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Periglacial and terrestrial habitats in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic and Antarctic. It begins discussing some of their physical and chemical characteristics and then subsequent subsections detail the ... More


Mythological and Heroic Names in the Onomastics of Atrax (Thessaly)

Jean-Claude Decourt and Athanasios Tziafalias

in Old and New Worlds in Greek Onomastics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264126
eISBN:
9780191734632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264126.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines heroic and mythological names in the onomastics in Atrax in Thessaly. It explains that Atrax is just a modest town that until recently had only fifteen inscriptions to its name, ... More


Descartes's Use of the Concept of Substance

Desmond M. Clarke

in Descartes's Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261239
eISBN:
9780191597213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261237.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian substances are ultimate subjects of predication, not things in themselves (substrata) apart from their properties. Our knowledge of substances is limited to knowledge of their qualities. ... More


Substance in Locke

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 2

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250920
eISBN:
9780191597060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250924.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Locke wrote both scornfully and acceptingly about the thought of ‘substance’, understood as the substratum of all qualities. This is because he was trying to talk about the notion of a thing; he ... More


Primary Matter

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126495
eISBN:
9780199870974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126491.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In confirmation of the conclusions of Ch. 11, examination of the principal relevant texts from the period 1685–1704 shows that Leibnizian primary matter is not an ultimate substratum or subject of ... More


Berkeley on Spirits

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 2

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250920
eISBN:
9780191597060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250924.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

For Berkeley, a spirit is a substance, understood in the substratum way that he attacked where material substances are in question. He opposed solipsism, as did Descartes and Locke, on the grounds ... More


Plato

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato offers the first metaphysical exploration of the nature of causation and explanation, and the relationship between these and other metaphysical concepts, such as forms, properties, and the ... More


Kant's Paralogisms: Self‐Consciousness and the ‘Outside Observer’ 1

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant distinguishes between himself as object of outer sense (man), himself as object of inner sense alone (empirical consciousness), and himself as he is in himself (the transcendental subject that ... More


Objects

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The world is a world of objects. Objects are various ways; these ways are their properties. A substance–property conception of this sort differs from a conception according to which objects are ... More


Bundle Theory

Douglas Ehring

in Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends the Bundle Theory thesis that concrete particulars or substantial particulars are wholly constituted by and identical to complete bundles of compresent tropes. Bundles are taken ... More


Substratum

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers one of the most prominent points of agreement among scholastic and post‐scholastic authors: the existence of an enduring substratum of change. This substratum can be called ... More


Lockean Substances

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the standard interpretations of Locke's theory of substance have woefully misunderstood his actual view. His actual view, almost entirely in line with earlier thinking about ... More


Aristotle's Physics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Katerina Ierodiakonou, Paul Kalligas, and Vassilis Karasmanis (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830993
eISBN:
9780191868948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This volume of the ‘Symposium Aristotelicum’ constitutes a running commentary of the first book of Aristotle’s Physics, a central treatise of the Aristotelian corpus that aims at knowledge of the ... More


Historical Development of Nheengatu (Língua Geral Amazônica)

Denny Moore

in Iberian Imperialism and Language Evolution in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226126173
eISBN:
9780226125671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226125671.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The indigenous Tupian language spoken on the east coast of Brazil by the Tupinambá and other tribes at the time of contact by Europeans spread through the early colony of Brazil, becoming known as ... More


Demography, Dispersal, and Connectivity of Populations

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the abiotic environment of giant kelp. Macrocystis requires a hard substratum for settlement and attachment, water temperatures between about 4°C and 20°C, sea-bottom light ... More


A Transcendental Chicken-and-Egg Dilemma

Thierry de Duve

in Aesthetics at Large: Volume 1: Art, Ethics, Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226546568
eISBN:
9780226546872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546872.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter revisits section 9 for a close reading and an attempt to go through the unresolved issues it raises, which are all the more important that its opening sentence states, “the solution of ... More


Substratum

Matthew Stuart

in Locke's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199645114
eISBN:
9780191760914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645114.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an exercise in damage control. Locke holds that we need the notion of substratum or substance in general, but also that it is hopelessly obscure and confused. This chapter examines ... More


The Principles of Natural Things—Two or Three?: Physics I 7, Part 2

Hendrik Lorenz

in Aristotle's Physics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830993
eISBN:
9780191868948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830993.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines part 2 of Physics I 7, in which Aristotle connects the concepts of what underlies and of the contraries with the question of what the principles of natural things are. He ... More


The rise and fall of serial verbs

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in Serial Verbs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198791263
eISBN:
9780191833700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791263.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

We have identified three scenarios for the emergence of serial verb constructions: clause fusion scenario, whereby serial verbs emerge out of sequences of clauses; the verbal modification scenario, ... More


The Maghrebi dialects of Arabic

Jordi Aguadé

in Arabic Historical Dialectology: Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198701378
eISBN:
9780191770647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701378.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter analyses synchronically and diachronically the Maghrebi Arabic dialects spoken in North Africa, whose most outstanding features are the prefix n- for the first person singular of the ... More


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