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Semantical Moves

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter pursues a strategy for solving the knowability paradox in terms of the general category of the fallacies involved in substituting into intensional contexts. It clarifies and defends the ... More


Extensions and intensions: language, mind, and world

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The Fregean and the modern schemata for extensions and intensions of terms, predicates, and propositions are subjected to a new critique and are revised accordingly, whereby an intensional ontology ... More


Default Semantics for Propositional Attitude Reports

K.M. Jaszczolt

in Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter addresses the problem of substitutivity of coreferential expressions in belief reports, and offers an original solution to this problem in the form of degrees of mode of presentation ... More


Does the Principle of Substitutivity Rest on a Mistake?

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper upholds Fitch's suggestion that it is reasonable to suppose that names of identified objects should be everywhere intersubstitutable when they are being used as names (the principle of ... More


Defenses of Millianism

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews efforts to explain away the problems with Millian theories, and shows that they are unsuccessful. Soames’s solution to Russell’s problem (existence failures) either adopts a ... More


Carried Away in the Euthyphro

Lindsay Judson

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses Socrates' refutation of Euthyphro's definition of piety as what is all the gods love (Euthyphro 9e1-11b5), which begins with the famous question, ‘is the pious loved by the ... More


Identity

Graham Priest

in Towards Non-Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262540
eISBN:
9780191602672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262543.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapter 2 provides the semantics for identity in the context of intentional operators. The key feature of the semantics is the failure of substitutivity of identicals in intentional contexts. This is ... More


The Problem of De Re Modality

Kit Fine

in Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278701
eISBN:
9780191603105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278709.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is maintained that Quine had two arguments against quantified modal logic; one rooted in an opposition to the idea of an essential property; and the other rooted in an opposition to the idea that ... More


Quine on Quantifying In

Kit Fine

in Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278701
eISBN:
9780191603105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278709.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter provides shorter version of the previous chapter and develops some of its themes. It argues that the status of Quine’s arguments against quantifying into modal contexts varies depending ... More


Inference Principles

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chs. 7 (and 6) set out and clean the formal tools that are needed in the remaining chapters to prove that Donald Davidson's and Richard Rorty's cases against facts and the representation of facts are ... More


Identity in the Actual World

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The so‐called salva veritate criterion for the truth of identity propositions, namely that A is the same as B if and only if A can be substituted for B in any proposition salva veritate, is ... More


Fregean Innocence

Paul M. Pietroski

in Causing Actions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In a belief ascription like ‘Sam believes that Hesperus rises in the evening’, the complementizer ‘that’ is a device for referring to the sense of the embedded sentence. On this Fregean view, ... More


Chapter The Easy Problem of Belief Reports

Stefano Predelli

in Contexts: Meaning, Truth, and the Use of Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199281732
eISBN:
9780191603204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281734.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defends a simple-minded solution to the problems raised by occurrences of proper names within attitude reports, with particular attention to alleged failures of the substitutivity ... More


Possibilia and Possible Worlds

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper examines claims that quantified modal logic trades on deep failures and confusions. In particular, it discusses the putative problem of failure of substitutivity of co‐referential terms in ... More


Direct Reference and Ascriptions of Belief

Mark Richard

in Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199557950
eISBN:
9780191747267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557950.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Motivations for ‘direct reference’ views in semantics are discussed. It is shown that such views are not committed to the claim that substitution of co-referential names in attitude ascriptions ... More


Quantification and Leibniz's Law

Mark Richard

in Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199557950
eISBN:
9780191747267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557950.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Leibniz’s law, or (L), is the principle that universal closures of sentences of the form ‘if x = y, then (if…x…, then…y…)’ are all true. Most think that if a language’s quantifiers are objectual, (L) ... More


Semaphores and Giorgione

Stefano Predelli

in Meaning without Truth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695638
eISBN:
9780191760785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695638.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Armed with the resources of obstinacy, this chapter argues that the so-called ‘logophoric’ solution to Quine’s ‘Giorgione’ puzzle requires the resources of the Theory of Bias. The first sections of ... More


A = B

in Abysmal: A Critique of Cartographic Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226629308
eISBN:
9780226629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629322.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While old Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz held the logical principle of identity to be absolutely indemonstrable, and in that sense not primarily a logical but a metaphysical thesis, Bertrand Russell ... More


Identity

Graham Priest

in Towards Non-Being

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198783596
eISBN:
9780191839856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783596.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 provides the semantics for identity in the context of intentional operators. The key feature of the semantics is the failure of substitutivity of identicals in intentional contexts. This is ... More


Transparency and the Context-Sensitivity of Attitude Reports

Cian Dorr

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends the view that although the sentence ‘Superman is Clark Kent, but some people who believe that Superman flies do not believe that Clark Kent flies’ is logically inconsistent, we ... More


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