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Event Memory in Infancy and Early Childhood

Patricia J. Bauer

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of changes in the study of event memory in children. It then describes some of the most salient developmental changes in event memory over the first years of ... More


Discourse

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A discourse consists of usage events, and in the usage based approach linguistic units are seen as being abstracted from such events. Discourse is fundamentally interactive and necessarily dynamic. ... More


The Biology and Psychology Perspectives

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter outlines some accounts of the biological and cognitive systems which characterize the source of the emotive content of speech, followed by a general description of the biological ... More


Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Colin W. G. Clifford and Gillian Rhodes (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Adaptation phenomena provide striking examples of perceptual plasticity and offer valuable insight into the mechanisms of visual coding. The technique of psychophysical adaptation has aptly been ... More


Lysosomal defects and storage

Frances M. Platt and Steven U. Walkley

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a discussion of traditional classification of lysosomal storage diseases. It then discusses the classification of lysosomal diseases based on molecular defect. These include ... More


The Development of Creole Categories

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Creoles emerge via relexification of one or more substrate languages, with grammatical categories from substrates, superstrates, and internal changes. Creoles exhibit a striking typological ... More


The Neurology of Emotions and Feelings, and Their Role in Behavioral Decisions

Antoine Bechara

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a neuroscientific perspective in support of the view that the process of decision making is influenced in many important ways by neural substrates that regulate homeostasis, ... More


Piloting

Etienne Save and Bruno Poucet

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes allothetic navigation and the methods for studying allothetic navigation in the laboratory. Topics covered include theories of spatial learning, spatial strategies, behavioral ... More


Fear

Matthew R. Tinsley and Michael S. Fanselow

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter presents defensive behavior as a functional behavior system, describes the neural substrates of many of the various defensive behaviors described, and presents a model that integrates ... More


Computational consciousness

Dana H. Ballard

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Much previous work has concentrated on finding a mechanistic explanation of how it feels to be conscious and, specifically, in trying to trace that feeling to the neural substrate. This chapter ... More


The Emergence of Classicality from Quantum Theory

Erich Joos

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A thoroughgoing and consistent application of quantum theory shows that the connection between classical and quantum physics is very different from what can be found in standard textbooks. In the ... More


Peat and organic soil

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter defines and characterizes peat: its composition, physical, and chemical properties. Peats are organic-rich materials that have accumulated on wet, oxygen-poor substrates by sedentary ... More


Habitats

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes terrestrial and underwater habitats for different otter species. Results of surveys of terrestrial habitat selection based on distribution of faeces (‘spraints’) should be ... More


Fabrication of semiconductor nanostructures

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses some of the most common fabrication methods used for the realization of semiconductor nanostructures. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are distinguished. Among the latter, ... More


Herbivory and Other Cross-Kingdom Interactions on Harsh Soils

Sharon Y. Strauss and Robert S. Boyd

in Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Edaphically stressful substrates, like serpentine, present plants with challenges that differ from other substrates. Stressful substrates often require plant adaptations to toxicity stressors such as ... More


Distinctiveness and Emotion in Early Memory Development

Mark L. Howe

in The Nature of Early Memory: An Adaptive Theory of the Genesis and Development of Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195381412
eISBN:
9780199893867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381412.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the impact of stress and trauma on memory and its development. It begins by reviewing the relevant neural substrates related to the impact of stress and trauma on memory ... More


Is hypnotic responding the strategic relinquishment of metacognition?

Zoltán Dienes

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

According to the ‘cold control theory’ of Dienes and Perner (2007) hypnotic responding is intimately linked to metacognition. Specifically, we proposed that what makes a hypnotic response hypnotic is ... More


The Frustrating Equation

Juan Uriagereka

in Spell‐Out and the Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593521
eISBN:
9780191731402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593521.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces dynamical frustration and suggests a role for it in the neurophysiological substrate of language. To explore this possibility, linguistic structuring it presented from the ... More


Anatomical substrates for movement performance: cerebral cortex and the corticospinal tract

Robert Porter and Roger Lemon

in Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523758
eISBN:
9780191724404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523758.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Although the function of a particular cortical area is determined not so much by its intrinsic structure as by its extrinsic connections, its inputs and outputs, it is important to review the ... More


Spatial disorders

Angelo Maravita

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Our daily life is characterized by continuous interactions with the space around us. When we see an object of interest or hear the voice of a friend, we may wish to orient our eyes or head towards ... More


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