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Summing Up

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Auditory and visual perception is the construction of meaningful objects in the world. Auditory and visual information is substitutable and tradable, and both exist in a common space/time framework. ... More


Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Michio Morishima

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book brings together papers that were published by the author in several journals, and which have been revised and contain some new material. The main model carried through the whole book is ... More


‘Critical Natural Capital’ and Social Justice (Part Ii)

Andrew Dobson

in Justice and the Environment: Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Theories of Distributive Justice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294955
eISBN:
9780191599071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294956.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Continues the examination of sustainability as the maintenance of critical natural capital, and its compatibility with the objective of social justice. Suggests that the tendency of justice to deal ... More


‘Irreversibility’ and Social Justice

Andrew Dobson

in Justice and the Environment: Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Theories of Distributive Justice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294955
eISBN:
9780191599071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294956.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Considers the second conception of environmental sustainability, in which ‘irreversible nature’ (such as species) is the thing to be sustained into the future. In Ch. 5, it was pointed out that ... More


‘Natural Value’ and Social Justice

Andrew Dobson

in Justice and the Environment: Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Theories of Distributive Justice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294955
eISBN:
9780191599071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294956.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Examines the third conception of sustainability, involving the maintenance of ‘natural value’ into the future, for its compatibility with social justice. Substitutability is wholly rejected, as the ... More


Comparative Static Analysis of the Simplest Input‐Output System

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses formal similarities between the exchange equilibrium under weak gross substitutability and the static input–output system as represented by various Leontief‐type models. By ... More


Valuing Goods

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Practical problems of estimating accounting prices are discussed in Ch. 8. Their resolution requires attention to ecological matters, such as the role of biodiversity in creating substitution ... More


Topic–comment modulation

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in The Logic of Language: Language From Within Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559480
eISBN:
9780191721144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559480.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Topic—comment modulation (TCM), the third main ingredient of discourse semantics besides anaphora and presuppositions, is the structuring of sentence meaning into two constituents, a given topic and ... More


Programmed Visions: Software and Memory

Wendy Hui Kyong Chun

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015424
eISBN:
9780262295215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015424.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The new media thrives on cycles of obsolescence and renewal: From celebrations of cyber-everything to Y2K, from the dot-com bust to the next big things—mobile mobs, Web 3.0, cloud computing, etc. ... More


Incentives in the Modification and Cessation of Cigarette Smoking

Edwin B. Fisher, Leonard Green, Amanda L. Calvert, and Russell E. Glasgow

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0100
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the effectiveness of incentives in general health promotion, and in interventions for smoking and other drug addictions in particular. Consistent with basic ... More


Cost-Benefit Paralysis

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter sketches some serious disputes between rival economic analyses of climate change. Such disputes result in vastly different policy recommendations, and involve serious differences in ... More


Relationship between Law and Economics: Does ‘Rubicon’ Exist between Them?

Won-mog Choi

in ‘Like Products’ in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260782
eISBN:
9780191698682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260782.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the association between law and economics. It specifically addresses the presence of Rubicon between law and economics. There are different kinds of laws: public and private ... More


Applying the Relationship to GATT Law: Across the Rubicon!

Won-mog Choi

in ‘Like Products’ in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260782
eISBN:
9780191698682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260782.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the analytical framework of the economic analysis. It considers the Conceptual Classification of Relationship between Goods. In addition, the analytical framework for likeness ... More


Progressive Interpretation of ‘Like’ and ‘directly Competitive or Substitutable’ Products in the Provisions of the GATT/WTO Agreement: Playing the Accordion!

Won-mog Choi

in ‘Like Products’ in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260782
eISBN:
9780191698682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260782.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the progressive interpretation of the likeness or substitutability concept in each provision of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/World Trade Organization (WTO) ... More


Substitutability and the Valuation of Natural Capital

Charles Perrings

in Conservation: Economics, Science, and Policy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780190613600
eISBN:
9780190613648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190613600.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 7 considers the substitutability between produced and natural capital—assets used in the production of goods and services, and between environmental and other goods and services. It shows the ... More


The Green Paradox Under Imperfect Substitutability between Clean and Dirty Fuels

Ngo Van Long

in Climate Policy and Nonrenewable Resources: The Green Paradox and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027885
eISBN:
9780262319836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027885.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows that a technological change that increases marginally the degree of substitutability of non-fossil fuels for fossil fuels may cause fossil fuels producers to anticipate lower ... More


The Analytics of Influence

Sikina Jinnah

in Post-Treaty Politics: Secretariat Influence in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028042
eISBN:
9780262325356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028042.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter builds a theory of secretariat influence and presents the two-pronged analytical framework that is used in subsequent chapters to evaluate secretariat influence. In constructing this ... More


Origins of Overlap Management in the Biodiversity Regime Complex

Sikina Jinnah

in Post-Treaty Politics: Secretariat Influence in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028042
eISBN:
9780262325356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028042.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The first of four empirical case studies, this chapter applies the two-pronged analytical framework introduced in Chapter 3 to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat's overlap ... More


The Global Structure of the Equilibrium Manifold

Yves Balasko

in The Equilibrium Manifold: Postmodern Developments in the Theory of General Economic Equilibrium

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026543
eISBN:
9780262255370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026543.003.0130
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter is divided into three parts. The first part gives some intuition for the mathematical concepts of pathconnectedness, simple connectedness, and contractibility. The second part is devoted ... More


Positive Feedback: Listening behind Hearing

David Wills

in Thresholds of Listening: Sound, Technics, Space

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264377
eISBN:
9780823266784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264377.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the common distinction between hearing and listening, with particular emphasis on the question of the priority of either. It asks whether we begin to listen after we have ... More


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