more or less

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198829676
eISBN:
9780191868177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most people embrace one or another distributive principle (such as a principle of equality, or desert, or views like prioritarianism, or sufficientarianism). But if the unitarian is correct and ... More


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